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Chin. Phys. B, 2013, Vol. 22(11): 117802    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/22/11/117802

Nonlinear optical characterization of phosphate glasses based on ZnO using the Z-scan technique

Masoumeh Shokati Mojdehia, Wan Mahmood Mat Yunusa, Khor Shing Fhanb, Zainal Abidin Taliba, N. Tamcheka
a Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia;
b School of Electrical Systems Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Campus Pauh Putra, 02600 Arau, Perlis Malaysia
Abstract  The nonlinear optical properties of a phosphate vitreous system [(ZnO)x-(MgO)30-x-(P2O5)70], where x=8, 10, 15, 18, and 20 mol% synthesized through the melt-quenching technique have been investigated by using the Z-scan technique. In the experiment, a continuous-wave laser with a wavelength of 405 nm was utilized to determine the sign and value of the nonlinear refractive (NLR) index and the absorption coefficient with closed and opened apertures of the Z-scan setup. The NLR index was found to increase with the ZnO concentration in the glass samples by an order of 10-10 cm2·W-1. The real and imaginary parts of the third-order nonlinear susceptibility were calculated by referring to the NLR index (n2) and absorption coefficient (β) of the samples. The value of the third-order nonlinear susceptibility was presented by nonlinear refractive or absorptive behavior of phosphate glasses for proper utilization in nonlinear optical devices. Based on the measurement, the positive sign of the NLR index shows a self-focusing phenomenon. The figures of merit for each sample were calculated to judge the potential of phosphate glasses for application in optical switching.
Keywords:  Z-scan technique      nonlinear refractive index      nonlinear absorption coefficient      phosphate glasses  
Received:  27 March 2013      Revised:  07 June 2013      Published:  28 September 2013
PACS:  78.20.Ci (Optical constants (including refractive index, complex dielectric constant, absorption, reflection and transmission coefficients, emissivity))  
  78.20.Mg (Photorefractive effects)  
Fund: Project supported by the Ministry of Higher Education (Grant Nos. 1-11-08-664FR/F1 and 01-0410-861FR).
Corresponding Authors:  Masoumeh Shokati Mojdehi     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Masoumeh Shokati Mojdehi, Wan Mahmood Mat Yunus, Khor Shing Fhan, Zainal Abidin Talib, N. Tamchek Nonlinear optical characterization of phosphate glasses based on ZnO using the Z-scan technique 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 117802

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