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Chin. Phys. B, 2014, Vol. 23(6): 064207    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/23/6/064207

Ultrashort pulse breaking in optical fiber with third-order dispersion and quintic nonlinearity

Zhong Xian-Qiong (钟先琼)a b, Zhang Xiao-Xia (张晓霞)a, Cheng Ke (程科)b, Xiang An-Ping (向安平)b
a State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Films and Integrated Devices, School of Optoelectronic Information, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China;
b College of Optoelectronic Technology, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, China
Abstract  The optical wave breaking (OWB) characteristics in terms of the pulse shape, spectrum, and frequency chirp, in the normal dispersion regime of an optical fiber with both the third-order dispersion (TOD) and quintic nonlinearity (QN) are numerically calculated. The results show that the TOD causes the asymmetry of the temporal- and spectral-domain, and the chirp characteristics. The OWB generally appears near the pulse center and at the trailing edge of the pulse, instead of at the two edges of the pulse symmetrically in the case of no TOD. With the increase of distance, the relation of OWB to the TOD near the pulse center increases quickly, leading to the generation of ultra-short pulse trains, while the OWB resulting from the case of no TOD at the trailing edge of the pulse disappears gradually. In addition, the positive (negative) QN enhances (weakens) the chirp amount and the fine structures, thereby inducing the OWB phenomena to appear earlier (later). Thus, the TOD and the positive (negative) QN are beneficial (detrimental) to the OWB and the generation of ultra-short pulse trains.
Keywords:  optical wave breaking      third-order dispersion      quintic nonlinearity  
Received:  18 July 2013      Revised:  30 October 2013      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  42.65.Re (Ultrafast processes; optical pulse generation and pulse compression)  
  42.65.Sf (Dynamics of nonlinear optical systems; optical instabilities, optical chaos and complexity, and optical spatio-temporal dynamics)  
  42.70.Nq (Other nonlinear optical materials; photorefractive and semiconductor materials)  
Fund: Project supported by the Postdoctoral Fund of China (Grant No. 2011M501402), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61275039), the 973 Program of China (Grant No. 2012CB315702), the Key Project of the Chinese Ministry of Education, China (Grant No. 210186), and the Major Project of the Natural Science Foundation supported by the Educational Department of Sichuan Province, China (Grant Nos. 13ZA0081 and 12ZB019).
Corresponding Authors:  Zhong Xian-Qiong     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Zhong Xian-Qiong (钟先琼), Zhang Xiao-Xia (张晓霞), Cheng Ke (程科), Xiang An-Ping (向安平) Ultrashort pulse breaking in optical fiber with third-order dispersion and quintic nonlinearity 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 064207

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