Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(9): 097404    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/aba2df
Special Issue: SPECIAL TOPIC —Terahertz physics
TOPICAL REVIEW—Terahertz physics Prev   Next  

Recent advances in generation of terahertz vortex beams andtheir applications

Honggeng Wang(王弘耿)1,2, Qiying Song(宋其迎)1, Yi Cai(蔡懿)1, Qinggang Lin(林庆钢)1, Xiaowei Lu(陆小微)1, Huangcheng Shangguan(上官煌城)1, Yuexia Ai(艾月霞)1, Shixiang Xu(徐世祥)1
1 Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Micro-Nano Photonic Information Technology, College of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China;
2 Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems and Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
Abstract  Last decade has witnessed a rapid development of the generation of terahertz (THz) vortex beams as well as their wide applications, mainly due to their unique combination characteristics of regular THz radiation and orbital angular momentum (OAM). Here we have reviewed the ways to generate THz vortex beams by two representative scenarios, i.e., THz wavefront modulation via specific devices, and direct excitation of the helicity of THz vortex beams. The former is similar to those wavefront engineering devices in the optical and infrared (IR) domain, but just with suitable THz materials, while the latter is newly-developed in THz regime and some of the physical mechanisms still have not been explained explicitly enough though, which would provide both challenges and opportunities for THz vortex beam generation. As for their applications, thanks to the recent development of THz optics and singular optics, THz vortex beams have potentials to open doors towards a myriad of practice applications in many fields. Besides, some representative potential applications are evaluated such as THz wireless communication, THz super-resolution imaging, manipulating chiral matters, accelerating electron bunches, and detecting astrophysical sources.
Keywords:  terahertz vortex beams      wavefront modulation      orbital angular momentum      nonlinear optics  
Received:  13 May 2020      Revised:  24 June 2020      Published:  05 September 2020
PACS:  74.25.Uv (Vortex phases (includes vortex lattices, vortex liquids, and vortex glasses))  
  87.56.jk (Field shaping)  
  42.65.-k (Nonlinear optics)  
Fund: Project supported partly by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61775142 and 61705132) and Shenzhen Fundamental Research and Discipline Layout Project, China (Grant Nos. JCYJ20170412105812811, JCYJ20190808164007485, JCYJ20190808121817100, and JCYJ20190808115601653).
Corresponding Authors:  Xiaowei Lu, Shixiang Xu     E-mail:  xiaoweilu@szu.edu.cn;shxxu@szu.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Honggeng Wang(王弘耿), Qiying Song(宋其迎), Yi Cai(蔡懿), Qinggang Lin(林庆钢), Xiaowei Lu(陆小微), Huangcheng Shangguan(上官煌城), Yuexia Ai(艾月霞), Shixiang Xu(徐世祥) Recent advances in generation of terahertz vortex beams andtheir applications 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 097404

[1] Zhang X C, Shkurinov A and Zhang Y 2017 Nat. Photon. 11 16
[2] Pererira M F and Shulika O V 2014 Terahertz and Mid Infrared Radiation: Detection of Explosives and CBRN (Using Terahertz) (Netherlands: Springer)
[3] Lewis R A 2014 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 47 374001
[4] Zhang C, Deng L, Zhu J, Hong W, Wang L, Yang W and Li S 2018 Materials 11 1054
[5] Kampfrath T, Tanaka K and Nelson K A 2013 Nat. Photon. 7 680
[6] Koenig S, Lopez-Diaz D, Antes J, Boes F, Henneberger R, Leuther A, Tessmann A, Schmogrow R, Hillerkuss D, Palmer R, Zwick T, Koos C, Freude W, Ambacher O, Leuthold J and Kallfass I 2013 Nat. Photon. 7 977
[7] Pickwell E and Wallace V P 2006 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39 R301
[8] Miyamoto K, Kang B J, Kim W T, Sasaki Y, Niinomi H, Suizu K, Rotermund F and Omatsu T 2016 Sci. Rep. 6 38880
[9] Watanabe T, Iketaki Y, Omatsu T, Yamamoto K, Sakai M and Fujii M 2003 Opt. Express 11 3271
[10] Miyamoto K, Sano K, MIyakawa T, Niinomi H, Toyoda K, Vallés A and Omatsu T 2019 Opt. Express 27 31840
[11] Tonouchi M 2007 Nat. Photon. 1 97
[12] Mittleman D M 2018 Opt. Express 26 9417
[13] Kawase K, Ogawa Y, Watanabe Y and Inoue H 2003 Opt. Express 11 2549
[14] Hangyo M 2015 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54 120101
[15] Ju L, Geng B, Horng J, Girit C, Martin M, Hao Z, Bechtel H A, Liang X, Zettl A, Shen Y R and Wang F 2011 Nat. Nanotechnol. 6 630
[16] Dhillon S S, Vitiello M S, Linfield E H, et al. 2017 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50 043001
[17] Humphreys K, Loughran J, Gradziel M, Lanigan W, Ward T, Murphy J and O'Sullivan C 2004 Proceedings of the 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, September 1-5, 2004, San Francisco, USA, p. 1302
[18] Taylor Z D, Singh R S, Bennett D B, Tewari P, Kealey C P, Bajwa N, Culjat M O, Stojadinovic A, Lee H, Hubschman J P, Brown E R and Grundfest W S 2011 IEEE T. THz Sci. Techn. 1 201
[19] Walther M, Fischer B M, Ortner A, Bitzer A, Thoman A and Helm H 2010 Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 397 1009
[20] Suen J Y, Tewari P, Taylor Z D, Grundfest W S, Lee H, Brown E R, Culjat M O and Singh R S 2009 Stud. Health Technol. Inform. 142 364
[21] Omatsu T, Chujo K, Miyamoto K, Okida M, Nakamura K, Aoki N and Morita R 2010 Opt. Express 18 17967
[22] Zhang D, Fallahi A, Hemmer M, Wu X, Fakhari M, Hua Y, Cankaya H, Calendron A L, Zapata L E, Matlis N H and Kärtner F X 2018 Nat. Photon. 12 336
[23] Vieira J and Mendonça J T 2014 Phys. Rev. Lett. 112 215001
[24] Hebling J, Fülöp J A, Mechler M I, Pálfalvi L, Töke C and Almási G 2011 arXiv:1109.6852
[25] Silenko A J, Zhang P and Zou L 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 119 243903
[26] Zheng H, Mirsaidov U M, Wang L W and Matsudaira P 2012 Nano Lett. 12 5644
[27] Tamburini F, Thidé B, Molina-Terriza G and Anzolin G 2011 Nat. Phys. 7 195
[28] Harwit M 2003 Astrophys. J. 597 1266
[29] Sanchez D J, Oesch D W and Reynolds O R 2013 Astron. Astrophys. 556 A130
[30] Thidé B, Then H, Sjöholm J, Palmer K, Bergman J, Carozzi T D, Istomin Y N, Ibragimov N H and Khamitova R 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 99 087701
[31] Chan W L, Chen H T, Taylor A J, Brener I, Cich M J and Mittleman D M 2009 Appl. Phys. Lett. 94 213511
[32] Podzorov A and Gallot G 2008 Appl. Opt. 47 3254
[33] Walia S, Shah C M, Gutruf P, Nili H, Chowdhury D R, Withayachumnankul W, Bhaskaran M and Sriram S 2015 Appl. Phys. Rev. 2 011303
[34] Miyamoto K, Suizu K, Akiba T and Omatsu T 2014 Appl. Phys. Lett. 104 261104
[35] Kang B J, Miyamoto K, Kim W T, Ahn K J, Omatsu T and Rotermund F 2018 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific Rim (CLEO-PR) July 29-August 3, 2018, W4C.6.
[36] Wang X, Shi J, Sun W, Feng S, Han P, Ye J and Zhang Y 2016 Opt. Express 24 7178
[37] Schemmel P, Pisano G and Maffei B 2014 Opt. Express 22 14712
[38] Schemmel P, Maccalli S, Pisano G, Maffei B and Ng M W R 2014 Opt. Letters 39 626
[39] Petrov N V, Kulya M S, Tsypkin A N, Bespalov V G and Gorodetsky A A 2016 IEEE T. THz Sci. Techn 6 464
[40] Semenova V A, Kulya M S, Petrov N V, Grachev Y V, Tsypkin A N, Putilin S E and Bespalov V G 2016 41st International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), September 25-30, 2016
[41] Semenova V, Kulya M and Bespalov V 2016 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 735 012064
[42] Wakayama T, Higashiguchi T, Oikawa H, Sakaue K, Washio M, Yonemura M, Yoshizawa T, Tyo J S and Otani Y 2015 Sci. Rep. 5 9416
[43] Wang L, Lin X W, Liang X, Wu J B, Hu W, Zheng Z G, Jin B B, Qin Y Q and Lu Y Q 2012 Opt. Mater. Express 2 1314
[44] Lin X W, Wu J B, Hu W, Zheng Z G, Wu Z J, Zhu G, Xu F, Jin B B and Lu Y Q 2011 AIP Adv. 1 032133
[45] Turnbull G, Robertson D, Smith G, Allen L and Padgett M 1996 Opt. Commun. 127 183
[46] Hernandez-Serrano A I, Castro-Camus E and Lopez-Mago D 2017 J. Infrared Millim. Te. 38 938
[47] Furlan W D, Ferrando V, Monsoriu J A, Zagrajek P, Czerwińska E and Szustakowski M 2016 Opt. Lett. 41 1748
[48] Zhu L, Wei X, Wang J, Zhang Z, Li Z, Zhang H, Li S, Wang K, Liu J 2014 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), March 09-13, 2014, San Francisco, CA, M3K. 7
[49] Liu C, Liu J, Niu L, Wei X, Wang K and Yang Z 2017 Sci. Rep. 7 3891
[50] Fallah S, Rouhi K and Abdolali A 2020 J. Phy. D: Appl. Phys. 53 085102
[51] Rouhi K, Rajabalipanah H and Abdolali A 2019 Carbon 149 125
[52] Momeni A, Rouhi K, Rajabalipanah H and Abdolali A 2018 Sci. Rep. 8 6200
[53] Rouhi K, Rajabalipanah H and Abdolali A 2017 Ann. Phys. 530 1700310
[54] Asgari S and Rahmanzadeh M 2020 Opt. Commun. 456 124623
[55] Liu Z and Bai B 2017 Opt. Express 25 8584
[56] Qu K, Jia Q and Fisch N J 2017 Phys. Rev. E 96 053207
[57] Yang Y, Ye X, Niu L, Wang K, Yang Z and Liu J 2020 Opt. Express 28 1417
[58] Lin J, Yuan X C, Tao S H and Burge R E 2005 Opt. Lett. 30 3266
[59] Wei X, Liu C, Niu L, Zhang Z, Wang K, Yang Z and Liu J 2015 Appl. Opt. 54 10641
[60] Wu Z, Wang X, Sun W, Feng S, Han P, Ye J, Yu Y and Zhang Y 2018 Opt. Express 26 1506
[61] Beijersbergen M W, Coerwinkel R P C, Kristensen M, Woerdman J P 1994 Opt. Commun. 112 321
[62] Marrucci L, Manzo C and Paparo D 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 163905
[63] Marrucci L, Manzo C and Paparo D 2006 Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 221102
[64] Minasyan A, Trovato C, Degert J, E Freysz, Brasselet E and Abraham E 2017 Opt. Lett. 42 41
[65] Ge S, Chen P, Shen Z, Sun W, Wang X, Hu W, Zhang Y and Lu Y 2017 Opt. Express 25 12349
[66] Piccirillo B, D'Ambrosio V, Slussarenko S, Marrucci L and Santamato E 2010 Appl. Phys. Lett. 97 241104
[67] Rubano A, Cardano F, Piccirillo B and Marrucci L 2019 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 36 D70
[68] Imai R, Kanda N, Higuchi T, Konishi K and Kuwata-Gonokami M 2014 Opt. Lett. 39 3714
[69] Wang X, Wang S, Xie Z, Sun W, Feng S, Cui Y, Ye J and Zhang Y 2014 Opt. Express 22 24622
[70] Imai R, Kanda N, Higuchi T, Zheng Z, Konishi K and Gonokami M K 2012 Opt. Express 20 21896
[71] Knyazev B A, Choporova Y Y, Mitkov M S, Pavelyev V S, Volodkin B O 2015 Phys. Rev. Lett. 115 163901
[72] Volodkin B, Choporova Y, Knyazev B, Kulipanov G, Pavelyev V, Soifer V, Vinokurov N 2016 Opt. Quant. Electron. 48 223
[73] Zhang Y, Liu W, Gao J and Yang X 2018 Adv. Opt. Mater. 6 1701228
[74] Heckenberg R N, McDuff R, Smith C P and White A G 1992 Opt. Lett. 17 221
[75] Yao A M and Padgett M J 2011 Adv. Opt. Photonics 3 161
[76] Zhan Q 2009 Adv. Opt. Photonics 1 1
[77] Dorn R, Quabis S and Leuchs G 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 233901
[78] Khonina S N, Alferov S V and Karpeev S V 2013 Opt. Lett. 38 3223
[79] He J, Wang X, Hu D, Ye J, Feng S, Kan Q and Zhang Y 2013 Opt. Express 21 20230
[80] Zhuldybina M, Trudeau C, Ropagnol X, Bolduc M, Zednik R J and Blanchard F 2018 Photonics North (PN) Conference June 5-7, 2018, Montreal, Canada
[81] Taira Y, Nakata Y, Miyamaru F and Takeda M W 2016 Progress in Electromagnetic Research Symposium (PIERS), August 8-11, 2016, Shanghai, China, p. 2396
[82] Chen Y, Suzuki S and Asada M 2018 43rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), September 9-14, 2018, Nagoya, Japan
[83] Zhou H, Dong J, Yan S, Zhou Y and Zhang X 2014 IEEE Photonics J. 6 5900107
[84] Li X N, Zhou L and Zhao G Z 2019 Acta Phys. Sin. 68 238101 (in Chinese)
[85] Zang X, Zhu Y, Mao C, Xu W, Ding H, Xie J, Cheng Q, Chen L, Peng Y, Hu Q, Gu M and Zhuang S 2019 Adv. Opt. Mater. 7 1801328
[86] Kang M, Chen J, Gu B, Li Y, Vuong L T and Wang H T 2012 Phys. Rev. A 85 035801
[87] Sakamoto M, Oka K, Morita R and Murakami N 2013 Opt. Lett. 38 3661
[88] Tokizane Y, Oka K and Morita R 2009 Opt. Express 17 14517
[89] Zhang X D, Su Y H, Ni J C, Wang Z Y, Wang Y L, Wang C W, Ren F F, Zhang Z, Fan H, Zhang W J, Li G Q, Hu Y L, Li J W, Wu D and Chu J R 2017 Appl. Phys. Lett. 111 061901
[90] Ge S J, Shen Z X, Chen P, Liang X, Wang X K, Hu W, Zhang Y and Lu Y Q 2017 Crystals 7 314
[91] Li Y, Kim J and Escuti M J 2012 Appl. Opt. 51 8236
[92] Wu H, Hu W, Hu H C, Lin X W, Zhu G, Choi J W, Chigrinov V and Lu Y Q 2012 Opt. Express 20 16684
[93] Ala-Laurinaho J, Hirvonen T, Piironen P, Lehto A, Tuovinen J, Räisänen A V and Frisk U 2001 IEEE T. Antenn. Propag. 49 1264
[94] Salo J, Meltaus J, Noponen E, Salomaa M M, Lönnqvist A, Koskinen T, Viikari V, Säily J, Häkli J, Ala-Laurinaho J, Mallat J and Räisänen A V 2002 J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 4 S161
[95] Säily J, Ala-Laurinaho J, Häkli J, Tuovinen J, Lehto A and Räisänen A V 2000 Electron. Lett. 36 111
[96] Meltaus J, Salo J, Noponen E, Salomaa M M, Viikari V, Lönnqvist A, Koskinen T, Säily J, Häkli J, Alá-Laurinaho J, Mallat J and Räisänen A V 2002 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest 1305
[97] Xie Z, Wang X, Ye J, Feng S, Akalin T and Zhang Y 2013 Sci. Rep. 3 3347
[98] Meltaus J, Salo J, Noponen E, Salomma M M, Viikari V, Lönnqvist A, Koskinen T, Säily J, Häkli J, Ala-Laurinaho J, Mallat J and Räisänen A V 2003 IEEE T. Microw. Theory 51 1274
[99] Arlt J and Dholakia K 2000 Opt. Commun. 177 297
[100] Petit R 1980 Electromagnetic Theory of Gratings (Berlin: Springer)
[101] Yu Y Z and Dou W B 2008 Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 29 693
[102] Ferguson B and Zhang X C 2002 Nat. Materials 1 26
[103] Dhaybi A A, Degert J, Brasselet E, Abraham E and Freysz E 2019 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 36 12
[104] Chen Q, Tani M, Jiang Z and Zhang X C 2001 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18 823
[105] Lin Q, Zheng S, Song Q, Zeng X, Cai Y, Li Y, Chen Z, Zha L, Pan X and Xu S 2019 Opt. Lett. 44 887
[106] Danielson J R, Jameson A D, Tomaino J L, Hui H, Wetzel J D, Lee Y S and Vodopyanov K L 2008 J. Appl. Phys. 104 033111
[107] Sobhani H and Dadar E 2019 J.Opt. Soc. Am. A 36 1187
[108] Kreß M, Löffler T, Thomson M D, Dörner R, Gimpel H, Zrost K, Ergler T, Moshammer R, Morgner U, Ullrich J and Roskos H G 2006 Nat. Phys. 2 327
[109] Kim K Y, Glownia J H, Taylor A J and Rodriguez G 2007 Opt. Express 15 4577
[110] Thomson M D, Kreß M, Löffler T and Roskos H G 2007 Laser Photonics Rev. 1 349
[111] Bai Y, Song L, Xu R, Li C, Liu P, Zeng Z, Zhang Z, Lu H, Li R and Xu Z 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 255004
[112] Wang H, Bai Y, Wu E, Wang Z, Liu P and Liu C 2018 Phys. Rev. A 98 013857
[113] Wang H, Song Q, Zheng S, Lin Q, Wu E, Ai Y, Liu C and Xu S 2019 J. Opt. 21 095501
[114] Ivanov M, Thiele I, Bergé L, Skupin S, Buožius D and Vaičaitis V 2019 Opt. Lett. 44 3889
[115] E Y, Jin Q, Tcypkin A and Zhang X C 2019 Appl. Phys. Lett. 113 181103
[116] Jin Q, E Y, Williams K, Dai J and Zhang X C 2017 Appl. Phys. Lett. 111 071103
[117] Dey I, Jana K, Fedorov V Y, Koulouklidis A D, Mondal A, Shaikh M, Sarkar D, Lad A D, Tzortzakis S, Couairon A and Kumar G R 2017 Nat. Commun. 8 1184
[118] Jin Q, E Y, Zhang L, Zhang C, Tcypkin A, Kozlov S and Zhang X C 2018 43rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz), September 9-14, Nagoya, Japan
[119] Jiang G, Zhang L, Zhang S and Zhang C 2018 Infrared, Millimeter-Wave, and Terahertz Technologies V, Proc. SPIE, November 9, 2018, 10826 108261G
[120] Piesiewicz R, Jacob M, Koch M, Schoebel J and Kürner T 2008 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 14 421
[121] Federici J and Moeller L 2010 J. Appl. Phys. 107 111101
[122] Han C, Bicen A O and Akyildiz I F 2016 IEEE T. Signal Proces 64 910
[123] Wei X, Zhu L, Zhang Z, Wang K, Liu J and Wang J 2014 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO)-Laser Science to Photonic Application, June 8-13, 2014, San Jose CA, STu2F.2.
[124] Fickler R, Lapkiewicz R, Plick W N, Krenn M, Schaeff C, Ramelow S and Zeilinger A 2012 Science 338 640
[125] Nagatsuma T, Ducournau G and Renaud C C 2016 Nat. Photon. 10 371
[126] Hirata A, Kosugi T, Takahashi H, Yamaguchi R, Nakajima F, Furuta T, Ito H, Sugahara H, Sato Y and Nagatsuma T 2006 IEEE T. Microw. Theory 54 1937
[127] Takahashi H, Hirata A, Takeuchi J, Kukutsu N, Kosugi T and Murata K 2012 15th European Microwave Week-Space for Microwaves Conference Proceedings, p. 313
[128] Cherry S 2004 IEEE Spectrum 41 58
[129] Bozinovic N, Yue Y, Ren Y, Tur M, Kristensen P, Huang H, Willner A E and Ramachandran S 2013 Science 340 1545
[130] Wang J, Yang J Y, Fazal I M, Ahmed N, Yan Y, Huang H, Ren Y, Yue Y, Dolinar S, Tur M and Willner A E 2012 Nat. Photon. 6 488
[131] Wang Z, Zhang N and Yuan X C 2011 Opt. Express 19 482
[132] Gao X, Huang S, Zhou J, Wei Y, Gao C, Zhang X and Gu W 2013 J. Opt. 15 105401
[133] Bespalov V G 2016 Russ. Phys. J. 58 1420
[134] Jepsen P U, Cooke D G and Koch M 2011 Laser Photonics Rev. 5 124
[135] Jansen C, Wietzke S, Peters O, Scheller M, Vieweg N, Salhi M, Krumbholz N, Jördens C, Hochrein T and Koch M 2010 Appl. Opt. 49 E48
[136] Cocker T L, Huber M A, Eisele M, Plankl M, Mooshammer F, Sandner F, Peller D, Repp J and Huber R 2016 Progress in Electromagnetic Research Symposium (PIERS), August 8-11, Shanghai, China, p. 3339
[137] Long Z, Wang T, You C, Yang Z, Wang K and Liu J 2019 Appl. Opt. 58 2731
[138] Liu K, Cheng Y, Yang Z, Wang H, Qin Y and Li X 2015 IEEE Anten Wirel. Pr. 14 711
[139] Chen S C, Du L H, Meng K, Li J, Zhai Z H, Shi Q W, Li Z R and Zhu L G 2019 Opt. Lett. 44 21
[140] Guo Y, Ling F, Li H, Zhou S, Ji J and Yao J 2019 Appl. Opt. 58 6244
[141] Bretschneider S, Eggeling C and Hell S W 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 218130
[142] Baek I H, Ahn K J, Kang B J, Bae S, Hong B H, Yeom D I, Lee K, Jeong Y U and Rotermund F 2013 Appl. Phys. Lett. 102 191109
[143] Hebling J, Yeh K, Hoffmann M C and Nelson K A 2008 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 14 345
[144] Sharma G, Al-Naib I, Hafez H, Morandotti R, Cooke D G, Ozaki T 2012 Opt. Express 20 18016
[145] Cao J C and Lei J C 2003 Phys. Rev. B 67 085309
[146] Wen H, Wiczer M and Lindenberg A M 2008 Phys. Rev. B 78 125203
[147] Sanvitto D, Marchetti F M, Szymańska M H, Tosi G, Baudisch M, Laussy F P, Krizhanovskii D N, Skolnick M S, Marrucci L, Lemaître A, Bloch J, Tejedor C and Viña L 2010 Nat. Phys. 6 527
[148] Toyoda K, Miyamoto K, Aoki N, Morita R and Omatsu T 2012 Nano Lett. 12 3645
[149 Toyoda K, Takahashi F, Takizawa S, Tokizane Y, Miyamoto K, Morita R and Omatsu T 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 143603
[150] Takahashi F, Miyamoto K, Hidai H, Yamane K, Morita R and Omatsu T 2016 Sci. Rep. 6 21738
[151] Nanni E A, Huang W R, Hong K H, Ravi K, Fallahi A, Moriena G, Miller R J D and Kärtner F X 2015 Nat. Commun. 6 8486
[152] Anzolin G, Tamburini F, Bianchini A, Umbriaco G and Barbieri C 2008 Astro. Astrophys. 488 1159
[153] Tamburini F, Anzolin G, Bianchini A and Barbieri C 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 163903
[154] Barbieri C, Naletto G and Occhipinti T, et al. 2009 J. Mod. Optic. 56 261
[155] Serabyn E, Mawet D and Burruss R 2010 Nature 464 1018
[156] Lee J H, Foo G, Johnson E G and Swartzlander Jr G A 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 053901
[157] Bekshaev A, Bliokh K Y and Soskin M 2011 J. Opt. 13 053001
[158] Dehnen H 1973 Int. J. Theor. Phys. 7 467
[159] Carini P, Feng L L, Li M and Ruffini R 1992 Phys. Rev. D 46 5407
[160] Feng L L and Lee W L 2001 Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 10 961
[161] Broderick A E, Fish V L, Doeleman S S and Loeb A 2009 Astrophys. J. 697 45
[162] Jenkins C 2008 Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 384 515
[163] Delacroix C, Absil O, Forsberg P, Mawet D, Christiaens V, Karlsson M, Boccaletti A, Baudoz P, Kuittinen M, Vartiainen I, Surdej J and Habraken S 2013 Astron. Astrophys. 553 A98
[1] Efficient manipulation of terahertz waves by multi-bit coding metasurfaces and further applications of such metasurfaces
Yunping Qi(祁云平) Baohe Zhang(张宝和), Jinghui Ding(丁京徽), Ting Zhang(张婷), Xiangxian Wang(王向贤), and Zao Yi(易早). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(2): 024211.
[2] A concise review of Rydberg atom based quantum computation and quantum simulation
Xiaoling Wu(吴晓凌), Xinhui Liang(梁昕晖), Yaoqi Tian(田曜齐), Fan Yang(杨帆), Cheng Chen(陈丞), Yong-Chun Liu(刘永椿), Meng Khoon Tey(郑盟锟), and Li You(尤力). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(2): 020305.
[3] Hybrid vector beams with non-uniform orbital angular momentum density induced by designed azimuthal polarization gradient
Lei Han(韩磊), Shuxia Qi(齐淑霞), Sheng Liu(刘圣), Peng Li(李鹏), Huachao Cheng(程华超), Jianlin Zhao(赵建林). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(9): 094203.
[4] Electromagnetic field of a relativistic electron vortex beam
Changyong Lei(雷长勇), Guangjiong Dong(董光炯). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(8): 084102.
[5] Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion instructured optical fields
Yang Zhao(赵阳), Cheng-Xi Yang(阳成熙), Jia-Xi Zhu(朱家玺), Feng Lin(林峰), Zhe-Yu Fang(方哲宇), Xing Zhu(朱星). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(6): 067301.
[6] Light slowing and all-optical time division multiplexing of hybrid four-wave mixing signal in nitrogen-vacancy center
Ruimin Wang(王瑞敏), Irfan Ahmed, Faizan Raza, Changbiao Li(李昌彪), Yanpeng Zhang(张彦鹏). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(5): 054204.
[7] Research progress of femtosecond surface plasmon polariton
Yulong Wang(王玉龙), Bo Zhao(赵波), Changjun Min(闵长俊), Yuquan Zhang(张聿全), Jianjun Yang(杨建军), Chunlei Guo(郭春雷), Xiaocong Yuan(袁小聪). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(2): 027302.
[8] Generation of orbital angular momentum and focused beams with tri-layer medium metamaterial
Zhi-Chao Sun(孙志超), Meng-Yao Yan(闫梦瑶), and Bi-Jun Xu(徐弼军)†. Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(10): 104101.
[9] Comparison of three kinds of polarized Bessel vortex beams propagating through uniaxial anisotropic media
Jia-Wei Liu(刘佳伟), Hai-Ying Li(李海英), Wei Ding(丁炜), Lu Bai(白璐), Zhen-Sen Wu(吴振森), Zheng-Jun Li(李正军). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(9): 094214.
[10] Soliton guidance and nonlinear coupling for polarized vector spiraling elliptic Hermite-Gaussian beams in nonlocal nonlinear media
Chunzhi Sun(孙春志), Guo Liang(梁果). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(7): 074206.
[11] Aperture efficiency and mode constituent analysis for OAM vortex beam generated by digital metasurface
Di Zhang(张迪), Xiangyu Cao(曹祥玉), Huanhuan Yang(杨欢欢), Jun Gao(高军), Shiqi Lv(吕世奇). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(3): 034204.
[12] Numerical investigation on coherent mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in chalcogenide PCFs with near-zero flattened all-normal dispersion profiles
Jie Han(韩杰), Sheng-Dong Chang(常圣东), Yan-Jia Lyu(吕彦佳), Yong Liu(刘永). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(10): 104204.
[13] Enhancement and control of the Goos-Hänchen shift bynonlinear surface plasmon resonance in graphene
Qi You(游琪), Leyong Jiang(蒋乐勇), Xiaoyu Dai(戴小玉), Yuanjiang Xiang(项元江). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(9): 094211.
[14] Research progress of third-order optical nonlinearity of chalcogenide glasses
Xiao-Yu Zhang(张潇予), Fei-Fei Chen(陈飞飞), Xiang-Hua Zhang(章向华), Wei Ji(季伟). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(8): 084208.
[15] Modulation and mechanism of ultrafast transient spectroscopy based on dimethylamino-carbaldehyde derivatives
Tong-xing Jin(金桐兴), Jun-yi Yang(杨俊义), Yu Fang(方宇), Yan-bing Han(韩艳兵), Ying-lin Song(宋瑛林). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(5): 054208.
No Suggested Reading articles found!