Abstract We have systematically investigated the doping effect on the Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3Oy superconductive material. After entering into the crystal lattice, Pb and/or Sb atoms cause not only variations of the temperature condition during the sample preparation process, but also variations of structures and superconductivity. By analyzing the experimental results, we have come to the conclusion that the Pb and/or Sb atoms enter into the Bi-O planes, preferably occupy the sites of Bi ions, regulate the crystal structures and the distribution of oxygen ions in Bi-O planes and nearby lattice sites, thus benefiting the formation of the high-Tc phase and improving the superconductivity.
Received: 13 December 1995
Published: 20 March 1997
(Effects of crystal defects, doping and substitution)