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Chin. Phys. B, 2023, Vol. 32(3): 034207    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/acac19

Atomic optical spatial mode extractor for vector beams based on polarization-dependent absorption

Hong Chang(常虹)1,2, Xin Yang(杨欣)3, Jinwen Wang(王金文)3, Yan Ma(马燕)1,2, Xinqi Yang(杨鑫琪)1,2, Mingtao Cao(曹明涛)1,2,†, Xiaofei Zhang(张晓斐)1,2, Hong Gao(高宏)3, Ruifang Dong(董瑞芳)1,2,‡, and Shougang Zhang(张首刚)1,2,§
1 Key Laboratory of Time and Frequency Primary Standards, National Time Service Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710600, China;
2 School of Astronomy and Space Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3 Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Nonequilibrium Synthesis and Modulation of Condensed Matter, Shaanxi Province Key Laboratory of Quantum Information and Quantum Optoelectronic Devices, School of Physics, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China
Abstract  Vector beams with spiral phase and spatially varying polarization profiles have many applications from optical micromanipulation to materials processing. Here, we propose and demonstrate an atomic spatial mode extracting scheme for the vector beam based on polarization-dependent absorption in the atom vapor. By employing the linear polarization pump beam which induces polarization sensitive absorption in the atomic ensemble, a counter-propagated weak probe vector beam is extracted by spatial absorption, and extracted part still maintains the original polarization and the vortex phase. The topological charges of the extracted mode are verified by interfering with the Gaussian beam, and it can be found that the orbital angular momentum is conserved in the extracting process. Our work will have potential applications in non-destructive spatial mode identification, and is also useful for studying higher-dimensional quantum information based on atomic ensembles.
Keywords:  vector beam      polarization-dependent absorption      optical pumping  
Received:  02 November 2022      Revised:  06 December 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  16 December 2022
PACS:  42.50.-p (Quantum optics)  
  42.25.Ja (Polarization)  
  32.80.Qk (Coherent control of atomic interactions with photons)  
  82.53.Kp (Coherent spectroscopy of atoms and molecules)  
Corresponding Authors:  Mingtao Cao, Ruifang Dong, Shougang Zhang     E-mail:;;

Cite this article: 

Hong Chang(常虹), Xin Yang(杨欣), Jinwen Wang(王金文), Yan Ma(马燕), Xinqi Yang(杨鑫琪), Mingtao Cao(曹明涛), Xiaofei Zhang(张晓斐), Hong Gao(高宏), Ruifang Dong(董瑞芳), and Shougang Zhang(张首刚) Atomic optical spatial mode extractor for vector beams based on polarization-dependent absorption 2023 Chin. Phys. B 32 034207

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