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Chin. Phys. B, 2013, Vol. 22(8): 084702    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/22/8/084702

Droplet impact on regular micro-grooved surfaces

Hu Hai-Bao, Huang Su-He, Chen Li-Bin
College of Marine, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
Abstract  We have investigated experimentally the process of a droplet impact on a regular micro-grooved surface. The target surfaces are patterned such that micro-scale spokes radiate from the center, concentric circles, and parallel lines on the polishing copper plate, using Quasi-LIGA molding technology. The dynamic behavior of water droplets impacting on these structured surfaces is examined using a high-speed camera, including the drop impact processes, the maximum spreading diameters, and the lengths and numbers of fingers at different values of Weber number. Experimental results validate that the spreading processes are arrested on all target surfaces at low velocity. Also, the experimental results at higher impact velocity demonstrate that the spreading process is conducted on the surface parallel to the micro-grooves, but is arrested in the direction perpendicular to the micro-grooves. Besides, the lengths of fingers increase observably, even when they are ejected out as tiny droplets along the groove direction, at the same time the drop recoil velocity is reduced by micro-grooves which are parallel to the spreading direction, but not by micro-grooves which are vertical to the spreading direction.
Keywords:  micro-groove      droplet      drop impact      spreading      fingers  
Received:  19 January 2013      Revised:  20 April 2013      Published:  27 June 2013
PACS:  47.55.Dz  
  47.54.De (Experimental aspects)  
  61.30.Pq (Microconfined liquid crystals: droplets, cylinders, randomly confined liquid crystals, polymer dispersed liquid crystals, and porous systems)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51109178) and the Science and Technology Innovation Foundation of Northwestern Polytechnical University, China (Grant No. JC20120218).
Corresponding Authors:  Hu Hai-Bao     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Hu Hai-Bao, Huang Su-He, Chen Li-Bin Droplet impact on regular micro-grooved surfaces 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 084702

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