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Chin. Phys. B, 2018, Vol. 27(5): 055202    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/27/5/055202
PHYSICS OF GASES, PLASMAS, AND ELECTRIC DISCHARGES Prev   Next  

Characteristic plume morphologies of atmospheric Ar and He plasma jets excited by a pulsed microwave hairpin resonator

Zhao-Quan Chen(陈兆权)1, Ben-Kuan Zhou(周本宽)1, Huang Zhang(张煌)1, Ling-Li Hong(洪伶俐)1, Chang-Lin Zou(邹长林)1, Ping Li(李平)1, Wei-Dong Zhao(赵卫东)1, Xiao-Dong Liu(刘晓东)1, Olga Stepanova2, A A Kudryavtsev2
1 School of Electrical & Information Engineering, Anhui University of Technology, Maanshan 243032, China;
2 Faculty of Physics, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg 198504, Russia
Abstract  Different discharge morphologies in atmospheric Ar and He plasmas are excited by using a pulsed microwave hairpin resonator. Ar plasmas form an arched plasma plume at the opened end of the hairpin, whereas He plumes generate only a contracted plasmas in between both tips of metal electrodes. Despite this different point, their discharge processes have three similar characteristics:(i) the ionization occurs at the main electrode firstly and then develops to the slave electrode, (ii) during the shrinking stage the middle domain of the discharge channels disappears at last, and (iii) even at zero power input (in between pulses) a weak light region always exists in the discharge channels. Both experimental results and electromagnetic simulations suggest that the discharge is resonantly excited by the local enhanced electric fields. In addition, Ar ionization and excitation energies are lower than those of He, the effect of Ar gas flow is far greater than that of He gas, and the contribution of accelerated electrons only locates at the domain with the strongest electric fields. These reasons could be used to interpret the different characteristic plume morphologies of the proposed atmospheric Ar and He plasmas.
Keywords:  atmospheric pressure plasma jet      pulsed microwave discharge      surface plasmon polaritons      hairpin resonant discharge  
Received:  17 January 2018      Revised:  12 February 2018      Published:  05 May 2018
PACS:  52.35.Mw (Nonlinear phenomena: waves, wave propagation, and other interactions (including parametric effects, mode coupling, ponderomotive effects, etc.))  
  52.50.Sw (Plasma heating by microwaves; ECR, LH, collisional heating)  
  52.40.Fd (Plasma interactions with antennas; plasma-filled waveguides)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos.11575003 and 51607003).
Corresponding Authors:  Zhao-Quan Chen     E-mail:  qq66168@163.com

Cite this article: 

Zhao-Quan Chen(陈兆权), Ben-Kuan Zhou(周本宽), Huang Zhang(张煌), Ling-Li Hong(洪伶俐), Chang-Lin Zou(邹长林), Ping Li(李平), Wei-Dong Zhao(赵卫东), Xiao-Dong Liu(刘晓东), Olga Stepanova, A A Kudryavtsev Characteristic plume morphologies of atmospheric Ar and He plasma jets excited by a pulsed microwave hairpin resonator 2018 Chin. Phys. B 27 055202

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