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Chin. Phys. B, 2019, Vol. 28(2): 024211    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/28/2/024211

Nonlinear behavior of the population dynamics of three-level systems in the presence of single photon absorption

Allam Srinivasa Rao
Photonic Sciences Laboratory, Physical Research Laboratory, Thaltej, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380059, India

We numerically investigate the population dynamics in a single photon resonant three-level cascade and non-cascade energy level molecules at 532-nm wavelength. The time-dependent population in the energy levels in the presence of 100 ps (pico-second) and 100 ns (nano-second) laser pulses is described in the form of rate equations. We provide a brief idea of how the optical energy transfer takes place in the light-matter interaction and we also discuss the absorption as a function of pulse width and repetition rate. We also plot the z-scan transmittance curve as a function of number of excitation pulses participating in the absorption.

Keywords:  nano-second laser      pico-second laser      nonlinear absorption      z-scan  
Received:  04 November 2018      Revised:  09 December 2018      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  42.62.Fi (Laser spectroscopy)  
  42.65.-k (Nonlinear optics)  
  78.20.Bh (Theory, models, and numerical simulation)  
  78.20.Ci (Optical constants (including refractive index, complex dielectric constant, absorption, reflection and transmission coefficients, emissivity))  
Corresponding Authors:  Allam Srinivasa Rao     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Allam Srinivasa Rao Nonlinear behavior of the population dynamics of three-level systems in the presence of single photon absorption 2019 Chin. Phys. B 28 024211

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