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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(2): 028203    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac22a4
Special Issue: SPECIAL TOPIC — Organic and hybrid thermoelectrics
TOPICAL REVIEW—Organic and hybrid thermoelectrics Prev   Next  

Recent progress in design of conductive polymers to improve the thermoelectric performance

Zhen Xu (徐真)1,2, Hui Li (李慧)1,2,†, and Lidong Chen(陈立东)1,2
1 State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructures, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China;
2 Center of Materials Science and Optoelectronics Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Abstract  Organic semiconductors, especially polymer semiconductors, have attracted extensive attention as organic thermoelectric materials due to their capabilities for flexibility, low-cost fabrication, solution processability and low thermal conductivity. However, it is challenging to obtain high-performance organic thermoelectric materials because of the low intrinsic carrier concentration of organic semiconductors. The main method to control the carrier concentration of polymers is the chemical doping process by charge transfer between polymer and dopant. Therefore, the deep understanding of doping mechanisms from the point view of chemical structure has been highly desired to overcome the bottlenecks in polymeric thermoelectrics. In this contribution, we will briefly review the recently emerging progress for discovering the structure-property relationship of organic thermoelectric materials with high performance. Highlights include some achievements about doping strategies to effectively modulate the carrier concentration, the design rules of building blocks and side chains to enhance charge transport and improve the doping efficiency. Finally, we will give our viewpoints on the challenges and opportunities in the field of polymer thermoelectric materials.
Keywords:  conductive polymer      organic thermoelectric material      chemical doping      side chain engineering  
Received:  30 July 2021      Revised:  26 August 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  01 September 2021
PACS:  82.35.-x (Polymers: properties; reactions; polymerization)  
  36.20.-r (Macromolecules and polymer molecules)  
  42.70.Jk (Polymers and organics) (Polymers)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21905294) and the Shanghai Sailing Program.
Corresponding Authors:  Hui Li     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Zhen Xu (徐真), Hui Li (李慧), and Lidong Chen(陈立东) Recent progress in design of conductive polymers to improve the thermoelectric performance 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 028203

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