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Chin. Phys. B, 2013, Vol. 22(11): 115206    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/22/11/115206

Three different low-temperature plasma-based methods for hydrophilicity improvement of polyethylene films at atmospheric pressure

Chen Guang-Lianga, Zheng Xua, Huang Juna, Si Xiao-Leia, Chen Zhi-Lia, Xue Feia, Sylvain Masseyb
a Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology, and Engineering Research Centerfor Eco-Dyeing & Finishing of Textiles, Ministry of Education, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China;
b Groupe en Sciences des Radiations, Faculté de médecine et des Sciences de la Santé, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec QC J1H 5N4, Canada
Abstract  Three different low-temperature plasma-based methods were used to improve the surface hydrophilicity of polyethylene (PE) films, and all the modification processes were carried out by employing an atmospheric pressure plasma jet (APPJ) system. (a) PE films were directly modified by APPJ using a gas mixture of He and O2. (b) Acrylic acid (AA) was introduced into the system and a polymer acrylic acid (PAA) coating was deposited onto the PE films. (c) AA was grafted onto the PE surface activated by plasma pre-treatment. It was found that the hydrophilicity of the PE films was significantly improved for all the three methods. However, the samples modified by Process (a) showed hydrophobicity recovery after a storage time of 20 days while no significant change was found in samples modified by Process (b) and Process (c). The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) results indicated that the most intensive C=O peak was detected on the PE surface modified by Process (c). According to the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis, the ratios of oxygen-containing polar groups for samples modified by Process (b) and Process (c) were higher than that modified by Process (a).
Keywords:  atmospheric pressure plasma jet      plasma modification      acrylic acid      hydrophilicity improvement  
Received:  01 August 2013      Revised:  05 September 2013      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  52.75.-d (Plasma devices)  
  52.70.-m (Plasma diagnostic techniques and instrumentation)  
  52.77.Fv (High-pressure, high-current plasmas)  
  52.77.-j (Plasma applications)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11175157), the Zhejiang Provincial Key Innovation Team, China (Grant No. 2012R10038), and the 521 Talent Project of Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, China.
Corresponding Authors:  Chen Guang-Liang     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Chen Guang-Liang, Zheng Xu, Huang Jun, Si Xiao-Lei, Chen Zhi-Li, Xue Fei, Sylvain Massey Three different low-temperature plasma-based methods for hydrophilicity improvement of polyethylene films at atmospheric pressure 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 115206

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