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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(5): 054216    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac3cad

Temperature-responded tunable metalenses based on phase transition materials

Jing-Jun Wu(伍景军)1,2,3, Feng Tang(唐烽)3, Jun Ma(马骏)1,2, Bing Han(韩冰)1,2, Cong Wei(魏聪)1,2, Qing-Zhi Li(李青芝)3, Jun Chen(陈骏)3, Ning Zhang(张宁)3, Xin Ye(叶鑫)3,†, Wan-Guo Zheng(郑万国)4,‡, and Ri-Hong Zhu(朱日宏)1,2,§
1 School of Electronic and Optical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China;
2 MIIT Key Laboratory of Advanced Solid Laser, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China;
3 Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China;
4 IFSA Collaborative Innovation Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
Abstract  Once the metalenses are fabricated, the functions of most metalenses are invariable. The tunability and reconfigurability are useful and cost-saving for metalenses in realistic applications. We demonstrate this tunability here via a novel hybrid metalens with the strategic placement of an ultra-thin VO2 layer. The hybrid metalens is capable of dynamically modulating the focusing intensity of transmitted light at a wavelength of 1550 nm, and demonstrate a 42.28% focusing efficiency of the incident light and 70.01% modulation efficiency. The hybrid metalens' optothermal simulations show an optothermal conversion process of dynamic focusing, and a maximum laser density of 1.76×103 W/cm2 can be handled at an ambient temperature lower than 330 K. The hybrid metalens proposed in this work, a light-dose sensitive tunable smart metalens that can protect other instruments/systems or materials from being damaged, has its specific applications such as in anti-satellite blinding, bio-imaging, etc.
Keywords:  temperature-responded      tunable metalenses      phase change material VO2  
Received:  26 August 2021      Revised:  15 November 2021      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  42.79.Wc (Optical coatings)  
  42.88.+h (Environmental and radiation effects on optical elements, devices, and systems)  
  42.70.-a (Optical materials)  
  78.20.Bh (Theory, models, and numerical simulation)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.61875087) and the Innovation and Development Foundation of China Academy of Engineering Physics (Grant No.CX20200020).
Corresponding Authors:  Xin Ye,;Wan-Guo Zheng,E-mail:group;Ri-Hong Zhu,     E-mail:;;
About author:  2021-11-24

Cite this article: 

Jing-Jun Wu(伍景军), Feng Tang(唐烽), Jun Ma(马骏), Bing Han(韩冰), Cong Wei(魏聪), Qing-Zhi Li(李青芝), Jun Chen(陈骏), Ning Zhang(张宁), Xin Ye(叶鑫), Wan-Guo Zheng(郑万国), and Ri-Hong Zhu(朱日宏) Temperature-responded tunable metalenses based on phase transition materials 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 054216

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