Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(9): 094302    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ab9c0a
ELECTROMAGNETISM, OPTICS, ACOUSTICS, HEAT TRANSFER, CLASSICAL MECHANICS, AND FLUID DYNAMICS Prev   Next  

Pre-warning information dissemination models of different media under emergencies

Anying Chen(陈安滢)1,2, Haoran Zhu(朱昊然)1,2, Xiaoyong Ni(倪晓勇)1,2, Guofeng Su(苏国锋)1,2
1 Institute of Public Safety Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2 Beijing Key Laboratory of City Integrated Emergency Response Science, Beijing 100084, China
Abstract  Pre-warning plays an important role in emergency handling, especially in urban areas with high population density like Beijing. Knowing the information dissemination mechanisms clearly could help us reduce losses and ensure the safety of human beings during emergencies. In this paper, we propose the models of pre-warning information dissemination via five classical media based on actual pre-warning issue processes, including television, radio, short message service (SMS), electronic screens, and online social networks. The population coverage ability and dissemination efficiency at different issue time of these five issue channels are analyzed by simulation methods, and their advantages and disadvantages are compared by radar graphs. Results show that SMS is the most appropriate way to issue long-term pre-warning for its large population coverage, but it is not suitable for issuing urgent warnings to large population because of the limitation of telecom company's issue ability. TV shows the best performance to combine the dissemination speed and range, and the performance of radio and electronic screens are not as satisfactory as the others. In addition, online social networks might become one of the most promising communication method for its potential in further diffusion. These models and results could help us make pre-warning issue plans and provide guidance for future construction of information diffusion systems, thus reducing injuries, deaths, and other losses under different emergencies.
Keywords:  information dissemination      emergency pre-warning      media  
Received:  01 March 2020      Revised:  11 May 2020      Published:  05 September 2020
PACS:  43.10.Pr (Information technology, internet, nonacoustical devices of interest to Acoustics)  
  01.75.+m (Science and society)  
  28.41.Te (Protection systems, safety, radiation monitoring, accidents, and dismantling)  
Fund: Project supported by the Science Fund from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (Grant No. 2018YFC0807000).
Corresponding Authors:  Guofeng Su     E-mail:  sugf@tsinghua.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Anying Chen(陈安滢), Haoran Zhu(朱昊然), Xiaoyong Ni(倪晓勇), Guofeng Su(苏国锋) Pre-warning information dissemination models of different media under emergencies 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 094302

[1] Liu N J and Fei W 2019 Disaster Reduction in China 5 14
[2] Xuan W L, Chen X W and Zhao G 2007 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, July 23-28, 2007, Barcelona, Spain, p. 2996
[3] Liao C Y and Chang Y F 2007 China Soil and Water Conservation 1 22
[4] Zhao J 2014 Journal of News Research 10 36
[5] Wang L 2011 Journal of Zhengzhou University: Philosophy and Social Science Edition 4 142
[6] Quansah J E, Engel B and Rochon G L 2010 Journal of Terrestrial Observation 2 5
[7] Oktari R S, Munadi K and Ridha M 2014 Proc. Eco. Fin. 18 136
[8] Familusi E B and Owoeye P O 2014 Lib. Phil. Prac. 6 29
[9] Sattler D N, Larpenteur K and Shipley G 2011 J. Homel. Sec. Eme. Man. 8 A41
[10] Imamura F 2009 Jour. Ear. Tsun. 3 59
[11] Wei J, Zhao D, Yang F, Du S and Marinova D 2010 Disasters 34 1013
[12] Martinez F J, Cano J C, Calafate C T and Manzoni P 2009 IEEE 34th Conference on Local Computer Networks, October 20-23, 2009, Swiss tel Z richZurich, Switzerland p. 221
[13] Rogers G O and Sorensen J H 1991 Risk Analysis (Boston: Springer) pp. 117-134
[14] Ayobami A S and Rabi'u S 2012 International Conference on Communication and Media, November 1-3, Penang, Malaysia, p. 297
[15] Zhang N, Huang H and Su B 2016 Physica A 462 846
[16] Nagarajan M, Shaw D and Albores P 2010 Procedia Engineering 3 139
[17] Bonnan-White J, Shulman J amd Bielecke A 2014 PLoS Currents 22 6 (online)
[18] Xiong F, Wang X M and Cheng J J 2016 Chin. Phys. B 25 108904
[19] Liu C, Zhan X, Zhang Z, et al. 2015 New J. Phys. 17 11
[20] Zhan X X, Liu C, Zhou G, Zhang Z K, Sun G Q, Zhu J J and Jin Z 2018 Appl. Math. Comp. 332 437
[21] Zhang Z K, Liu C, Zhan X X, Lu X, Zhang C X and Zhang Y C 2016 Phys. Rep. 651 1
[22] Murray J P and Kippax S 1977 Aust. Jour. PSY. 29 31
[23] DeFleur M L and Cronin M M 1991 Soc. Inq. 61 148
[24] Chaffee S and Frank S 1996 Ann. Amer. Acad. Pol. Soc. Sci. 546 48
[25] Xu L J 2017 China TV Ratings Yearbook 2016 (Beijing: Communication University of China Press) p. 26
[26] Xu L J 2017 China Radio Ratings Yearbook 2016 (Beijing: Communication University of China Press) p. 21
[27] Zhang, N, Huang H, Su B, Zhao J and Zhang B 2014 PloS one 9 1
[1] Effect of Sb composition on the band alignment of InAs/GaAsSb quantum dots
Guangze Lu(陆光泽), Zunren Lv(吕尊仁), Zhongkai Zhang(张中恺), Xiaoguang Yang(杨晓光), and Tao Yang(杨涛). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(1): 017802.
[2] Shear-horizontal transverse-electric seismoelectric waves in cylindrical double layer porous media
Wei-Hao Wang(王伟豪), Xiao-Yan Zhu(朱晓焱), Jin-Xia Liu(刘金霞), and Zhi-Wen Cui(崔志文). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(1): 014301.
[3] Frequency-dependent reflection of elastic wave from thin bed in porous media
Hong-Xing Li(李红星), Chun-Hui Tao(陶春辉), Cai Liu(刘财), Guang-Nan Huang(黄光南), Zhen-An Yao(姚振岸). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(6): 064301.
[4] Numerical study on permeability characteristics of fractal porous media
Yongping Huang(黄永平), Feng Yao(姚峰), Bo Zhou(周博), Chengbin Zhang(张程宾). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(5): 054701.
[5] Recast combination functions of coordinate and momentum operators into their ordered product forms
Lei Wang(王磊), Xiang-Guo Meng(孟祥国), Ji-Suo Wang(王继锁). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(5): 050303.
[6] Experimental demonstration of influence of underwater turbulence on ghost imaging
Man-Qian Yin(殷曼倩), Le Wang(王乐), Sheng-Mei Zhao(赵生妹). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(9): 094201.
[7] Memory effect evaluation based on transmission matrix calculation
Ming Li(李明), Long-Jie Fang(方龙杰), Lin Pang(庞霖). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(7): 074207.
[8] Loss induced negative refraction and super-prism effect at highly absorptive interface
Jian Wu(吴坚), Tao Wang(王涛), Tianyue Hou(侯天悦), Xuefen Kan(阚雪芬), Cheng Yin(殷澄), Pu Zhou(周朴), Zhuangqi Cao(曹庄琪). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(5): 054201.
[9] Reflected and transmitted powers of arbitrarily polarized plane waves at interface between chiral and achiral media
Yan-Feng Lu(路彦峰), Yi-Ping Han(韩一平). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(2): 024202.
[10] Superconductivity in electron-doped arsenene
Xin Kong(孔鑫), Miao Gao(高淼), Xun-Wang Yan(闫循旺), Zhong-Yi Lu(卢仲毅), Tao Xiang(向涛). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(4): 046301.
[11] Optical study on intermediate-valence compounds Yb1-xLuxAl3
J L Lv(吕佳林), J L Luo(雒建林), N L Wang(王楠林). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(1): 017803.
[12] Molecular dynamics simulation of decomposition and thermal conductivity of methane hydrate in porous media
Ping Guo(郭平), Yi-Kun Pan(潘意坤), Long-Long Li(李龙龙), Bin Tang(唐斌). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(7): 073101.
[13] Experimental study and theoretical analysis of fluid resistance in porous media of glass spheres
Tong Wang(王彤), Kun-Can Zheng(郑坤灿), Yu-Peng Jia(贾宇鹏), Cheng-Lu Fu(付承鹭), Zhi-Jun Gong(龚志军), Wen-Fei Wu(武文斐). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(7): 074701.
[14] Reflection and transmission of Laguerre Gaussian beam from uniaxial anisotropic multilayered media
Hai-Ying Li(李海英), Zhen-Sen Wu(吴振森), Qing-Chao Shang(尚庆超), Lu Bai(白璐), Zheng-Jun Li(李正军). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(3): 034204.
[15] Interaction of Airy-Gaussian beams in saturable media
Meiling Zhou(周美玲), Yulian Peng(彭玉莲), Chidao Chen(陈迟到), Bo Chen(陈波), Xi Peng(彭喜), Dongmei Deng(邓冬梅). Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 25(8): 084102.
No Suggested Reading articles found!