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Chin. Phys. B, 2018, Vol. 27(7): 070702    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/27/7/070702
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — SECUF: Breakthroughs and opportunities for the research of physical science
TOPICAL REVIEW—SECUF: Breakthroughs and opportunities for the research of physical science Prev   Next  

Sub-millikelvin station at Synergetic Extreme Condition User Facility

Zhi Gang Cheng(程智刚)1, Jie Fan(樊洁)1, Xiunian Jing(景秀年)1, Li Lu(吕力)1,2
1 Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
2 School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Abstract  The Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, is in charge of the construction of the Synergetic Extreme Condition User Facility (SECUF) in Huairou, Beijing. The SECUF is a comprehensive facility focused on providing extreme physical conditions for scientific research, including an ultralow temperature, ultrahigh pressure, ultrahigh magnetic field, and ultrafast laser. The ultralow temperature will be realized by the sub-millikelvin (sub-mK) station, whose main component is an adiabatic nuclear demagnetization refrigerator (ANDR). The refrigerator is designed to have a base temperature below 1 mK and a magnetic field up to 16 T for experiments, as well as a characteristic parameter of B/T ≥ 104 T/K. In this review, we introduce adiabatic nuclear demagnetization refrigeration, thermometry from 10 mK to sub-mK, the properties and parameters of the ANDR of the SECUF, and related prospective research topics.
Keywords:  adiabatic nuclear magnetization      thermometry      superfluid 3He      fractional quantum Hall effects  
Received:  18 February 2018      Revised:  04 May 2018      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  07.20.Mc (Cryogenics; refrigerators, low-temperature detectors, and other low-temperature equipment)  
  07.20.Dt (Thermometers)  
  67.30.H- (Superfluid phase of 3He)  
  73.43.-f (Quantum Hall effects)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant Nos. 2016YFA0300601, 2015CB921402, 2011CB921702, and 2009CB929101), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11527806, 91221203, 11174340, 11174357, and 91421303), and the Strategic Priority Research Program B of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDB07010100). Z.G.C. acknowledges the support from Hundreds Talent Program, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Corresponding Authors:  Zhi Gang Cheng     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Zhi Gang Cheng(程智刚), Jie Fan(樊洁), Xiunian Jing(景秀年), Li Lu(吕力) Sub-millikelvin station at Synergetic Extreme Condition User Facility 2018 Chin. Phys. B 27 070702

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