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Chin. Phys. B, 2015, Vol. 24(6): 066103    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/24/6/066103

Structural and magnetic transition in stainless steel Fe-21Cr-6Ni-9Mn up to 250 GPa

Liu Lei (柳雷)a, Hou Qi-Yue (侯琪玥)a, Zhang Yi (张毅)a, Jing Qiu-Min (敬秋民)a, Wang Zhi-Gang (王志刚)a, Bi Yan (毕延)a, Xu Ji-An (徐济安)a, Li Xiao-Dong (李晓东)b, Li Yan-Chun (李延春)b, Liu Jing (刘景)b
a National Key Laboratory of Shock Wave and Detonation Physics, Institute of Fluid Physics,China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China;
b Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049, China
Abstract  Stainless steel Fe-21Cr-6Ni-9Mn (SS 21-6-9), with ~ 21% Cr, ~ 6% Ni, and ~ 9% Mn in weight percentage, has wide applications in extensive fields. In the present study, SS 21-6-9 is compressed up to 250 GPa, and its crystal structures and compressive behaviors are investigated simultaneously using the synchrotron angle-dispersive x-ray diffraction technique. The SS 21-6-9 undergoes a structural phase transition from fcc to hcp structure at ~ 12.8 GPa with neglectable volume collapse within the determination error under the quasi-hydrostatic environment. The hcp structure remains stable up to the highest pressure of 250 GPa in the present experiments. The antiferromagnetic-to-nonmagnetic state transition of hcp SS 21-6-9 with the changes of inconspicuous density and structure, is discovered at ~ 50 GPa, and revealed by the significant change in c/a ratio. The hcp SS-21-6-9 is compressive anisotropic: it is more compressive in the c-axis direction than in the a-axis direction. Both the equations of states (EOSs) of fcc and hcp SS 21-6-9, which are in accordance with those of fcc and hcp pure irons respectively, are also presented. Furthermore, the c/a ratio of hcp SS 21-6-9 at infinite compression, R, is consistent with the values of pure iron and Fe–10Ni alloy.
Keywords:  Fe-21Cr-6Ni-9Mn      structure transition      magnetic transition      x-ray diffraction  
Received:  30 October 2014      Revised:  20 January 2015      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  61.66.Dk (Alloys )  
  61.50.Ks (Crystallographic aspects of phase transformations; pressure effects)  
  75.30.Kz (Magnetic phase boundaries (including classical and quantum magnetic transitions, metamagnetism, etc.))  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. U1230201, 11274281, and 11304294), the Industrial Technology Development Program, China (Grant No. 9045140509), and the Funds from the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant Nos. KJCX2-SW-N03 and KJCX2-SW-N20).
Corresponding Authors:  Liu Lei     E-mail:
About author:  61.66.Dk; 61.50.Ks; 75.30.Kz

Cite this article: 

Liu Lei (柳雷), Hou Qi-Yue (侯琪玥), Zhang Yi (张毅), Jing Qiu-Min (敬秋民), Wang Zhi-Gang (王志刚), Bi Yan (毕延), Xu Ji-An (徐济安), Li Xiao-Dong (李晓东), Li Yan-Chun (李延春), Liu Jing (刘景) Structural and magnetic transition in stainless steel Fe-21Cr-6Ni-9Mn up to 250 GPa 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 066103

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