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Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(12): 128102    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abc0d8

Morphological modifications of C60 crystal rods under hydrothermal conditions

Ming-Run Du(杜明润)1, Shi-Xin Liu(刘士鑫)1, Jia-Jun Dong(董家君)2, Ze-Peng Li(李泽朋)1,†, Ming-Chao Wang (王明超)1, Tong Wei(魏通)1, Qing-Jun Zhou(周青军)1, Xiong Yang(杨雄)1, and Peng-fei Shen(申鹏飞)3
1 College of Science, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China; 2 State Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials, College of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China; 3 Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 519055, China
Abstract  We observed morphological modification of rod-shaped C60 solvate crystals using a facile hydrothermal method. The initial C60 rods were changed from smooth rods to rough rods, porous rods or pieces under different hydrothermal conditions. During the hydrothermal treatment, the initial samples underwent a decomposition-recrystallization process, which can be tuned by the content of alcohol in the hydrothermal solution, thereby leading to modification of the morphological properties of the initial C60 rods. In addition, the rough and porous C60 rods prepared in our work exhibit excellent photoluminescence intensities that are approximately 7 and 3 times higher than those of pure C60 powders, respectively. Our results suggest that the hydrothermal method is a potential route for fabricating fullerene materials with controllable morphologies and novel functions.
Keywords:  fullerene crystals      morphological modification      porous materials      hydrothermal method  
Received:  08 June 2020      Revised:  28 August 2020      Accepted manuscript online:  14 October 2020
PACS:  81.05.ub (Fullerenes and related materials)  
  81.10.-h (Methods of crystal growth; physics and chemistry of crystal growth, crystal morphology, and orientation)  
  81.05.Rm (Porous materials; granular materials)  
  61.48.-c (Structure of fullerenes and related hollow and planar molecular structures)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11804384, 51802343, and 51772326), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (Grant No. 3122018L006), the Scientific Research Project of Tianjin Education Commission (Grant No. 2019ZD19), the National Natural Science Foundation of China and the Civil Aviation Administration of China (Grant No. U1933109), and Open Project of State Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials (Jilin University) (Grant No. 201803).
Corresponding Authors:  Corresponding author. E-mail:   

Cite this article: 

Ming-Run Du(杜明润), Shi-Xin Liu(刘士鑫), Jia-Jun Dong(董家君), Ze-Peng Li(李泽朋), Ming-Chao Wang (王明超), Tong Wei(魏通), Qing-Jun Zhou(周青军), Xiong Yang(杨雄), and Peng-fei Shen(申鹏飞) Morphological modifications of C60 crystal rods under hydrothermal conditions 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 128102

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