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Chin. Phys. B, 2023, Vol. 32(5): 057504    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/acbaee

A spin-based magnetic scanning microscope for in-situ strain tuning of soft matter

Zhe Ding(丁哲)1,2, Yumeng Sun(孙豫蒙)1,2, Mengqi Wang(王孟祺)1,2, Pei Yu(余佩)1,2, Ningchong Zheng(郑宁冲)3,4,5,6, Yipeng Zang(臧一鹏)3,4,5,6, Pengfei Wang(王鹏飞)1,2,7, Ya Wang(王亚)1,2,7, Yuefeng Nie(聂越峰)3,4,5,6, Fazhan Shi(石发展)1,2,7,8,†, and Jiangfeng Du(杜江峰)1,2,7,‡
1 CAS Key Laboratory of Microscale Magnetic Resonance and School of Physical Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China;
2 CAS Center for Excellence in Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China;
3 National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
4 Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Artificial Functional Materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
5 College of Engineering and Applied Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
6 Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
7 Hefei National Laboratory, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230088, China;
8 School of Biomedical Engineering and Suzhou Institute for Advanced Research, University of Science and Technology of China, Suzhou 215123, China
Abstract  We present a magnetic scanning microscope equipped with a nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center scanning probe that has the ability to mechanically tune the strain of soft matter in-situ. The construction of the microscope and a continuous strain-tuning sample holder are discussed. An optically detected magnetic resonance protocol utilized in the imaging is described. In order to show the reliability of this microscope, the strain conduction is estimated with finite element simulation, and x-ray diffraction is required for calibration when freestanding crystal films are under consideration. A magnetic imaging result is displayed to demonstrate the nano-scale imaging capability. The microscope presented in this work is helpful in studying strain-coupled magnetic physics such as magnetic phase transition under strain and strain-tuned cycloidal orientation tilting.
Keywords:  nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center      antiferromagnetism      strain tuning      soft matter  
Received:  17 December 2022      Revised:  08 February 2023      Accepted manuscript online:  10 February 2023
PACS:  75.50.-y (Studies of specific magnetic materials)  
  75.75.-c (Magnetic properties of nanostructures)  
  07.79.-v (Scanning probe microscopes and components)  
  42.50.Dv (Quantum state engineering and measurements)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 81788101, T2125011, 11861161004, and 12104447), the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2018YFA0306600), the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant Nos. XDC07000000, GJJSTD20200001, QYZDY-SSW-SLH004, Y201984, and YSBR-068), Innovation Program for Quantum Science and Technology (Grant Nos. 2021ZD0303204 and 2021ZD0302200), the Anhui Initiative in Quantum Information Technologies (Grant No. AHY050000), Hefei Comprehensive National Science Center, China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2020M671858), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.
Corresponding Authors:  Fazhan Shi, Jiangfeng Du     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Zhe Ding(丁哲), Yumeng Sun(孙豫蒙), Mengqi Wang(王孟祺), Pei Yu(余佩), Ningchong Zheng(郑宁冲), Yipeng Zang(臧一鹏), Pengfei Wang(王鹏飞), Ya Wang(王亚), Yuefeng Nie(聂越峰), Fazhan Shi(石发展), and Jiangfeng Du(杜江峰) A spin-based magnetic scanning microscope for in-situ strain tuning of soft matter 2023 Chin. Phys. B 32 057504

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