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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(6): 068502    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abea8f

Reversible waveform conversion between microwave and optical fields in a hybrid opto-electromechanical system

Li-Guo Qin(秦立国)1,2, Zhong-Yang Wang(王中阳)2,†, Jie-Hui Huang(黄接辉)1, Li-Jun Tian(田立君)3, and Shang-Qing Gong(龚尚庆)4,‡
1 School of Mathematics, Physics and Statistics, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai 201620, China;
2 Shanghai Advanced Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China;
3 Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China;
4 Department of Physics, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
Abstract  We present a scheme of reversible waveform conversion between microwave and optical fields in the hybrid opto-electromechanical system. As an intermediate interface, nanomechanical resonator optomechanically couples both optomechanical cavities in the optical and microwave frequency domains. We find the double-optomechanically induced transparency and achieve coherent signal waveform bi-directional transfer between microwave and optical fields based on quantum interference. In addition, we give an analytical expression of one-to-one correspondence between the microwave field and the optical output field, which intuitively shows the reversible waveform conversion relationship. In particular, by numerical simulations and approximate expression, we demonstrate the conversion effects of the three waveforms and discuss the bi-directional conversion efficiency and the bandwidth. such a hybrid opto- and electro-mechanical device has significant potential functions for electro-optic modulation and waveform conversion of quantum microwave-optical field in optical communications and further quantum networks.
Keywords:  opto-electromechanical systems      photoelectric conversion      cavity quantum electrodynamics      opto-electromechanically induced transparency  
Received:  19 December 2020      Revised:  27 January 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  01 March 2021
PACS:  85.85.+j (Micro- and nano-electromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS) and devices)  
  84.60.Jt (Photoelectric conversion)  
  42.50.Pq (Cavity quantum electrodynamics; micromasers)  
  42.15.Eq (Optical system design)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61605225, 11774089, 12034007,11664018, and 61772295) and the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai, China (Grant No. 16ZR1448400).
Corresponding Authors:  Zhong-Yang Wang, Shang-Qing Gong     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Li-Guo Qin(秦立国), Zhong-Yang Wang(王中阳), Jie-Hui Huang(黄接辉), Li-Jun Tian(田立君), and Shang-Qing Gong(龚尚庆) Reversible waveform conversion between microwave and optical fields in a hybrid opto-electromechanical system 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 068502

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