Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2013, Vol. 22(12): 128403    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/22/12/128403
INTERDISCIPLINARY PHYSICS AND RELATED AREAS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Prev   Next  

Alternating-current losses in two-layer superconducting cables consisting of second-generation superconductors coated by U-shaped ferromagnetic materials

Ahmet Ciceka, Fedai Inanirb, Fedor Gömöryc
a Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Campus 15100, Burdur/Turkey;
b Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, 53100, Rize/Turkey;
c Institute of Electrical Engineering, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská Cesta 9, 842 39 Bratislava, Slovakia
Abstract  Alternating-current losses in a two-layer superconducting cable, each layer being composed of 15 closely-spaced rectangular wires made up of second-generation superconductors when the ends of wires are coated by either a non-magnetic or strong ferromagnetic material having a U profile is numerically investigated. Computations are carried out through the finite-element method. The alternating-current losses do not increase significantly if the relative permeability of the coating is increased three orders of magnitude, provided that the current amplitude is less than half of the critical current in a superconducting wire. However, the losses are much higher for ferromagnetic coating if the amplitude of the applied current oscillating at 50 Hz is close to the critical current. The ferromagnetic coating is seen to accumulate the magnetic field lines normally on its surfaces, while the field lines are parallel to the long axes of the wires, leading to more significant flux penetration in the coated regions. This facilitates a uniform low-loss current flow in the uncoated regions of the wires. In contrast, coating with a non-magnetic material gives rise to a considerably smaller current flow in the uncoated regions, whereas the low-loss flow is maintained in the coated regions. Moreover, the current flows in opposite directions in the coated and uncoated regions, where the direction in each region is converse for the two materials.
Keywords:  second-generation superconductor      two-layer cable      ferromagnetic coating      U profile      alternating-current losses     
Received:  09 April 2013      Published:  25 October 2013
PACS:  84.71.Mn (Superconducting wires, fibers, and tapes)  
  74.78.-w (Superconducting films and low-dimensional structures)  
  74.25.F- (Transport properties)  
Fund: Project supported by the Fund from the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) (Grant No. 110T876).
Corresponding Authors:  Fedai Inanir     E-mail:  inanir@ktu.edu.tr

Cite this article: 

Ahmet Cicek, Fedai Inanir, Fedor Gömöry Alternating-current losses in two-layer superconducting cables consisting of second-generation superconductors coated by U-shaped ferromagnetic materials 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 128403

[1] Ballarino A, Bauer P, Bi Y F, Devred A, Ding K Z, Foussat A, Mitchell N, Shen G, Song Y T, Taylor T, Yang Y F and Zhou T Z 2012 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 22 4800304
[2] Barbero Soto E, Bellesia B, Bonito Oliva A, Boter E, Buskop J, Caballero J, Cornelis M, Cornella J, Galvan S, Losasso M, Poncet L, Harrison R, Heikkinen S, Rajainmaki H, Testoni P and Verpont A 2012 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 22 4200206
[3] Furuse M, Okano M, Fuchino S, Uchida A, Fujihira J, Fujihira S, Kadono T, Fujimori A and Koide T 2012 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 22 3900504
[4] Parkinson B J, Slade R, Mallett M J D and Chamritski V 2013 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 23 4400405
[5] Zhang C W, Zhou L, Sulpice A, Soubeyroux J L, Verwaerde C, Gia Ky H, Zhang P X, Lu Y F and Tang X D 2007 Chin. Phys. 16 1764
[6] Wang Q, Dai Y, Zhao B, Song S, Wang C, Li L, Cheng J, Chen S, Wang H, Ni Z, Li Y, Cui C, Hu X, Wang H, Lei Y, Chan K, Yan L, Wen C, Hui G, Yang W, Liu F, Zhuo Y, Zhou X, Yan Z, Chen J and Xu T 2012 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 22 4400905
[7] Feng Z, Li L, Gao C, Zhu G, Li Y, Li X, Dai Y and Wang Q 2012 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 22 4402206
[8] Zuijderduin R, Chevtchenko O, Smit J J Aanhaanen G, Melnik I and Geschiere A 2012 Phys. Proc. 36 890
[9] Hobl A, Goldacker W, Dutoit B, Martini L, Petermann A and Tixador P 2013 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 23 5601804
[10] Han Y H, Park B J, Jung S Y and Han S C 2012 Physica C 483 156
[11] Grinenko V, Fuchs G, Nenkov K and Holzapfel B 2013 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 26 035002
[12] Zhang P X, Inada R, Uno K, Oota A and Zhou L 2000 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 13 1505
[13] Amemiya N, Li Q, Takeuchi K, Nakamura T, Yagi M, Mukoyama S, Aoki Y and Fujiwara N 2011 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21 943
[14] Amemiya N, Li Q, Ito K, Takeuchi K, Nakamura T and Okuma T 2011 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 24 065013
[15] Gömöry F and İnanir F 2012 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 22 4704704
[16] Malozemoff A P, Snitchler G and Mawatari Y 2009 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 19 3115
[17] Stenvall A, Grilli F and Vojenčiak M 2011 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 24 085016
[18] Siahrang M, Sirois F, Nguyen D N and Ashworth S P 2012 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 25 014001
[19] Zhang G M, Lin L Z, Xiao L Y, Qiu M, Yu Y J and Hui D 2003 Chin. Phys. 12 553
[20] Hong Z, Campbell A M and Coombs T A 2006 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 19 1246
[21] Brambilla R, Grilli F, Martini L and Sirois F 2008 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 21 105008
[22] Grilli F, Stavrev S, Le Floch Y, Costa Bouzo M, Vinot E, Klutsch I, Meunier G, Tixador P and Dutoit B 2005 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 15 17
[23] Grilli F, Stavrev S, Dutoit B, Spreafico S, Tebano R, Gömöry F, Frolek L and Šouc J 2004 Physica C 401 176
[24] Klincok B and Gömöry F 2006 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 43 897
[25] Miyagi D, Wakatsuki T, Takahashi N, Torii S and Ueda K 2004 IEEE Trans. Magn. 40 908
[26] Tsukamoto O, Liu M, Odaka S, Miyagi D and Ohmatsu K 2007 Physica C 463 766
[27] Tsukamoto O, Sekizawa S, Alamgir A K M and Miyagi D 2007 Physica C 463 770
[28] Miyagi D, Amadutsumi Y, Takahashi N and Tsukamoto O 2007 Physica C 463 781
[29] Miyagi D, Umabuchi M, Takahashi N and Tsukamoto O 2007 Physica C 463 785
[30] Amemiya N, Nakahata M, Fujiwara N and Shiohara Y 2010 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 23 014022
[31] Clem J R and Malozemoff A P 2010 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 23 034014
[32] Krüger P A C, Grilli F and Farinon S 2011 Physica C 471 1083
[33] Safran S, Vojenčiak M, Gencer A and Gömöry F 2010 IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 20 2294
[34] Gömöry F, Šouc J, Vojenčiak M, Alamgir A K M, Han Z and Gu C H 2007 Appl. Phys. Lett. 90 092506
[35] Gömöry F, Vojenčiak M, Pardo E, Solovyov M and Šouc J 2010 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 23 034012
[36] Comsol Multiphysics v.4.2 (http://www.comsol.com)
[37] Gömöry F, Vojenčiak M, Pardo E and Šouc J 2009 Supercond. Sci. Technol. 22 034017
[1] Temperature dependence of birefringence in olarization-maintaining photonic crystal fibres
Zhao Hong, Chen Meng, Li Gang. Chin. Phys. B, 2012, 21(6): 068404.
[2] Magnetization study of ITER-type internal-Sn Nb3Sn superconducting wire
Zhang Chao-Wu, Zhou Lian, Andre Sulpice, Jean-Louis Soubeyroux, Christophe Verwaerde, Gia Ky Hoang, Zhang Ping-Xiang, Lu Ya-Feng, Tang Xian-De. Chin. Phys. B, 2007, 16(6): 1764-1769.
[3] A design of novel type superconducting magnet for super-high field functional magnetic resonance imaging by using the harmonic analysis method of magnetic vector potentials
Zu Dong-Lin, Guo Hua, Song Xiao-Yu, Bao Shang-Lian. Chin. Phys. B, 2002, 11(10): 1008-1012.
[4] The frequency dependence of AC transport losses in stacked Bi-2223/Ag superconducting tapes
Zhang Guo-Min, Lin Liang-Zhen, Xiao Li-Ye, Qiu Ming, Yu Yun-Jia, Hui Dong. Chin. Phys. B, 2003, 12(5): 553-556.
No Suggested Reading articles found!