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Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(9): 097701    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/aba603
Special Issue: SPECIAL TOPIC — Physics in neuromorphic devices
TOPICAL REVIEW—Physics in neuromorphic devices Prev   Next  

Recent advances, perspectives, and challenges inferroelectric synapses

Bo-Bo Tian(田博博)1, Ni Zhong(钟妮)1, Chun-Gang Duan(段纯刚)1,2
1 Key Laboratory of Polar Materials and Devices(MOE), Department of Electronics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China;
2 Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme Optics, Shanxi University, Shanxi 030006, China
Abstract  The multiple ferroelectric polarization tuned by external electric field could be used to simulate the biological synaptic weight. Ferroelectric synaptic devices have two advantages compared with other reported ones: One is that the intrinsic switching of ferroelectric domains without invoking of defect migration as in resistive oxides, contributes reliable performance in these ferroelectric synapses. Another tremendous advantage is the extremely low energy consumption because the ferroelectric polarization is manipulated by electric field which eliminates the Joule heating by current as in magnetic and phase change memories. Ferroelectric synapses have potential for the construction of low-energy and effective brain-like intelligent networks. Here we summarize recent pioneering work of ferroelectric synapses involving the structure of ferroelectric tunnel junctions (FTJs), ferroelectric diodes (FDs), and ferroelectric field effect transistors (FeFETs), respectively, and shed light on future work needed to accelerate their application for efficient neural network.
Keywords:  ferroelectric      synapse      ferroelectric tunnel junctions      ferroelectric field effect transistors  
Received:  11 May 2020      Revised:  08 July 2020      Published:  05 September 2020
PACS:  77.22.Ej (Polarization and depolarization)  
  77.80.Dj (Domain structure; hysteresis)  
  87.19.lg (Synapses: chemical and electrical (gap junctions))  
  75.85.+t (Magnetoelectric effects, multiferroics)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61804055), "Chenguang Program" supported by Shanghai Education Development Foundation and Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, China (Grant No. 17CG24), and Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Action Plan, China (Grant No. 19JC1416700).
Corresponding Authors:  Bo-Bo Tian, Chun-Gang Duan     E-mail:  bbtian@ee.ecnu.edu.cn;cgduan@clpm.ecnu.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Bo-Bo Tian(田博博), Ni Zhong(钟妮), Chun-Gang Duan(段纯刚) Recent advances, perspectives, and challenges inferroelectric synapses 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 097701

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