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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(7): 078703    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abe1a2

Magnetic-resonance image segmentation based on improved variable weight multi-resolution Markov random field in undecimated complex wavelet domain

Hong Fan(范虹)1,†, Yiman Sun(孙一曼)1, Xiaojuan Zhang(张效娟)2, Chengcheng Zhang(张程程)1, Xiangjun Li(李向军)3, and Yi Wang(王乙)4
1 School of Computer Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China;
2 School of Computer Science, Qinghai Normal University, Xining 810003, China;
3 School of Information Engineering, Xi'an University, Xi'an 710065, China;
4 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
Abstract  To solve the problem that the magnetic resonance (MR) image has weak boundaries, large amount of information, and low signal-to-noise ratio, we propose an image segmentation method based on the multi-resolution Markov random field (MRMRF) model. The algorithm uses undecimated dual-tree complex wavelet transformation to transform the image into multiple scales. The transformed low-frequency scale histogram is used to improve the initial clustering center of the K-means algorithm, and then other cluster centers are selected according to the maximum distance rule to obtain the coarse-scale segmentation. The results are then segmented by the improved MRMRF model. In order to solve the problem of fuzzy edge segmentation caused by the gray level inhomogeneity of MR image segmentation under the MRMRF model, it is proposed to introduce variable weight parameters in the segmentation process of each scale. Furthermore, the final segmentation results are optimized. We name this algorithm the variable-weight multi-resolution Markov random field (VWMRMRF). The simulation and clinical MR image segmentation verification show that the VWMRMRF algorithm has high segmentation accuracy and robustness, and can accurately and stably achieve low signal-to-noise ratio, weak boundary MR image segmentation.
Keywords:  undecimated dual-tree complex wavelet      MR image segmentation      multi-resolution Markov random field model  
Received:  21 October 2020      Revised:  14 January 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  01 February 2021
PACS:  87.57.N- (Image analysis)  
  87.61.-c (Magnetic resonance imaging)  
  87.63.lm (Image enhancement)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11471004), and the Key Research and Development Program of Shaanxi Province, China (Grant No. 2018SF-251).
Corresponding Authors:  Hong Fan     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Hong Fan(范虹), Yiman Sun(孙一曼), Xiaojuan Zhang(张效娟), Chengcheng Zhang(张程程), Xiangjun Li(李向军), and Yi Wang(王乙) Magnetic-resonance image segmentation based on improved variable weight multi-resolution Markov random field in undecimated complex wavelet domain 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 078703

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