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Chin. Phys. B, 2020, Vol. 29(8): 087401    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ab9740
CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES Prev   Next  

Investigation of dimensionality in superconducting NbN thin film samples with different thicknesses and NbTiN meander nanowire samples by measuring the upper critical field

Mudassar Nazir1,2, Xiaoyan Yang(杨晓燕)3, Huanfang Tian(田焕芳)1, Pengtao Song(宋鹏涛)1,2, Zhan Wang(王战)1,2, Zhongcheng Xiang(相忠诚)1, Xueyi Guo(郭学仪)1, Yirong Jin(金贻荣)1, Lixing You(尤立星)3, Dongning Zheng(郑东宁)1,2,4
1 Institute of Physics and Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
3 State Key Laboratory of Functional Materials for Informatics, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology and the Center for Excellence in Superconducting Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China;
4 Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China
Abstract  We study superconducting properties of NbN thin film samples with different thicknesses and an ultra-thin NbTiN meander nanowire sample. For the ultra-thin samples, we found that the temperature dependence of upper critical field (Hc2) in parallel to surface orientation shows bending curvature close to critical temperature Tc, suggesting a two-dimensional (2D) nature of the samples. The 2D behavior is further supported by the angular dependence measurements of Hc2 for the thinnest samples. The temperature dependence of parallel upper critical field for the thick films could be described by a model based on the anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau theory. Interestingly, the results measured in the field perpendicular to the film surface orientation show a similar bending curvature but in a much narrow temperature region close to Tc for the ultra-thin samples. We suggest that this feature could be due to suppression of pair-breaking caused by local in-homogeneity. We further propose the temperature dependence of perpendicular Hc2 as a measure of uniformity of superconducting ultra-thin films. For the thick samples, we find that Hc2 shows maxima for both parallel and perpendicular orientations. The Hc2 peak for the perpendicular orientation is believed to be due to the columnar structure formed during the growth of the thick films. The presence of columnar structure is confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). In addition, we have measured the angular dependence of magneto-resistance, and the results are consistent with the Hc2 data.
Keywords:  NbN micro-bridges and NbTiN meander nanowire      upper critical field      low dimensionality      anisotropic magneto-resistance  
Received:  30 April 2020      Revised:  27 May 2020      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  81.16.Rf (Micro- and nanoscale pattern formation)  
  74.78.-w (Superconducting films and low-dimensional structures)  
  74.25.-q (Properties of superconductors)  
  74.25.F- (Transport properties)  
Fund: Project supported by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDB25000000).
Corresponding Authors:  Dongning Zheng     E-mail:  dzheng@iphy.ac.cn

Cite this article: 

Mudassar Nazir, Xiaoyan Yang(杨晓燕), Huanfang Tian(田焕芳), Pengtao Song(宋鹏涛), Zhan Wang(王战), Zhongcheng Xiang(相忠诚), Xueyi Guo(郭学仪), Yirong Jin(金贻荣), Lixing You(尤立星), Dongning Zheng(郑东宁) Investigation of dimensionality in superconducting NbN thin film samples with different thicknesses and NbTiN meander nanowire samples by measuring the upper critical field 2020 Chin. Phys. B 29 087401

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