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Chin. Phys. B, 2018, Vol. 27(8): 085203    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/27/8/085203

Properties of long light filaments in natural environment

Shi-You Chen(陈式有)1,2, Hao Teng(滕浩)1,2, Xin Lu(鲁欣)1,2, Zong-Wei Shen(沈忠伟)1,5, Shuang Qin(秦爽)1,2, Wen-Shou Wei(魏文寿)3, Rong-Yi Chen(陈荣毅)3, Li-Ming Chen(陈黎明)1,2,4, Yu-Tong Li(李玉同)1,2,4, Zhi-Yi Wei(魏志义)1,2
1 Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
2 School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sicences, Beijing 100049, China;
3 Institute of Desert Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Urumqi 830002, China;
4 IFSA Collaborative Innovation Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China;
5 School of Instrumentation Science and Optoelectronics Engineering, Beijing Information Science & Technology University, Beijing 100192, China

The multiple filamentation of terawatt femtosecond (fs) laser pulses is experimentally studied in a natural environment. A more than 30-m long plasma filament with a millimeter diameter is formed by the collimated fs laser pulse freely propagating in an open atmosphere. This study provides the first quantitative experimental data about the electron density of a long range light filament in the atmosphere. The electron density of such a filament is quantitatively detected by using an electric method, showing that it is at the 1011-cm-3 level.

Keywords:  laser-plasma interactions      filamentation      propagation  
Received:  30 March 2018      Revised:  14 May 2018      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  52.38.-r (Laser-plasma interactions)  
  52.38.Hb (Self-focussing, channeling, and filamentation in plasmas)  
  42.25.Bs (Wave propagation, transmission and absorption)  

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11574387, 11404335, 11474002, and 11535001), the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant Nos. 2013CBA01501 and 2013CB922401), the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grants Nos. XDB16010200 and XDB07030300), and the Science Challenge Project, China (Grant No. TZ2016005).

Corresponding Authors:  Xin Lu, Zhi-Yi Wei     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Shi-You Chen(陈式有), Hao Teng(滕浩), Xin Lu(鲁欣), Zong-Wei Shen(沈忠伟), Shuang Qin(秦爽), Wen-Shou Wei(魏文寿), Rong-Yi Chen(陈荣毅), Li-Ming Chen(陈黎明), Yu-Tong Li(李玉同), Zhi-Yi Wei(魏志义) Properties of long light filaments in natural environment 2018 Chin. Phys. B 27 085203

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