Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2023, Vol. 32(4): 048901    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac9609

Pedestrian evacuation simulation in multi-exit case: An emotion and group dual-driven method

Yong-Xing Li(李永行)1, Xiao-Xia Yang(杨晓霞)2,†, Meng Meng(孟梦)3, Xin Gu(顾欣)1, and Ling-Peng Kong(孔令鹏)4
1 Beijing Key Laboratory of Traffic Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China;
2 School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Qingdao University of Technology, Qingdao 266520, China;
3 School of Management, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY, UK;
4 Baidu Online Network Technology(Beijing) Co., Ltd, Beijing 100085, China
Abstract  This paper analyzes the characteristics of emotion state and group behavior in the evacuation process. During the emergency evacuation, emotion state and group behavior are interacting with each other, and indivisible. The emotion spread model with the effect of group behavior, and the leader-follower model with the effect of emotion state are proposed. On this basis, exit choice strategies with the effect of emotion state and group behavior are proposed. Fusing emotion spread model, leader-follower model, and exit choice strategies into a cellular automata (CA)-based pedestrian simulation model, we simulate the evacuation process in a multi-exit case. Simulation results indicate that panic emotion and group behavior are two negative influence factors for pedestrian evacuation. Compared with panic emotion or group behavior only, pedestrian evacuation efficiency with the effects of both is lower.
Keywords:  pedestrian evacuation      emotion state      group behavior      multi-exit case      cellular automata  
Received:  24 July 2022      Revised:  20 September 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  29 September 2022
PACS:  89.40.-a (Transportation)  
  02.50.Cw (Probability theory)  
  05.65.+b (Self-organized systems)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFC0803903) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 62003182).
Corresponding Authors:  Xiao-Xia Yang     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Yong-Xing Li(李永行), Xiao-Xia Yang(杨晓霞), Meng Meng(孟梦), Xin Gu(顾欣), and Ling-Peng Kong(孔令鹏) Pedestrian evacuation simulation in multi-exit case: An emotion and group dual-driven method 2023 Chin. Phys. B 32 048901

[1] Chen L, Tang T Q, Huang H J, Wu J J and Song Z Q 2018 Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory 82 1
[2] Huang J J and Guo R Y 2008 Phys. Rev. E 78 021131
[3] Yue H, Wang S, Jia X L, Li J and Shao C F 2016 Simulation 92 491
[4] Haghani M and Sarvi M 2019 Transportation Research Part C 103 56
[5] Zhao Y X, Li M F, Lu X, Tian L J, Yu Z Y, Huang K, Wang Y and Li T 2017 Physica A 465 175
[6] Song X, Sun J H, Xie H N, Li Q Y, Wang Z L and Han D L 2018 Physica A 505 530
[7] Zhang L M, Liu M J, Wu X G and AbouRizk S M 2016 Automation in Construction 71 430
[8] Yue H, Zhang B Y, Shao C F and Xing Y 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 050512
[9] Li Y X, Jia H F, Li J, Gong J and Sun K C 2017 Int. J. Mod. Phys. C 28 1750128
[10] Yang X X, Dong H R, Yao X M and Sun X B 2016 Chin. Phys. B 25 048902
[11] Zhao Y and Li Y Z 2014 Int. J. Mod. Phys. C 25 1450043
[12] Liu B Q, Liu Z, Sun D C and Bi C Y 2018 Mathematical Problems in Engineering 2018 5397071
[13] Zhao L J, Cheng J J, Qian Y and Wang Q 2012 Simulation 88 1456
[14] Kermack W O and McKendrick A G 1991 Bulletin of Mathematical Biology 53 33
[15] Kim K I, Lin Z G and Zhang Q Y 2013 Nonlinear Analysis 14 1992
[16] Mikler A R, Venkatachalam S and Abbas K 2005 Journal of Biological Systems 13 421
[17] Satsuma J, Willox R, Ramani A, Grammaticos B and Carstea A S 2004 Physica A 336 369
[18] Fu L B, Song W G, Lv Wei and Lo S 2014 Physica A 405 380
[19] Wang J H, Zhang L, Shi Q Y, Yang P and Hu X M 2015 Physica A 428 396
[20] Shen J Q, Wang X W and Jiang L L 2018 Physica A 491 613
[21] Fu L B, Song W G, Lv W, Liu X D and Lo S 2016 Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory 60 1
[22] Omodei E, Bazzani A, Rambaldi S, Michieletto P and Giorgini B 2014 Quality & Quantity 48 347
[23] Yue H, Guan H Z, Shao C F and Zhang X 2011 Physica A 390 198
[24] Lu L L, Ren G, Wang W and Wang Y 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 088901
[25] Müller F, Wohak O and Schadschneider A 2014 Transportation Research Procedia 2 168
[26] Cheng L, Yarlagadda R, Fookes C and Yarlagadda P K 2014 World 1 2
[27] Zaki M H and Sayed T 2018 IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems 19 1880
[28] Qiu F and Hu X L 2010 Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory 18 190
[29] Do T, Haghani M and Sarvi M 2016 Transportation Research Record 2540 13
[30] Zhang T, Zhang X L, Huang S S, Li C H and Lu S X 2018 Physica A 496 233
[31] Shiwakoti N, Sarvi M, Rose G and Burd M 2011 Procedia-social and Behavioral Sciences 17 438
[32] Hollmann C, Lawrence P J and Galea E R 2011 Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2011 799
[33] Lu L L, Chan C Y, Wang J and Wang W 2017 Transportation Research Part C 81 317
[34] Hu J, You L, Wei J, Gu M S and Liang Y 2014 Phys. Lett. A 378 1913
[35] Fang J S, El-Tawil S and Aguirre B 2016 Safety Science 83 40
[36] Frank G A and Dorso C O 2016 Int. J. Mod. Phys. C 27 1650091
[37] Zou Y, Xie J R and Wang B H 2016 PloS One 11 e0153388
[38] Zheng Y, Jia B, Li X G and Jiang R 2017 Safety Science 92 180
[39] Li J, Fu S Y, He H B, Jia H F, Li Y Z and Guo Y 2015 Physica A 437 304
[40] Li Y X, Yang X X, Wang Z J, Chen L and Chen Y Y 2022 Physica A 589 126593
[41] Fu Z J, Xia L, Yang H T, Liu X B, Ma J, Luo L, Yang L Z and Chen J M 2017 Int. J. Mod. Phys. C 28 1750059
[42] Lovreglio R, Ronchi E and Nilsson D 2015 Physica A 438 308
[43] Cao S C, Fu L B, Wang P, Zeng G and Song W G 2018 Fire Safety Journal 102 27
[1] An extended cellular automata model with modified floor field for evacuation
Da-Hui Qin(秦大辉), Yun-Fei Duan(段云飞), Dong Cheng(程栋), Ming-Zhu Su(苏铭著), Yong-Bo Shao(邵永波). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(9): 098901.
[2] Simulation study on cooperation behaviors and crowd dynamics in pedestrian evacuation
Ya-Ping Ma(马亚萍), Hui Zhang(张辉). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(3): 038901.
[3] Effects of rainy weather on traffic accidents of a freeway using cellular automata model
Ming-Bao Pang(庞明宝), Bo-Ning Ren(任泊宁). Chin. Phys. B, 2017, 26(10): 108901.
[4] Influence of bus stop with left-turn lines between two adjacent signalized intersections
Ming-Bao Pang(庞明宝), Lan-Hang Ye(叶兰杭), Ya-Nan Pei(裴亚男). Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 25(8): 088901.
[5] Pedestrian evacuation at the subway station under fire
Xiao-Xia Yang(杨晓霞), Hai-Rong Dong(董海荣), Xiu-Ming Yao(姚秀明), Xu-Bin Sun(孙绪彬). Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 25(4): 048902.
[6] Pedestrian choice behavior analysis and simulation of vertical walking facilities in transfer station
Yong-Xing Li(李永行), Hong-Fei Jia(贾洪飞), Jun Li(李军), Ya-Nan Zhou(周亚楠), Zhi-Lu Yuan(原志路), Yan-Zhong Li(李延忠). Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 25(10): 108901.
[7] A new cellular automata model of traffic flow with negative exponential weighted look-ahead potential
Xiao Ma(马骁), Wei-Fan Zheng(郑伟范), Bao-Shan Jiang(江宝山), Ji-Ye Zhang(张继业). Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 25(10): 108902.
[8] Study on bi-directional pedestrian movement using ant algorithms
Sibel Gokce, Ozhan Kayacan. Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 25(1): 010508.
[9] Effects of evacuation assistant's leading behavior on the evacuation efficiency: Information transmission approach
Wang Xiao-Lu (王晓璐), Guo Wei (郭玮), Zheng Xiao-Ping (郑小平). Chin. Phys. B, 2015, 24(7): 070504.
[10] Stair evacuation simulation based on cellular automataconsidering evacuees' walk preferences
Ding Ning (丁宁), Zhang Hui (张辉), Chen Tao (陈涛), Peter B. Luh. Chin. Phys. B, 2015, 24(6): 068801.
[11] A cellular automata model of traffic flow with variable probability of randomization
Zheng Wei-Fan (郑伟范), Zhang Ji-Ye (张继业). Chin. Phys. B, 2015, 24(5): 058902.
[12] A new cellular automaton for signal controlled traffic flow based on driving behaviors
Wang Yang (王扬), Chen Yan-Yan (陈艳艳). Chin. Phys. B, 2015, 24(3): 038902.
[13] Exit selection strategy in pedestrian evacuation simulation with multi-exits
Yue Hao (岳昊), Zhang Bin-Ya (张滨雅), Shao Chun-Fu (邵春福), Xing Yan (邢燕). Chin. Phys. B, 2014, 23(5): 050512.
[14] Cellular automata model for traffic flow with safe driving conditions
María Elena Lárraga, Luis Alvarez-Icaza. Chin. Phys. B, 2014, 23(5): 050701.
[15] Epidemic propagation on adaptive coevolutionary networks with preferential local-world reconnecting strategy
Song Yu-Rong (宋玉蓉), Jiang Guo-Ping (蒋国平), Gong Yong-Wang (巩永旺). Chin. Phys. B, 2013, 22(4): 040205.
No Suggested Reading articles found!