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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(7): 074204    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/abf3b9

Orientation dependence in high harmonics of ZnO with polarization corrections to counteract the birefringent effect

Yin-Fu Zhang(张银福)1, Teng-Fei Huang(黄腾飞)1, Jia-Peng Li(李佳鹏)1, Ke Yang(杨可)1, Liang Li(李亮)1,†, Xiao-Song Zhu(祝晓松)1, Peng-Fei Lan(兰鹏飞)1,‡, and Pei-Xiang Lu(陆培祥)1,2,3
1 School of Physics and Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China;
2 Hubei Key Laboratory of Optical Information and Pattern Recognition, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430205, China;
3 CAS Center for Excellence in Ultraintense Laser Science, Shanghai 201800, China
Abstract  We investigate the influence of the birefringence on the high-order harmonics in an a-cut ZnO crystal with mid-infrared laser pulses. The high harmonics exhibit strong dependence on the alignment of the crystal with respect to the laser polarization. We introduce the Jones calculus to counteract the birefringent effect and obtain the harmonics with polarization corrections in ZnO. We show that the birefringent effect plays an important role in the orientation dependence of HHG.
Keywords:  high-order harmonics      birefringent effect      Jones calculus  
Received:  11 January 2021      Revised:  23 March 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  31 March 2021
PACS:  42.65.Ky (Frequency conversion; harmonic generation, including higher-order harmonic generation)  
  42.25.Lc (Birefringence)  
  02.10.Yn (Matrix theory)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 91950202, 11627809, 11874165, 11934006, 11774109, and 12021004).
Corresponding Authors:  Liang Li, Peng-Fei Lan     E-mail:;

Cite this article: 

Yin-Fu Zhang(张银福), Teng-Fei Huang(黄腾飞), Jia-Peng Li(李佳鹏), Ke Yang(杨可), Liang Li(李亮), Xiao-Song Zhu(祝晓松), Peng-Fei Lan(兰鹏飞), and Pei-Xiang Lu(陆培祥) Orientation dependence in high harmonics of ZnO with polarization corrections to counteract the birefringent effect 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 074204

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