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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(4): 045205    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac46c5

Post-solitons and electron vortices generated by femtosecond intense laser interacting with uniform near-critical-density plasmas

Dong-Ning Yue(岳东宁)1,2,3, Min Chen(陈民)2,3,†, Yao Zhao(赵耀)4, Pan-Fei Geng(耿盼飞)2,3, Xiao-Hui Yuan(远晓辉)2,3, Quan-Li Dong(董全力)1,3, Zheng-Ming Sheng(盛政明)2,3,5, and Jie Zhang(张杰)2,3,5
1 School of Sciences, Harbin Institute of Technology at Weihai, Weihai 264209, China;
2 Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas(Ministry of Education), School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China;
3 Collaborative Innovation Center of IFSA, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China;
4 Key Laboratory of High Power Laser and Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China;
5 Tsung-Dao Lee Institute, Shanghai 200240, China
Abstract  Generation of nonlinear structures, such as stimulated Raman side scattering waves, post-solitons and electron vortices, during ultra-short intense laser pulse transportation in near-critical-density (NCD) plasmas is studied by using multi-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations. In two-dimensional geometries, both P- and S-polarized laser pulses are used to drive these nonlinear structures and to check the polarization effects on them. In the S-polarized case, the scattered waves can be captured by surrounding plasmas leading to the generation of post-solitons, while the main pulse excites convective electric currents leading to the formation of electron vortices through Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (KHI). In the P-polarized case, the scattered waves dissipate their energy by heating surrounding plasmas. Electron vortices are excited due to the hosing instability of the drive laser. These polarization dependent physical processes are reproduced in two different planes perpendicular to the laser propagation direction in three-dimensional simulation with linearly polarized laser driver. The current work provides inspiration for future experiments of laser-NCD plasma interactions.
Keywords:  stimulated Raman side scattering      near-critical-density plasmas      electron vortices      post-solitons  
Received:  12 December 2021      Revised:  21 December 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  29 December 2021
PACS:  52.25.Gj (Fluctuation and chaos phenomena)  
  52.35.-g (Waves, oscillations, and instabilities in plasmas and intense beams)  
  52.65.-y (Plasma simulation)  
  47.75.+f (Relativistic fluid dynamics)  
Fund: The authors would like to acknowledge the OSIRIS Consortium, consisting of UCLA and IST (Lisbon, Portugal) for the use of OSIRIS and the visXD framework. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11991074, 11774227, 12005287, and 12135009), NSAF of China (Grant No. U1930111), the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province, China (Grant No. ZR2019ZD44), and the Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant Nos. XDA25000000 and XDA25050800).
Corresponding Authors:  Min Chen     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Dong-Ning Yue(岳东宁), Min Chen(陈民), Yao Zhao(赵耀), Pan-Fei Geng(耿盼飞), Xiao-Hui Yuan(远晓辉), Quan-Li Dong(董全力), Zheng-Ming Sheng(盛政明), and Jie Zhang(张杰) Post-solitons and electron vortices generated by femtosecond intense laser interacting with uniform near-critical-density plasmas 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 045205

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