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Chin. Phys. B, 2015, Vol. 24(3): 034202    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/24/3/034202

Spontaneous emission of “polarized” V-type three-level atoms strongly coupled with an optical cavity

Xue Yan-Li (薛艳丽), Zhu Shi-Deng (朱诗灯), Li Jia-Fang (李家方), Ding Wei (丁伟), Feng Bao-Hua (冯宝华), Li Zhi-Yuan (李志远)
Laboratory of Optical Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Abstract  Polarization, an intrinsic ingredient of photon, plays a critical role in its interaction with matter. A general polarization state can be an appropriate superposition of two basic polarization states, say, the vertical and horizontal linear polarized state. Here we study spontaneous emission of a V-type three-level atom (with two upper states close in energy level) strongly coupled with a single-mode damped optical cavity. By defining a general polarization state of atom as a specific superposition of the two upper quantum states, we can prepare atoms with linear polarization at arbitrary direction, left and right circular polarization, and left and right elliptical polarization, similar to photons. We find that the spontaneous emission of light from these “polarized” three-level atoms shows very different profiles of side and axis spectra. This means that the polarization state of three-level atoms can become an active ingredient to manipulate its interaction with light and control the quantum interference effect. Exploitation of the coherent superposition and interference of quantum states in “polarized” atoms would allow one to deeply explore new frontiers of light-matter interaction.
Keywords:  spontaneous emission      polarization state      three-level atoms  
Received:  09 September 2014      Revised:  06 November 2014      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  42.50.Pq (Cavity quantum electrodynamics; micromasers)  
  42.50.Gy (Effects of atomic coherence on propagation, absorption, and Amplification of light; electromagnetically induced transparency and Absorption)  
  32.80.Qk (Coherent control of atomic interactions with photons)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Basic Research Foundation of China (Grant No. 2011CB922002).
Corresponding Authors:  Li Zhi-Yuan     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Xue Yan-Li (薛艳丽), Zhu Shi-Deng (朱诗灯), Li Jia-Fang (李家方), Ding Wei (丁伟), Feng Bao-Hua (冯宝华), Li Zhi-Yuan (李志远) Spontaneous emission of “polarized” V-type three-level atoms strongly coupled with an optical cavity 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 034202

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