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Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(3): 038203    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac21be
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Lithium ion batteries cathode material: V2O5

Baohe Yuan(袁保合), Xiang Yuan(袁祥), Binger Zhang(张冰儿), Zheng An(安政), Shijun Luo(罗世钧), and Lulu Chen(陈露露)
North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450011, China
Abstract  Among all the known electrode materials, vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) has high reversible capacity. It is a very valuable material for research of the complexity, rich structure and morphology. However, it also has some disadvantages, such as poor cycle stability, low discharge voltage, low conductivity and Li+ diffusion coefficient. In this regard, researchers have carried out a lot of research, such as using various methods to improve the nanostructures, introducing heterostructures, introducing point defects or cation doping in the crystal structure, etc. The electrochemical performance of V2O5 has been significantly improved in reversible capacity, high-rate capacity and long-term cycle stability. In this paper, V2O5 based nanostructure with different chemical composition are briefly introduced, and it covers V2O5 nanomaterials with different morphology, including 1D nanorods, nanobelts, nanotubes, 2D leaf like nanosheets and other nanosheets, and 3D hollow structures, porous nanostructures, porous eggshell microsphere structures. The composite nanomaterials of V2O5 and different carbonaceous supports are also introduced. Finally, the V2O5 composite materials doped with cations are discussed. The electrochemical performance of V2O5 based electrode can be improved effectively by obtaining appropriate nanostructure and optimized chemical composition.
Keywords:  lithium ion battery      V2O5 nanostructures      electrochemical properties      nanotubes and nanowires  
Received:  10 July 2021      Revised:  19 August 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  27 August 2021
PACS:  82.47.Aa (Lithium-ion batteries)  
  79.60.Jv (Interfaces; heterostructures; nanostructures)  
  65.40.gk (Electrochemical properties)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51702097 and U1804125) and the Key Scientific and Technological Research Projects of Henan Province, China (Grant No. 202102210222).
Corresponding Authors:  Baohe Yuan, Lulu Chen     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Baohe Yuan(袁保合), Xiang Yuan(袁祥), Binger Zhang(张冰儿), Zheng An(安政), Shijun Luo(罗世钧), and Lulu Chen(陈露露) Lithium ion batteries cathode material: V2O5 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 038203

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