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Chin. Phys. B, 2015, Vol. 24(1): 014208    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/24/1/014208
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — Ultrafast intense laser science
TOPICAL REVIEW—Ultrafast intense laser science Prev   Next  

Femtosecond filamentation induced fluorescence technique for atmospheric sensing

Yuan Shuaia b c, Chin See Leangc, Zeng He-Pinga b
a Shanghai Key Laboratory of Modern Optical System, Engineering Research Center of Optical Instrument and System, Ministry of Education, School of Optical-Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China;
b State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
c Centre d'Optique, Photonique et Laser (COPL) and Département de Physique, de Génie Physique et d'Optique, Université Laval, Québec, Québec G1V 0A6, Canada
Abstract  

Recent progress in filament-induced atmospheric sensing is reviewed. Self-guided propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in air induces laser filamentation. All molecules in the path of a filament can be dissociated into highly excited fragments, resulting in emission of characteristic fluorescence spectra. The fluorescence spectra provide information about the various molecules in the filaments. By using a filament-induced “fingerprinting” fluorescence technique, molecules in the atmosphere can be identified.

Keywords:  femtosecond laser      filamentation      remote sensing  
Received:  10 June 2014      Revised:  09 December 2014      Published:  05 January 2015
PACS:  42.62.Fi (Laser spectroscopy)  
  42.65.-k (Nonlinear optics)  
  52.38.Hb (Self-focussing, channeling, and filamentation in plasmas)  
Fund: 

Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2011CB808105), the International Science and Technology Collaboration Program, China (Grant Nos. 2010DFA04410 and 11530700900), the National Key Scientific Instrument Project (Grant No. 2012YQ150092), and the Canada Research Chair, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Foundation for Innovation, Canadian Institute for Photonics Innovation and le FQRNT.

Corresponding Authors:  Zeng He-Ping     E-mail:  hpzeng@phy.ecnu.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Yuan Shuai, Chin See Leang, Zeng He-Ping Femtosecond filamentation induced fluorescence technique for atmospheric sensing 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 014208

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