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Chin. Phys. B, 2015, Vol. 24(3): 030201    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/24/3/030201
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Nonlocal symmetries and negative hierarchies related to bilinear Bäcklund transformation

Hu Xiao-Ruia, Chen Yongb
a Department of Applied Mathematics, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China;
b Shanghai Key Laboratory of Trustworthy Computing, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
Abstract  

In this paper, nonlocal symmetries defined by bilinear Bäcklund transformation for bilinear potential KdV (pKdV) equation are obtained. By introducing an auxiliary variable which just satisfies the Schwartzian form of KdV (SKdV) equation, the nonlocal symmetry is localized and the Levi transformation is presented. Besides, based on three different types of nonlocal symmetries for potential KdV equation, three sets of negative pKdV hierarchies along with their bilinear forms are constructed. An impressive result is that the coefficients of the third type of (bilinear) negative pKdV hierarchy (N>0) are variable, which are obtained via introducing an arbitrary parameter by considering the translation invariance of the pKdV equation.

Keywords:  nonlocal symmetry      bilinear Bä      cklund transformation      finite transformation      negative hierarchy  
Received:  22 July 2014      Revised:  15 October 2014      Published:  05 March 2015
PACS:  02.30.Ik (Integrable systems)  
  02.20.-a (Group theory)  
  04.20.Jb (Exact solutions)  
Fund: 

Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang Province, China (Grant No. LQ13A010014), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11326164, 11401528, and 11275072), and the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 20120076110024).

Corresponding Authors:  Hu Xiao-Rui     E-mail:  baqi2002@163.com

Cite this article: 

Hu Xiao-Rui, Chen Yong Nonlocal symmetries and negative hierarchies related to bilinear Bäcklund transformation 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 030201

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