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Chin. Phys. B, 2017, Vol. 26(2): 020201    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/26/2/020201
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Ranking important nodes in complex networks by simulated annealing

Yu Sun(孙昱)1, Pei-Yang Yao(姚佩阳)1, Lu-Jun Wan(万路军)2, Jian Shen(申健)1, Yun Zhong(钟赟)1
1 Information and Navigation College, Air Force Engineering University, Xi'an 710077, China;
2 Air Traffic Control and Navigation College, Air Force Engineering University, Xi'an 710077, China
Abstract  In this paper, based on simulated annealing a new method to rank important nodes in complex networks is presented. First, the concept of an importance sequence (IS) to describe the relative importance of nodes in complex networks is defined. Then, a measure used to evaluate the reasonability of an IS is designed. By comparing an IS and the measure of its reasonability to a state of complex networks and the energy of the state, respectively, the method finds the ground state of complex networks by simulated annealing. In other words, the method can construct a most reasonable IS. The results of experiments on real and artificial networks show that this ranking method not only is effective but also can be applied to different kinds of complex networks.
Keywords:  complex networks      node importance      ranking method      simulated annealing     
Received:  15 July 2016      Published:  05 February 2017
PACS:  02.10.Ox (Combinatorics; graph theory)  
  89.20.Ff (Computer science and technology)  
  89.75.Fb (Structures and organization in complex systems)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61573017) and the Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province, China (Grant No. 2016JQ6062).
Corresponding Authors:  Pei-Yang Yao     E-mail:  suny.z@qq.com

Cite this article: 

Yu Sun(孙昱), Pei-Yang Yao(姚佩阳), Lu-Jun Wan(万路军), Jian Shen(申健), Yun Zhong(钟赟) Ranking important nodes in complex networks by simulated annealing 2017 Chin. Phys. B 26 020201

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