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Chin. Phys. B, 2017, Vol. 26(6): 064202    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/26/6/064202

Effect of atmospheric turbulence on entangled orbital angular momentum three-qubit state

Xiang Yan(闫香)1,2, Peng-Fei Zhang(张鹏飞)1, Jing-Hui Zhang(张京会)1, Xiao-Xing Feng(冯晓星)1, Chun-Hong Qiao(乔春红)1, Cheng-Yu Fan(范承玉)1
1 Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Composition and Optical Radiation, Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China;
2 University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
Abstract  The entangled orbital angular momentum (OAM) three photons propagating in Kolmogorov weak turbulence are investigated. Here, the single phase screen model is used to study the entanglement evolution of OAM photons. The results indicate that the entangled OAM three-qubit state with higher OAM modes will be more robust against turbulence. Furthermore, it is found that the entangled OAM three-qubit state has a higher overall transmission for small OAM values.
Keywords:  three-qubit state      turbulence atmosphere      Kolmogorov turbulence  
Received:  14 November 2016      Revised:  10 February 2017      Accepted manuscript online: 
PACS:  42.50.Ar  
  03.67.Mn (Entanglement measures, witnesses, and other characterizations)  
  03.65.Ud (Entanglement and quantum nonlocality)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Defense Innovation Foundation of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. CXJJ-16S080).
Corresponding Authors:  Cheng-Yu Fan     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Xiang Yan(闫香), Peng-Fei Zhang(张鹏飞), Jing-Hui Zhang(张京会), Xiao-Xing Feng(冯晓星), Chun-Hong Qiao(乔春红), Cheng-Yu Fan(范承玉) Effect of atmospheric turbulence on entangled orbital angular momentum three-qubit state 2017 Chin. Phys. B 26 064202

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