Please wait a minute...
Chin. Phys. B, 2022, Vol. 31(7): 074209    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac5243

THz wave generation by repeated and continuous frequency conversions from pump wave to high-order Stokes waves

Zhongyang Li(李忠洋)1,†, Qianze Yan(颜钤泽)1, Pengxiang Liu(刘鹏翔)2, Binzhe Jiao(焦彬哲)1, Gege Zhang(张格格)1, Zhiliang Chen(陈治良)1, Pibin Bing(邴丕彬)1, Sheng Yuan(袁胜)1, Kai Zhong(钟凯)3, and Jianquan Yao(姚建铨)3
1 College of Electric Power, North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450045, China;
2 Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China;
3 College of Precision Instrument and Opto-electronics Engineering, Institute of Laser and Opto-electronics, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
Abstract  We propose a novel scheme for THz wave generation by repeated and continuous frequency conversions from pump wave to high-order Stokes waves (HSWs). The repeated frequency conversions are accomplished by oscillations of Stoke waves in resonant cavity (RC) where low-order Stokes waves (LSWs) are converted to high-order Stokes waves again and again. The continuous frequency conversions are accomplished by optimized cascaded difference frequency generation (OCDFG) where the poling periods of the optical crystal are aperiodic leading to the frequency conversions from low-order Stokes waves to high-order Stokes waves uninterruptedly and unidirectionally. Combined with the repeated and continuous frequency conversions, the optical-to-THz energy conversion efficiency (OTECE) exceeds 26% at 300 K and 43% at 100 K with pump intensities of 300 MW/cm2.
Keywords:  THz wave generation      optimized cascaded difference frequency generation      aperiodic periodically poled lithium niobate  
Received:  01 December 2021      Revised:  24 January 2022      Accepted manuscript online:  07 February 2022
PACS:  42.65.Yj (Optical parametric oscillators and amplifiers)  
  42.65.Dr (Stimulated Raman scattering; CARS)  
  42.65.Ky (Frequency conversion; harmonic generation, including higher-order harmonic generation)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61735010, 31671580, and 61601183), Natural Science Foundation of Henan Province, China (Grant No. 162300410190), and Program for Science &Technology Innovation Talents in Universities of Henan Province, China (Grant No. 18HASTIT023).
Corresponding Authors:  Zhongyang Li     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Zhongyang Li(李忠洋), Qianze Yan(颜钤泽), Pengxiang Liu(刘鹏翔), Binzhe Jiao(焦彬哲), Gege Zhang(张格格), Zhiliang Chen(陈治良), Pibin Bing(邴丕彬), Sheng Yuan(袁胜), Kai Zhong(钟凯), and Jianquan Yao(姚建铨) THz wave generation by repeated and continuous frequency conversions from pump wave to high-order Stokes waves 2022 Chin. Phys. B 31 074209

[1] Hong J T, Jun S W, Cha S H, Park J Y, Lee S, Shin G A and Ahn Y H 2018 Sci. Rep. 8 15536
[2] Yan X, Zhang Z, Liang L, Yang M, Wei D, Song X, Zhang H, Lu Y, Liu L, Zhang M, Wang T and Yao J 2020 Nanoscale 12 1719
[3] Yan X, Yang M, Zhang Z, Liang L, Wei D, Wang M, Zhang M, Wang T, Liu L, Xie J and Yao J 2019 Biosens. Bioelectron. 126 485
[4] Nagatsuma T, Ducournau G and Renaud C C 2016 Nat. Photonics 10 371
[5] Yang Y, Yamagami Y, Yu X, Pitchappa P, Webber J, Zhang B, Fujita M, Nagatsuma T and Singh R 2020 Nat. Photonics 14 446
[6] Akyildiz I F, Jornet J M and Han C 2014 Phys. Commun. 12 16
[7] Bai Y, Chen K, Bu T and Zhuang S 2016 J. Appl. Phys. 119 124505
[8] Baxter H W, Worrall A A, Pang J, Chen R and Yang B 2021 Front. Phys. 9 639151
[9] Feng H, An D, Tu H, Bu W, Wang W, Zhang Y, Zhang H, Meng X, Wei W, Gao B and Wu S 2020 Appl. Phys. B 126 143
[10] Neu J, Stone E A, Spies J A, Storch G, Hatano A S, Mercado B Q, Miller S J and Schmuttenmaer C A 2019 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10 2624
[11] Bakels S, Gaigeot M P and Rijs A M 2020 Chem. Rev. 120 3233
[12] Guerboukha H, Nallappan K and Skorobogatiy M 2018 Adv. Opt. Photonics 10 843
[13] Wade C G, Šibali N, De Melo N R, Kondo J M, Adams C S and Weatherill K J 2017 Nat. Photonics 11 40
[14] Fan K, Suen J Y, Liu X and Padilla W J 2017 Optica 4 601
[15] Ravi K, Schimpf D N and Kärtner F X 2016 Opt. Express 24 25582
[16] Li Z, Sun X, Li Y, Yuan B, Zhang H, Bing P, Wang Z and Yao J 2020 Opt. Lasers Eng. 128 106035
[17] Ravi K, Hemmer M, Cirmi G, Reichert F, Schimpf D N, Mücke O D and Kärtner F X 2016 Opt. Lett. 41 3806
[18] Ravi K and Kärtner F X 2020 Laser Photon. Rev. 14 2000109
[19] Kiessling J, Sowade R, Breunig I, Buse K and Dierolf V 2009 Opt. Express 17 87
[20] Ikari T, Zhang X, Minamide H and Ito H 2006 Opt. Express 14 1604
[21] Jundt D H 1997 Opt. Lett. 22 1553
[22] Pálfalvi L, Hebling J, Kuhl J, Ṕter Á and Polgár K 2005 J. Appl. Phys. 97 123505
[23] Fülöp J A, Ollmann Z, Pálfalvi L, Almási G and Hebling J 2011 Opt. Express 19 15090
[24] Kawase K, Shikata J and Ito H 2002 J. Phys. D 35 R1
[25] Ding Y J 2014 JOSA B 31 2696
[26] Jia C, Zhang X, Cong Z, Liu Z, Chen X, Qin Z, Zang J, Gao F, Wang P, Jiao Y, Wang W and Zhang S 2020 Opt. Laser Tech. 121 105817
[27] Sato Y, Tang C, Watanabe K, Ohsaki J, Yamamoto T, Tezuka N, Tanabe T and Oyama Y 2020 Opt. Express 28 472
[28] L'huillier J, Torosyan G, Theuer M, Rau C, Avetisyan Y and Beigang R 2007 Appl. Phys. B 86 197
[29] Beddard T, Ebrahimzadeh M, Reid T D and Sibbett W 2000 Opt. Lett. 25 1052
[1] Creation of multi-frequency terahertz waves by optimized cascaded difference frequency generation
Zhong-Yang Li(李忠洋), Jia Zhao(赵佳), Sheng Yuan(袁胜), Bin-Zhe Jiao(焦彬哲), Pi-Bin Bing(邴丕彬), Hong-Tao Zhang(张红涛), Zhi-Liang Chen(陈治良), Lian Tan(谭联), and Jian-Quan Yao(姚建铨). Chin. Phys. B, 2022, 31(4): 044205.
[2] High-efficiency terahertz wave generation with multiple frequencies by optimized cascaded difference frequency generation
Zhongyang Li(李忠洋), Binzhe Jiao(焦彬哲), Wenkai Liu(刘文锴), Qingfeng Hu(胡青峰), Gege Zhang(张格格), Qianze Yan(颜钤泽), Pibin Bing(邴丕彬), Fengrui Zhang(张风蕊), Zhan Wang(王湛), and Jianquan Yao(姚建铨). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(4): 044211.
[3] Theoretical research on terahertz wave generation from planar waveguide by optimized cascaded difference frequency generation
Zhongyang Li(李忠洋), Jia Zhao(赵佳), Wenkai Liu(刘文锴), Qingfeng Hu(胡青峰), Yongjun Li(李永军), Binzhe Jiao(焦彬哲), Pibin Bing(邴丕彬), Hongtao Zhang(张红涛), Lian Tan(谭联), and Jianquan Yao(姚建铨). Chin. Phys. B, 2021, 30(2): 024209.
[4] Excitation-wavelength-dependent THz wave modulation via external bias electric field
Shi-Jia Feng(冯世嘉), Li-Quan Dong(董立泉), Dan-Ni Ma(马丹妮), Tong Wu(吴同), Yong Tan(谭永), Liang-Liang Zhang(张亮亮), Cun-Lin Zhang(张存林), Yue-Jin Zhao(赵跃进). Chin. Phys. B, 2020, 29(6): 064210.
No Suggested Reading articles found!