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Chin. Phys. B, 2011, Vol. 20(7): 077802    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/20/7/077802

Evolution of infrared spectra and optical emission spectra in hydrogenated silicon thin films prepared by VHF-PECVD

Hou Guo-Fu(侯国付), Geng Xin-Hua(耿新华), Zhang Xiao-Dan(张晓丹), Sun Jian(孙建), Zhang Jian-Jun(张建军), and Zhao Ying(赵颖)
Institute of Photo-electronics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
Abstract  A series of hydrogenated silicon thin films with varying silane concentrations have been deposited by using very high frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (VHF-PECVD) method. The deposition process and the silicon thin films are studied by using optical emission spectroscopy (OES) and Fourier transfer infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, respectively. The results show that when the silane concentration changes from 10% to 1%, the peak frequency of the Si—H stretching mode shifts from 2000 cm - 1 to 2100 cm - 1, while the peak frequency of the Si—H wagging—rocking mode shifts from 650 cm - 1 to 620 cm - 1. At the same time the SiH*/Hα intensity ratio in the plasma decreases gradually. The evolution of the infrared spectra and the optical emission spectra demonstrates a morphological phase transition from amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) to microcrystalline silicon (μc-Si:H). The structural evolution and the μc-Si:H formation have been analyzed based on the variation of H$\alpha$ and SiH* intensities in the plasma. The role of oxygen impurity during the plasma process and in the silicon films is also discussed in this study.
Keywords:  Fourier transfer infrared spectroscopy      optical emission spectroscopy      Si—H bonding configuration      oxygen impurity  
Received:  23 September 2010      Revised:  11 February 2011      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  78.30.-j (Infrared and Raman spectra)  
  81.15.Gh (Chemical vapor deposition (including plasma-enhanced CVD, MOCVD, ALD, etc.))  
  68.55.A- (Nucleation and growth)  
  73.63.Bd (Nanocrystalline materials)  

Cite this article: 

Hou Guo-Fu(侯国付), Geng Xin-Hua(耿新华), Zhang Xiao-Dan(张晓丹), Sun Jian(孙建), Zhang Jian-Jun(张建军), and Zhao Ying(赵颖) Evolution of infrared spectra and optical emission spectra in hydrogenated silicon thin films prepared by VHF-PECVD 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 077802

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