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Chin. Phys. B, 2017, Vol. 26(4): 047202    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/26/4/047202

The origin of spin current in YIG/nonmagnetic metal multilayers at ferromagnetic resonance

Yun Kang(康韵)1, Hai Zhong(钟海)1, Runrun Hao(郝润润)1, Shujun Hu(胡树军)1, Shishou Kang(康仕寿)1, Guolei Liu(刘国磊)1, Yin Zhang(张引)2, Xiangrong Wang(王向荣)2, Shishen Yan(颜世申)1, Yong Wu(吴勇)3, Shuyun Yu(于淑云)1, Guangbing Han(韩广兵)1, Yong Jiang(姜勇)3, Liangmo Mei(梅良模)1
1 School of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Ji'nan 250100, China;
2 Physics Department, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China;
3 State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Abstract  Spin pumping in yttrium-iron-garnet (YIG)/nonmagnetic-metal (NM) layer systems under ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) conditions is a popular method of generating spin current in the NM layer. A good understanding of the spin current source is essential in extracting spin Hall angle of the NM and in potential spintronics applications. It is widely believed that spin current is pumped from precessing YIG magnetization into NM layer. Here, by combining microwave absorption and DC-voltage measurements on thin YIG/Pt and YIG/NM1/NM2 (NM1=Cu or Al, NM2=Pt or Ta), we unambiguously showed that spin current in NM, instead of from the precessing YIG magnetization, came from the magnetized NM surface (in contact with thin YIG), either due to the magnetic proximity effect (MPE) or from the inevitable diffused Fe ions from YIG to NM. This conclusion is reached through analyzing the FMR microwave absorption peaks with the DC-voltage peak from the inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE). The voltage signal is attributed to the magnetized NM surface, hardly observed in the conventional FMR experiments, and was greatly amplified when the electrical detection circuit was switched on.
Keywords:  spin current      spin pumping      inverse spin Hall effect      magnetic proximity effect      magnetic insulator  
Received:  27 February 2017      Revised:  06 March 2017      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  72.25.Mk (Spin transport through interfaces)  
  75.70.-i (Magnetic properties of thin films, surfaces, and interfaces)  
  76.50.+g (Ferromagnetic, antiferromagnetic, and ferrimagnetic resonances; spin-wave resonance)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant Nos. 2015CB921502 and 2013CB922303), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11474184, 116627805, and 11504203), and the 111 Project (Grant No. B13029). Zhang Yin and Wang Xiangrong were supported by the Hong Kong RGC Grants (Grant Nos. 16301816 and 605413). Wu Yong and Jiang Yong were supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51501007).
Corresponding Authors:  Shishou Kang, Xiangrong Wang     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Yun Kang(康韵), Hai Zhong(钟海), Runrun Hao(郝润润), Shujun Hu(胡树军), Shishou Kang(康仕寿), Guolei Liu(刘国磊), Yin Zhang(张引), Xiangrong Wang(王向荣), Shishen Yan(颜世申), Yong Wu(吴勇), Shuyun Yu(于淑云), Guangbing Han(韩广兵), Yong Jiang(姜勇), Liangmo Mei(梅良模) The origin of spin current in YIG/nonmagnetic metal multilayers at ferromagnetic resonance 2017 Chin. Phys. B 26 047202

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