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Chin. Phys. B, 2018, Vol. 27(12): 126202    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/27/12/126202
CONDENSED MATTER: STRUCTURAL, MECHANICAL, AND THERMAL PROPERTIES Prev   Next  

Shock temperature and reflectivity of precompressed H2O up to 350 GPa:Approaching the interior of planets

Zhi-Yu He(贺芝宇)1, Hua Shu(舒桦)1, Xiu-Guang Huang(黄秀光)1,2, Qi-Li Zhang(张其黎)3, Guo Jia(贾果)1, Fan Zhang(张帆)1, Yu-Chun Tu(涂昱淳)1, Jun-Yue Wang(王寯越)4, Jun-Jian Ye(叶君建)1, Zhi-Yong Xie(谢志勇)1, Zhi-Heng Fang(方智恒)1, Wen-Bing Pei(裴文兵)1,2, Si-Zu Fu(傅思祖)1,2
1 Shanghai Institute of Laser Plasma, CAEP, P. O. Box 800-229, Shanghai 201800, China;
2 IFSA Collaborative Innovation Center, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240, China;
3 Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088, China;
4 Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advance Research, Beijing 100094, China
Abstract  

Using a combination of static precompression and laser-driven shock compression, shock temperature and reflectivity of H2O have been measured up to 350 GPa and 2.1×104 K. Here, two calibration standards were applied to enhance temperature measurement reliability. Additionally, in temperature calculations, the discrepancy in reflectivity between active probe beam wavelength and self-emission wavelength has been taken into account to improve the data's precision. Precompressed water's temperature-pressure data are in very good agreement with our quantum molecular dynamics model, suggesting a superionic conductor of H2O in the icy planets' deep interior. A sluggish slope gradually approaching Dulong-Petit limit at high temperature was found at a specific heat capacity. Also, high reflectivity and conductivity were observed at the same state. By analyzing the temperature-pressure diagram, reflectivity, conductivity and specific heat comprehensively at conditions simulating the interior of planets in this work, we found that as the pressure rises, a change in ionization appears; it is supposedly attributed to energetics of bond-breaking in the H2O as it transforms from a bonded molecular fluid to an ionic state. Such molecular dissociation in H2O is associated with the conducting transition because the dissociated hydrogen atoms contribute to electrical properties.

Keywords:  high temperature measurement      equation of state of water      laser-driven shock      diamond anvil cell  
Received:  23 July 2018      Revised:  20 September 2018      Published:  05 December 2018
PACS:  62.50.-p (High-pressure effects in solids and liquids)  
  51.30.+i (Thermodynamic properties, equations of state)  
  64.30.-t (Equations of state of specific substances)  
  52.25.Kn (Thermodynamics of plasmas)  
Fund: 

Project supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFA0403200) and the Science Challenge Project (Grant No. TZ2016001).

Corresponding Authors:  Fan Zhang     E-mail:  innocentman001@163.com

Cite this article: 

Zhi-Yu He(贺芝宇), Hua Shu(舒桦), Xiu-Guang Huang(黄秀光), Qi-Li Zhang(张其黎), Guo Jia(贾果), Fan Zhang(张帆), Yu-Chun Tu(涂昱淳), Jun-Yue Wang(王寯越), Jun-Jian Ye(叶君建), Zhi-Yong Xie(谢志勇), Zhi-Heng Fang(方智恒), Wen-Bing Pei(裴文兵), Si-Zu Fu(傅思祖) Shock temperature and reflectivity of precompressed H2O up to 350 GPa:Approaching the interior of planets 2018 Chin. Phys. B 27 126202

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