Chin. Phys. B, 2017, Vol. 26(3): 036601    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/26/3/036601
 CONDENSED MATTER: STRUCTURAL, MECHANICAL, AND THERMAL PROPERTIES Prev   Next

# General equation describing viscosity of metallic melts under horizontal magnetic field

Yipeng Xu(许亦鹏), Xiaolin Zhao(赵晓林), Tingliang Yan(颜廷亮)
Key Laboratory for Liquid-Solid Structural Evolution and Processing of Materials, Ministry of Education, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China
Abstract  Viscosities of pure Ga, Ga80Ni20, and Ga80Cr20 metallic melts under a horizontal magnetic field were investigated by a torsional oscillation viscometer. A mathematical physical model was established to quantitatively describe the viscosity of single and binary metallic melts under a horizontal magnetic field. The relationship between the viscosity and the electrical resistivity under the horizontal magnetic field was studied, which can be described as ηB=η+(2H)/(πΩ)B2 (ηB is the viscosity under the horizontal magnetic field, η is the viscosity without the magnetic field, H is the height of the sample, Ω is the electrical resistivity, and B is the intensity of magnetic field). The viscosity under the horizontal magnetic field is proportional to the square of the intensity of the magnetic field, which is in very good agreement with the experimental results. In addition, the proportionality coefficient of ηB and quadratic B, which is related to the electrical resistivity, conforms to the law established that increasing the temperature of the completely mixed melts is accompanied by an increase of the electrical resistivity. We can predict the viscosity of metallic melts under magnetic field by measuring the electrical resistivity based on our equation, and vice versa. This discovery is important for understanding condensed-matter physics under external magnetic field.
Keywords:  viscosity      horizontal magnetic field      metallic melts      electrical resistivity
Received:  06 May 2016      Revised:  20 December 2016      Published:  05 March 2017
 PACS: 66.20.Ej (Studies of viscosity and rheological properties of specific liquids) 64.30.Ef (Equations of state of pure metals and alloys) 75.20.En (Metals and alloys)
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51371107).
Corresponding Authors:  Yipeng Xu     E-mail:  1244470102@qq.com