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Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(4): 048201    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ab7906
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — Advanced calculation & characterization of energy storage materials & devices at multiple scale
TOPICAL REVIEW—Advanced calculation & characterization of energy storage materials & devices at multiple scale Prev   Next  

Failure analysis with a focus on thermal aspect towards developing safer Na-ion batteries

Yuqi Li(李钰琦)1,2, Yaxiang Lu(陆雅翔)1,3, Liquan Chen(陈立泉)1,2,3, Yong-Sheng Hu(胡勇胜)1,2,3
1 Key Laboratory for Renewable Energy, Beijing Key Laboratory for New Energy Materials and Devices, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
2 College of Materials Science and Opto-Electronic Technology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3 Yangtze River Delta Physics Research Center Co. Ltd, Liyang 213300, China
Abstract  Safety requirements stimulate Na-based batteries to evolve from high-temperature Na-S batteries to room-temperature Na-ion batteries (NIBs). Even so, NIBs may still cause thermal runaway due to the external unexpected accidents and internal high activity of electrodes or electrolytes, which has not been comprehensively summarized yet. In this review, we summarize the significant advances about the failure mechanisms and related strategies to build safer NIBs from the selection of electrodes, electrolytes and the construction of electrode/electrolyte interfaces. Considering the safety risk, the thermal behaviors are emphasized which will deepen the understanding of thermal stability of different NIBs and accelerate the exploitation of safe NIBs.
Keywords:  Na-ion batteries      safety issue      electrodes      electrolytes      solid electrolyte interphase      thermal runaway      failure analysis  
Received:  20 December 2019      Revised:  22 February 2020      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  65.40.-b (Thermal properties of crystalline solids)  
  65.20.-w (Thermal properties of liquids)  
  65.40.gk (Electrochemical properties)  
  88.80.ff (Batteries)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Key Technologies R&D Program, China (Grant No. 2016YFB0901500), the National Natural Science Foundation (NSFC) of China (Grant Nos. 51725206 and 51421002), NSFCUKRI_EPSRC (Grant No. 51861165201), the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDA21070500), Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission, China (Grant No. Z181100004718008), and Beijing Natural Science Fund-Haidian Original Innovation Joint Fund, China (Grant No. L182056).
Corresponding Authors:  Yaxiang Lu, Yong-Sheng Hu     E-mail:  yxlu@iphy.ac.cn;yshu@iphy.ac.cn

Cite this article: 

Yuqi Li(李钰琦), Yaxiang Lu(陆雅翔), Liquan Chen(陈立泉), Yong-Sheng Hu(胡勇胜) Failure analysis with a focus on thermal aspect towards developing safer Na-ion batteries 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 048201

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