Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2015, Vol. 24(1): 010701    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/24/1/010701
GENERAL Prev   Next  

Thermal efficiency of the principal greenhouse gases

A. Y. Galashev, O. R. Rakhmanova
Institute of Industrial Ecology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg 620990, Russia

Atmospheric gases are ranked according to the efficiency with which they absorb and radiate longwave radiation. The open international HITRAN database of gaseous absorption lines of high resolution together with inverse Fourier transform were used. The autocorrelation functions of the total dipole moment of the basic greenhouse gases molecules such as H2O, CO2, O3, N2O, and CH4 were obtained. Absorption coefficient spectra and emission power spectra of infrared radiation of these gases were calculated. Analysis of the emissive ability of all gases under consideration was carried out. Compared to CO2, all the gases under investigation have more effective emission except ozone. An efficiency criterion of IR absorption and emission is defined and is calculated for each studied gas, and the gases are ranked accordingly as follows (from strong to weak): H2O, CH4, CO2, N2O, and O3.

Keywords:  greenhouse gases      absorption and emission spectra      efficiency criterion  
Received:  02 July 2014      Revised:  09 December 2014      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  07.05.Kf (Data analysis: algorithms and implementation; data management)  
  32.30.-r (Atomic spectra?)  
  92.60.H- (Atmospheric composition, structure, and properties)  
  92.60.Vb (Radiative processes, solar radiation)  
Corresponding Authors:  A. Y. Galashev     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

A. Y. Galashev, O. R. Rakhmanova Thermal efficiency of the principal greenhouse gases 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 010701

[1] Flaud J M, Piccolo C, Carli B, Perrin A, Coudert L H, Teffo J L and Brown L R 2003 Atmos. Oceanic. Opt. 16 172
[2] Toth R A, Brown L R, Miller C E, Malathy D V and Benner D C 2008 JQSRT 109 906
[3] Wagner G, Birk M, Schreier F and Flaud J M 2002 J. Geophys. Res. 107 4626
[4] Daumont L, Auwera J V, Teffo J L, Perevalov V I and Tashkun S A 2001 J. Mol. Spectrosc. 208 281
[5] Toth R A 1994 J. Mol. Spectrosc. 166 176
[6] Miller C E and Brown L R 2004 J. Mol. Spectrosc. 228 329
[7] Tolchenov R N, Naumenko O, Zobov N F, Shirin S V, Polyanskyc O L, Tennysona J, Carleerd M, Coheurd P, Fallyd S, Jenouvriere A and Vandaelef A C 2005 J. Mol. Spectrosc. 233 68
[8] Coheur P F, Fally S, Carleer M, Clerbaux C, Colina R, Jenouvrierb A, Mérienneb M, Hermans C and Vandaelec A C 2002 JQSRT 74 493
[9] Pickett H M, Poynter R L, Cohen E A, Delitsky M L, Pearson J C and Muller H S P 1998 JQSRT 60 883
[10] Robichaud D J, Hodges J T, Maslowski P, Yeung L Y, Okumura M, Miller C E and Brown L R 2008 J. Mol. Spectrosc. 251 27
[11] Coudert L H, Dana V, Mandin J Y, Morillon-Chapey M, Farrenq R and Guelachvili G 1995 J. Mol. Spectrosc. 172 435
[12] Biermann U M, Luo B P and Peter T 2000 J. Phys. Chem. A 104 783
[13] Clapp M L, Miller R E andWorsnop D R 1995 J. Phys. Chem. 99 6317
[14] Lund M C E, Christensen D H, Nicolaisen F M and Nielsen C J 2005 J. Phys. Chem. 109 7166
[15] Niedziela R F, Norman M L, deForest C L, Miller R E and Worsnop D R 1999 J. Phys. Chem. A 103 8030
[16] Orphal J, Fellows C E and Flaud P M 2003 J. Geophys. Res. 108 4077
[17] Fally S, Carleer M and Vandaele A C 2009 JQSRT 110 766
[18] Slyinko Y V 2007 Quest. Radioelectronics: Radio Detec. Rang 4 5
[19] Galaktionov V and Khattatov V 2009 Abstracts of the 7th International Conference on Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy (Zermatt, Switzerland) p. 44
[20] Fomin B A and Falaleeva V A 2009 Opt. Atmos. Ocean 22 626
[21] Stratt R M 1995 Acc. Chem. Res. 28 201
[22] Keyes T 1996 J. Chem. Phys. 104 9349
[23] Rothman L S, Gordon I E, Barbe A, et al. 2009 JQSRT 110 533
[24] Kindt J T and Schmuttenmaer C A 1997 J. Chem. Phys. 106 4389
[25] Bresme F 2001 J. Chem. Phys. 115 7564
[26] Neumann M 1985 J. Chem. Phys. 82 5663
[27] Prokhorov A M 1988 Physical Encyclopedia (Moscow: Sovetskaya Enciklopediya) p. 702
[28] Goggin P L and Carr C 1986 Water and Aqueous Solutions (Bristol- Boston: Adam Hilger) 37 p. 149
[29] Evans W F and Puckrin E 1995 J. Climate 8 3091
[30] EvansWF, Puckrin E and Ackerman T P 2002 Proceedings of XII ARM Science Team Meeting (St. Petersburg, Florida) p. 1
[31] Matsui T and Pielke R A 2006 Geophys. Res. Lett. 33 L11813
[32] England M N, Ferrare R A, Melfi S H, Whiteman D N and Clark T A 1992 J. Geophys. Res: Atm. 97 899
[33] Vaughan G, Cambridge C, Dean L and Phillips A W 2004 Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss 4 8357
[34] Abshire J B, Riris H, Allan G R, et al. 2010 Tellus B 62 770
[1] Measurements of the 107Ag neutron capture cross sections with pulse height weighting technique at the CSNS Back-n facility
Xin-Xiang Li(李鑫祥), Long-Xiang Liu(刘龙祥), Wei Jiang(蒋伟), Jie Ren(任杰), Hong-Wei Wang(王宏伟), Gong-Tao Fan(范功涛), Jian-Jun He(何建军), Xi-Guang Cao(曹喜光), Long-Long Song(宋龙龙),Yue Zhang(张岳), Xin-Rong Hu(胡新荣), Zi-Rui Hao(郝子锐), Pan Kuang(匡攀), Bing Jiang(姜炳),Xiao-He Wang(王小鹤), Ji-Feng Hu(胡继峰), Jin-Cheng Wang(王金成), De-Xin Wang(王德鑫),Su-Yalatu Zhang(张苏雅拉吐), Ying-Du Liu(刘应都), Xu Ma(麻旭), Chun-Wang Ma(马春旺),Yu-Ting Wang(王玉廷), Zhen-Dong An(安振东), Jun Su(苏俊), Li-Yong Zhang(张立勇),Yu-Xuan Yang(杨宇萱), Wen-Bo Liu(刘文博), Wan-Qing Su(苏琬晴),Sheng Jin(金晟), and Kai-Jie Chen(陈开杰). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(3): 038204.
[2] Three-step self-calibrating generalized phase-shifting interferometry
Yu Zhang(张宇). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(3): 030601.
[3] Preliminary abnormal electrocardiogram segment screening method for Holter data based on long short-term memory networks
Siying Chen(陈偲颖), Hongxing Liu(刘红星). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(4): 040701.
[4] Experimental implementation of a continuous-time quantum random walk on a solid-state quantum information processor
Maimaitiyiming Tusun(麦麦提依明·吐孙), Yang Wu(伍旸), Wenquan Liu(刘文权), Xing Rong(荣星), Jiangfeng Du(杜江峰). Chin. Phys. B, 2019, 28(11): 110302.
[5] Comparison of the sensitivities for atom interferometers in two different operation methods
Xiao-Chun Duan(段小春), De-Kai Mao(毛德凯), Xiao-Bing Deng(邓小兵), Min-Kang Zhou(周敏康), Cheng-Gang Shao(邵成刚), Zhu Zhu(祝竺), Zhong-Kun Hu(胡忠坤). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(1): 013701.
[6] Data point selection for weighted least square fitting of cavity decay time constant
Xing He(何星), Hu Yan(晏虎), Li-Zhi Dong(董理治), Ping Yang(杨平), Bing Xu(许冰). Chin. Phys. B, 2016, 25(1): 014211.
[7] A method of recovering the initial vectors of globally coupled map lattices based on symbolic dynamics
Sun Li-Sha(孙丽莎), Kang Xiao-Yun(康晓云), Zhang Qiong(张琼), and Lin Lan-Xin(林兰馨) . Chin. Phys. B, 2011, 20(12): 120507.
No Suggested Reading articles found!