Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2017, Vol. 26(10): 105202    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/26/10/105202

Electric ignition energy evaluation and the energy distribution structure of energy released in electrostatic discharge process

Qingming Liu(刘庆明)1, Jinxiang Huang(黄金香)1, Huige Shao(邵惠阁)1, Yunming Zhang(张云明)2
1. State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China;
2. Department of Fire Protection Engineering, Chinese People's Armed Police Force Academy, Langfang 065000, China

Ignition energy is one of the important parameters of flammable materials, and evaluating ignition energy precisely is essential to the safety of process industry and combustion science and technology. By using electric spark discharge test system, a series of electric spark discharge experiments were conducted with the capacitor-stored energy in the range of 10 J, 100 J, and 1000 J, respectively. The evaluation method for energy consumed by electric spark, wire, and switch during capacitor discharge process has been studied respectively. The resistance of wire, switch, and plasma between electrodes has been evaluated by different methods and an optimized evaluation method has been obtained. The electric energy consumed by wire, electric switch, and electric spark-induced plasma between electrodes were obtained and the energy structure of capacitor-released energy was analyzed. The dynamic process and the characteristic parameters (the maximum power, duration of discharge process) of electric spark discharge process have been analyzed. Experimental results showed that, electric spark-consumed energy only accounts for 8%-14% of the capacitor-released energy. With the increase of capacitor-released energy, the duration of discharge process becomes longer, and the energy of plasma accounts for more in the capacitor-released energy. The power of electric spark varies with time as a damped sinusoids function and the period and the maximum value increase with the capacitor-released energy.

Keywords:  electric spark      discharge characteristics      energy structure      ignition energy  
Received:  13 June 2017      Revised:  28 July 2017      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  52.80.-s (Electric discharges)  
  52.77.-j (Plasma applications)  
  52.75.Kq (Plasma switches (e.g., spark gaps))  

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11572044) and the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFC0804705).

Corresponding Authors:  Qingming Liu     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Qingming Liu(刘庆明), Jinxiang Huang(黄金香), Huige Shao(邵惠阁), Yunming Zhang(张云明) Electric ignition energy evaluation and the energy distribution structure of energy released in electrostatic discharge process 2017 Chin. Phys. B 26 105202

[1] Shi Z D 1992 Small Internal Combustion Engine 21 51(in Chinese)
[2] Eckhoff RK 2002 Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 15 305
[3] ChangYH and HanS B 2014 J. Auto. Technol. 15 715
[4] Shaw W L Dlott D D and Williams R A 2014 Propellants Explosives Pyrotechnics 39 444
[5] Biet J, Ndem M and Idir M 2014 Combustion Science and Technology 180 1
[6] Zhang S Huisjen A and Zhu G G 2016 Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part D-Journal of Automobile Engineering 230 215
[7] Tseng K H, Chiu J L and Lee H L 2016 Materials and Manufacturing Processes 31 186
[8] Maniere C, Pavia A, Durand L, Chevallier G, Bleyb V, Afanga K, Peigney A and Estournés C 2015 Electric Power Systems Research 127 307
[9] Wei X Giuntini D and Maximenko A L 2015 J. Am. Cerami. Soc. 98 3553
[10] Albrecht H, Bless W H, Maly R, Saggau B and Wagner E 1977 SAE paper 770853
[11] Maly R and Vogel M 1979 Symposium on Combustion 17 821
[12] Ziegler G F W, Wagner E P, Saggau B, Maly R and Herden W 1984 Trans. SAE 93 643
[13] Sher E, Ish B Y and Kravchik T 1992 Combust. Flame 89 186
[14] Zhang Y M, Liu Q M, Yu C and Wang J P 2014 High Voltage Engineering 40 1267
[15] State Bureau of Technical Supervision of China 1996 GB/T 16428(in Chinese)
[16] International Electro Technical Commission (IEC) 1994 IEC International Standard CEI 61241-2-3
[17] Comite Europeen de Normalisation (CEN) 2002 European Standard EN 13821
[18] American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 2002 Standards E2019-02
[19] Liu Q M, Wang J P, Li L, Zhang Y M and Yu C 2014 High Voltage Engineering 40 1255(in Chinese)
[20] Liu Q M and Zhang Y M 2014 J. Appl. Phys. 116 153302
[21] Zhang Y M and Liu Q M 2015 High Voltage Engineering 41 547(in Chinese)
[1] Investigation on plasma structure evolution and discharge characteristics of a single-stage planar-pulsed-inductive accelerator under ambient fill condition
Xiao-Kang Li(李小康), Bi-Xuan Che(车碧轩), Mou-Sen Cheng(程谋森), Da-Wei Guo(郭大伟), Mo-Ge Wang(王墨戈), and Yun-Tian Yang(杨云天). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(11): 115201.
[2] Experimental investigation on electrical characteristics and ignition performance of multichannel plasma igniter
Sheng-Fang Huang(黄胜方), Hui-Min Song(宋慧敏), Yun Wu(吴云), Min Jia(贾敏), Di Jin(金迪), Zhi-Bo Zhang(张志波), Bing-Xuan Lin(林冰轩). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(3): 035203.
[3] The Coulomb effect on a low-energy structure in above-threshold ionization spectra induced by mid-infrared laser pulses
Lin Zhi-Yang, Wu Ming-Yan, Quan Wei, Liu Xiao-Jun, Chen Jing, Cheng Ya. Chin. Phys. B, 2014, 23(2): 023201.
[4] A density-functional theory for (BAs)n clusters (n=1–14): structures, stabilities and electronic properties
Liu Zhi-Feng, Lei Xue-Ling, Liu Li-Ren, Liu Huo-Yan, Zhu Heng-Jiang. Chin. Phys. B, 2011, 20(2): 023101.
[5] The relativistic density functional investigations on geometries, electronic and magnetic properties of Irn (n=1–13) clusters
Guo Ping, Zheng Ji-Ming, Zhao Pei, Zheng Lin-Lin, Ren Zhao-Yu. Chin. Phys. B, 2010, 19(8): 083601.
[6] Stability of small Ni-Ti bimetallic clusters studied by density functional theory
Chen Zhen-Gang, Xie Zun, Li You-Cheng, Ma Qing-Min, Liu Ying. Chin. Phys. B, 2010, 19(4): 043102.
[7] Appearance of metallic features in small tungsten clusters
Lei Xue-Ling, Wang Xian-Ming, Zhu Heng-Jiang, Luo You-Hua. Chin. Phys. B, 2009, 18(6): 2264-2270.
[8] Equilibrium geometries and electronic properties of BenLi (n=2--15) clusters from first principles
Luo You-Hua, Lei Xue-Ling, Zhu Heng-Jiang, Wang Xian-Ming. Chin. Phys. B, 2008, 17(10): 3687-3695.
No Suggested Reading articles found!