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Chin. Phys. B, 2013, Vol. 22(11): 114213    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/22/11/114213
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — Quantum information
TOPICAL REVIEW—Quantum information Prev   Next  

Review of cavity optomechanical cooling

Liu Yong-Chuna, Hu Yu-Wena, Wong Chee Weib, Xiao Yun-Fenga
a State Key Laboratory for Mesoscopic Physics and School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
b Optical Nanostructures Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
Abstract  Quantum manipulation of macroscopic mechanical systems is of great interest in both fundamental physics and applications ranging from high-precision metrology to quantum information processing. For these purposes, a crucial step is to cool the mechanical system to its quantum ground state. In this review, we focus on the cavity optomechanical cooling, which exploits the cavity enhanced interaction between optical field and mechanical motion to reduce the thermal noise. Recent remarkable theoretical and experimental efforts in this field have taken a major step forward in preparing the motional quantum ground state of mesoscopic mechanical systems. This review first describes the quantum theory of cavity optomechanical cooling, including quantum noise approach and covariance approach; then, the up-to-date experimental progresses are introduced. Finally, new cooling approaches are discussed along the directions of cooling in the strong coupling regime and cooling beyond the resolved sideband limit.
Keywords:  cavity optomechanics      optomechanical cooling      ground state cooling      mechanical resonator  
Received:  08 October 2013      Revised:  15 October 2013      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  42.50.Wk (Mechanical effects of light on material media, microstructures and particles)  
  07.10.Cm (Micromechanical devices and systems)  
  42.50.Lc (Quantum fluctuations, quantum noise, and quantum jumps)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2013CB328704), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11004003, 11222440, and 11121091), the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 20120001110068), and the Scholarship Award for Excellent Doctoral Student granted by Ministry of Education, China.
Corresponding Authors:  Liu Yong-Chun     E-mail:  ycliu@pku.edu.cn

Cite this article: 

Liu Yong-Chun, Hu Yu-Wen, Wong Chee Wei, Xiao Yun-Feng Review of cavity optomechanical cooling 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 114213

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