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Chin. Phys., 2004, Vol. 13(8): 1291-1295    DOI: 10.1088/1009-1963/13/8/019
CLASSICAL AREAS OF PHENOMENOLOGY Prev   Next  

General demonstration of principal states of polarization and real-time monitoring of polarization mode dispersion in optical fibres

Dong Huia, Fu Song-Niana, Wu Chong-Qingb
a School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China; b School of Science, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
Abstract  We investigated the general properties of polarization effects in optical fibres and demonstrated the existence of so-called principal states of polarization (PSP), which mean the fixed points in mathematics, in different polarization effects, such as birefringence and polarization mode dispersion, by using fixed point theory. Furthermore, a time evolution vector is defined to describe the time evolution of polarization state in optical fibres, which is used to investigate the time evolution of polarization mode dispersion vector (PDV), including differential group delay and PSP. The experimental results of real-time monitoring of PDV by using this method are reported. To our knowledge, this is the first report on monitoring PSP evolution in optical fibres.
Keywords:  principal states of polarization      polarization mode dispersion      birefringence      time evolution vector  
Received:  28 October 2003      Revised:  12 April 2004      Published:  22 June 2005
PACS:  42.81.Gs (Birefringence, polarization)  
  42.81.Dp (Propagation, scattering, and losses; solitons)  
  42.79.Sz (Optical communication systems, multiplexers, and demultiplexers?)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No 60272010) and by the High Technology Development Programme of China (Grant No 2003AA122510).

Cite this article: 

Dong Hui, Wu Chong-Qing, Fu Song-Nian General demonstration of principal states of polarization and real-time monitoring of polarization mode dispersion in optical fibres 2004 Chin. Phys. 13 1291

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