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Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(12): 124204    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abbbeb

High-dimensional atomic microscopy in surface plasmon polaritons

Akhtar Munir1,2,†, Abdul Wahab1,2, and Munsif Jan3,4,
1 Synergetic Innovation Center of Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China;  2 Shanghai Branch, National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, University of Science and Technology of China, Shanghai 201315, China;  3 Key Laboratory of Quantum Information of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China;  4 CAS Center for Excellence in Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
Abstract  We develop a new scheme of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) atom localization via absorption and gain spectra of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in a closed loop four-level atomic system. For the atom-field interaction, we construct a spatially dependent field by superimposing two (three) standing-wave fields (SWFs) in 2D (3D) atom localization, respectively. We achieve high-precision and high spatial resolution of an atom localization by appropriately adjusting the system parameters such as probe field detuning and phase shifts of the SWFs. The absorption and gain spectra are used to attain information about the position of an atom in SPPs. Our proposed scheme opens up a fascinating way to improve the atom localization that supplies some practical applications in a high-dimensional SPPs.
Keywords:  atom localization      absorption and gain spectra      four-level atomic system  
Received:  18 June 2020      Revised:  16 August 2020      Accepted manuscript online:  28 September 2020
PACS:  42.50.Gy (Effects of atomic coherence on propagation, absorption, and Amplification of light; electromagnetically induced transparency and Absorption)  
Fund: Project supported by CAS-TWAS Presidential fellowship and Chinese Scholarship Council (CSC) fellowship.
Corresponding Authors:  Corresponding author. E-mail:; Corresponding author. E-mail:   

Cite this article: 

Akhtar Munir, Abdul Wahab, and Munsif Jan High-dimensional atomic microscopy in surface plasmon polaritons 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 124204

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