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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(5): 050309    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac4e02
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A rational quantum state sharing protocol with semi-off-line dealer

Hua-Li Zhang(张花丽)1, Bi-Chen Che(车碧琛)1, Zhao Dou(窦钊)1,†, Yu Yang(杨榆)2, and Xiu-Bo Chen(陈秀波)1
1 Information Security Center, State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China;
2 School of Cyberspace Security, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China
Abstract  A rational quantum state sharing protocol with the semi-off-line dealer is proposed. Firstly, the dealer Alice shares an arbitrary two-particle entangled state with the players by Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) pairs and Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) states. The EPR pairs are prepared by Charlie instead of the dealer, reducing the workload of the dealer. Secondly, all players have the same probability of reconstructing the quantum state, guaranteeing the fairness of the protocol. In addition, the dealer is semi-off-line, which considerably reduces the information exchanging between the dealer and the players. Finally, our protocol achieves security, fairness, correctness, and strict Nash equilibrium.
Keywords:  rational quantum state sharing      game theory      semi-off-line      Nash equilibrium  
Received:  31 August 2021      Revised:  04 December 2021      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  03.67.Dd (Quantum cryptography and communication security)  
  03.67.Hk (Quantum communication)  
  03.65.Ud (Entanglement and quantum nonlocality)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No.2020YFB1805405),the 111 Project,China (Grant No.B21049),the Foundation of Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory of Public Big Data,China (Grant No.2019BDKFJJ014),and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities,China (Grant No.2020RC38).
Corresponding Authors:  Zhao Dou,     E-mail:
About author:  2022-1-24

Cite this article: 

Hua-Li Zhang(张花丽), Bi-Chen Che(车碧琛), Zhao Dou(窦钊), Yu Yang(杨榆), and Xiu-Bo Chen(陈秀波) A rational quantum state sharing protocol with semi-off-line dealer 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 050309

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