Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2019, Vol. 28(2): 026101    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/2/026101

Enhanced structural and magnetic properties of microwave sintered Li-Ni-Co ferrites prepared by sol-gel method

Nandeibam Nilima1, M Maisnam2, Sumitra Phanjoubam3
1 Department of Physics, Oriental College, Takyel, Imphal-795001, India;
2 Department of Physics, NIT Manipur, Langol, Imphal-795004, India;
3 Department of Physics, Manipur University, Canchipur, Imphal-795003, India
Abstract  The properties of lithium ferrites are very sensitive to chemical composition, synthesis method, and sintering techniques. Li-Ni-Co ferrites with compositional formula Li0.45-0.5xNi0.1CoxFe2.45-0.5xO4, where 0.00 ≤ x ≤ 0.1 in steps of 0.02 were prepared by chemical sol-gel method and sintered by microwave sintering technique. The x-ray diffraction patterns confirmed the formation of single phase with spinel structure in all the samples. The structural parameter viz. lattice constant, crystallite size, and x-ray density for these samples were studied and compared with those measured from samples of similar composition prepared by the sol-gel method and sintered by conventional sintering technique. Enhancement in the magnetic properties like Curie temperature, hysteresis parameters was observed by employing sol-gel synthesis combined with microwave sintering. The results obtained and mechanisms involved are discussed in the paper.
Keywords:  lithium ferrites      sol-gel chemistry      magnetic properties      x-ray diffraction  
Received:  19 November 2018      Revised:  05 December 2018      Published:  05 February 2019
PACS:  61.05.cp (X-ray diffraction)  
  75.60.Ej (Magnetization curves, hysteresis, Barkhausen and related effects)  
  75.60.Ch (Domain walls and domain structure)  
  81.20.Fw (Sol-gel processing, precipitation)  
Corresponding Authors:  M Maisnam     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Nandeibam Nilima, M Maisnam, Sumitra Phanjoubam Enhanced structural and magnetic properties of microwave sintered Li-Ni-Co ferrites prepared by sol-gel method 2019 Chin. Phys. B 28 026101

[1] Baba P D, Argentina G M, Courtney W E, Dionne G F and Temme D H 1972 IEEE Trans. Magn. Mag. 8 83
[2] Kishan P 1993 Microwave Materials p. 141
[3] Argentina G M and Baba P D 1974 IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Techniq. 22 652
[4] Li J, Zhang H W, Li Y X, Liu Y L and Ma Y B 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 017501
[5] Gao L Q, Yu G J, Wang Y and Wei F L 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 027503
[6] Nilima N, Maisnam M and Phanjoubam S 2017 Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 31 1750083
[7] Reddy P V B, Ramesh B and Reddy Ch G 2010 Physica B 405 1852
[8] Maisnam M, Nilima N, Victory M and Phanjoubam S 2016 Bull. Mater. Sci. 39 249
[9] Han Z Q, Liao Y and Feng T 2008 Proc. 10th Int. Conf. Ferrites p. 336
[10] Patankar K K 2014 Int. Lett. Chem. Phys. Astron. 1 1
[11] Tsakaloudi V, Papazoglou and Zaspalis V T 2004 Mater. Sci. Eng. B 106 289
[12] Murthy S R 2003 Bull. Mater. Sci. 26 499
[13] Maisnam M, Phanjoubam S, Kumar P, Juneja J K, Ashok Kumar and Prakash C Integrated Ferroelectrics 122 31
[14] Nilima N, Maisnam N and Phanjoubam S 2015 Int. J. Eng. Innov. Res. 4 415
[15] Soohoo R F 1960 Theory and application of ferrites (New Jersey: Prentice Hall) p. 109
[16] Cullity B D 1956 Elements of X-ray diffraction (Massachusetts: Addison Wesley Publ. Co. Inc. Reading) p. 352
[17] Agarwal D 1997 J. Mater. Educ. 19 49
[18] Yadoji P, Peelamedu R, Agrawal D and Roy R 2003 Mater. Sci. Eng. B 98 269
[19] Verma S, Chand J and Singh M 2013 Adv. Mater. Lett. 4 310
[20] Maaz K, Karim S, Mumtaz A, Hasanain S K, Liu J and Duan J L 2009 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 321 1838
[21] Neel L 1948 Ann. Phys. 3 137
[22] Gilleo M A 1958 Phys. Rev. 109 777
[23] Gilleo M A 1960 J. Phys. Chem. Solids 13 33
[24] Prakash C and Baijal J S 1984 Solid State Commun. 50 557
[25] Devi L R, Phanjoubam S, Sharma H N K and Prakash C 2000 Mater. Lett. 44 65
[26] Blasse G 1964 Phillips Res. Rep. Einthoven. 3 124
[27] Maisnam M, Phanjoubam S, Sharma H N K, Devi L R, Thakur O P and Prakash C 2004 Mater. Lett. 58 2412
[28] Maisnam M, Phanjoubam S, Sharma H N K, Devi L R, Thakur O P and Prakash C 2005 Proceedings of the DAE Solid Physics Symposium India, p. 865
[29] Dubley G B, Richert R and Steigman A E 2015 Chemi. Sci. 6 2144
[30] White G O and Patton C E 1979 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 9 299
[1] Magnetic properties and promising cryogenic magneto-caloric performances of Gd20Ho20Tm20Cu20Ni20 amorphous ribbons
Yikun Zhang(张义坤), Bingbing Wu(吴兵兵), Dan Guo(郭丹), Jiang Wang(王江), and Zhongming Ren(任忠鸣). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(1): 017501.
[2] Electronic structures, magnetic properties, and martensitic transformation in all-d-metal Heusler-like alloys Cd2MnTM(TM=Fe, Ni, Cu)
Yong Li(李勇), Peng Xu(徐鹏), Xiaoming Zhang(张小明), Guodong Liu(刘国栋), Enke Liu(刘恩克), Lingwei Li(李领伟). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(8): 087101.
[3] Gd impurity effect on the magnetic and electronic properties of hexagonal Sr ferrites: A case study by DFT
Masomeh Taghipour, Mohammad Yousefi, Reza Fazaeli, Masoud Darvishganji. Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(7): 077505.
[4] Structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of quaternary Heusler CrZrCoZ compounds: A first-principles study
Xiao-Ping Wei(魏小平), Tie-Yi Cao(曹铁义), Xiao-Wei Sun(孙小伟), Qiang Gao(高强), Peifeng Gao(高配峰), Zhi-Lei Gao(高治磊), Xiao-Ma Tao(陶小马). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(7): 077105.
[5] Degenerate antiferromagnetic states in spinel oxide LiV2O4
Ben-Chao Gong(龚本超), Huan-Cheng Yang(杨焕成), Kui Jin(金魁), Kai Liu(刘凯), Zhong-Yi Lu(卢仲毅). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(7): 077508.
[6] Effect of deposition temperature on SrFe12O19@carbonyl iron core-shell composites as high-performance microwave absorbers
Yuan Liu(刘渊), Rong Li(李茸), Ying Jia(贾瑛), Zhen-Xin He(何祯鑫). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(6): 067701.
[7] Three- and two-dimensional calculations for the interface anisotropy dependence of magnetic properties of exchange-spring Nd2Fe14B/α-Fe multilayers with out-of-plane easy axes
Qian Zhao(赵倩), Xin-Xin He(何鑫鑫), Francois-Jacques Morvan(李文瀚), Guo-Ping Zhao(赵国平), Zhu-Bai Li(李柱柏). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(3): 037501.
[8] Electronic shell study of prolate Lin(n =15-17) clusters: Magnetic superatomic molecules
Lijuan Yan(闫丽娟), Jianmei Shao(邵健梅), and Yongqiang Li(李永强). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(12): 125101.
[9] High performance RE–Fe–B sintered magnets with high-content misch metal by double main phase process
Yan-Li Liu(刘艳丽), Qiang Ma(马强), Xin Wang(王鑫), Jian-Jun Zhou(周建军), Tong-Yun Zhao(赵同云), Feng-Xia Hu(胡凤霞), Ji-Rong Sun(孙继荣), and Bao-Gen Shen(沈保根)†. Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(10): 107504.
[10] Magnetic properties of the double perovskite compound Sr2YRuO6
N. EL Mekkaoui, S. Idrissi, S. Mtougui, I. EL Housni, R. Khalladi, S. Ziti, H. Labrim, L. Bahmad. Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(9): 097503.
[11] Isostructural phase transition-induced bulk modulus multiplication in dopant-stabilized ZrO2 solid solution
Min Wang(王敏), Wen-Shu Shen(沈文舒), Xiao-Dong Li(李晓东), Yan-Chun Li(李延春), Guo-Zhao Zhang(张国召), Cai-Long Liu(刘才龙), Lin Zhao(赵琳), Shu-Peng Lv(吕舒鹏), Chun-Xiao Gao(高春晓), Yong-Hao Han(韩永昊). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(7): 076109.
[12] Characterization of structural transitions and lattice dynamics of hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite CH3NH3PbI3
Feng Jin(金峰), Jian-Ting Ji(籍建葶), Chao Xie(谢超), Yi-Meng Wang(王艺朦), Shu-Na He(贺淑娜), Lei Zhang(张磊), Zhao-Rong Yang(杨昭荣), Feng Yan(严锋), Qing-Ming Zhang(张清明). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(7): 076102.
[13] Semiconductor-metal transition in GaAs nanowires under high pressure
Yi-Lan Liang(梁艺蓝), Zhen Yao(姚震), Xue-Tong Yin(殷雪彤), Peng Wang(王鹏), Li-Xia Li(李利霞), Dong Pan(潘东), Hai-Yan Li(李海燕), Quan-Jun Li(李全军), Bing-Bing Liu(刘冰冰), Jian-Hua Zhao(赵建华). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(7): 076401.
[14] Low temperature Pmmm and C2/m phases in Sr2CuO3+δ high temperature superconductor
Hai-Bo Wang(王海波), Zhen-Lin Luo(罗震林), Yuan-Jun Yang(杨远俊), Qing-Qing Liu(刘清青), Si-Xia Hu(胡思侠), Meng-Meng Yang(杨蒙蒙), Chang-Qing Jin(靳常青), Chen Gao(高琛). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(5): 056103.
[15] Off-axis electron holography of manganite-based heterojunctions: Interface potential and charge distribution
Zhi-Bin Ling(令志斌), Gui-Ju Liu(刘桂菊), Cheng-Peng Yang(杨成鹏), Wen-Shuang Liang(梁文双), Yi-Qian Wang(王乙潜). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(4): 046101.
No Suggested Reading articles found!