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Chin. Phys. B, 2013, Vol. 22(1): 010701    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/22/1/010701
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Orange dye–polyaniline composite based impedance humidity sensors

Muhammad Tariq Saeed Chania b, Kh. S. Karimova c, F. A. Khalida, S. Z. Abbasa, M. B. Bhattya
a GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Topi 23640, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan;
b Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research (CEAMR), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, P.O. Box 80203, Saudi Arabia;
c Physical Technical Institute, Aini St. 299/1, Dushanbe, 734063, Tajikistan
Abstract  This study presents the fabrication and investigation of humidity sensors based on orange dye (OD) and polyaniline (PANI) composite films. A blend of 3 wt.% OD with 1 wt.% PANI was prepared in 1 ml water. The composite films were deposited on glass substrates between pre-deposited silver electrodes. The gap between the electrodes was 45 μm. The sensing mechanism was based on the impedance and capacitance variations due to the absorption/desorption of water vapor. It was observed that with the increase in relative humidity (RH) from 30% to 90%, the impedance decreases by 5.2×104 and 8.8×103 times for the frequencies of 120 Hz and 1 kHz, respectively. The impedance-humidity relationship showed a more uniform change as compared to the capacitance-humidity relationship in the RH range of 30% to 90%. The consequence of annealing, measuring frequency, response and recovery time, and absorption-desorption behavior of the humidity sensor were also discussed in detail. The annealing resulted in the increase in sensitivity upto 2.5 times, while the measured response time and recovery time were 34 s and 450 s, respectively. The impedance-humidity relationship was simulated.
Keywords:  organic-organic composite      humidity sensor      polyaniline      orange dye     
Received:  05 January 2012      Published:  01 December 2012
PACS:  07.07.Df (Sensors (chemical, optical, electrical, movement, gas, etc.); remote sensing)  
  07.07.Vx (Hygrometers; hygrometry)  
  72.80.Le (Polymers; organic compounds (including organic semiconductors))  
  84.37.+q (Measurements in electric variables (including voltage, current, resistance, capacitance, inductance, impedance, and admittance, etc.))  
Corresponding Authors:  Muhammad Tariq Saeed Chani     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Muhammad Tariq Saeed Chani, Kh. S. Karimov, F. A. Khalid, S. Z. Abbas, M. B. Bhatty Orange dye–polyaniline composite based impedance humidity sensors 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 010701

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