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Chin. Phys. B, 2018, Vol. 27(2): 024204    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/27/2/024204
Special Issue: TOPICAL REVIEW — Solid-state quantum information processing
TOPICAL REVIEW—Solid-state quantum information processing Prev   Next  

Cavity optomechanics: Manipulating photons and phonons towards the single-photon strong coupling

Yu-long Liu(刘玉龙)1,2, Chong Wang(王冲)1,2, Jing Zhang(张靖)2,3, Yu-xi Liu(刘玉玺)1,2
1. Institute of Microelectronics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
2. Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology(TNList), Beijing 100084, China;
3. Department of Automation, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Abstract  

Cavity optomechanical systems provide powerful platforms to manipulate photons and phonons, open potential applications for modern optical communications and precise measurements. With the refrigeration and ground-state cooling technologies, studies of cavity optomechanics are making significant progress towards the quantum regime including nonclassical state preparation, quantum state tomography, quantum information processing, and future quantum internet. With further research, it is found that abundant physical phenomena and important applications in both classical and quantum regimes appeal as they have a strong optomechanical nonlinearity, which essentially depends on the single-photon optomechanical coupling strength. Thus, engineering the optomechanical interactions and improving the single-photon optomechanical coupling strength become very important subjects. In this article, we first review several mechanisms, theoretically proposed for enhancing optomechanical coupling. Then, we review the experimental progresses on enhancing optomechanical coupling by optimizing its structure and fabrication process. Finally, we review how to use novel structures and materials to enhance the optomechanical coupling strength. The manipulations of the photons and phonons at the level of strong optomechanical coupling are also summarized.

Keywords:  optomechanical systems      single-photon strong coupling      controllable photons and phonons transport  
Received:  24 September 2017      Revised:  23 November 2017      Published:  05 February 2018
PACS:  42.50.Wk (Mechanical effects of light on material media, microstructures and particles)  
  42.82.Fv (Hybrid systems)  
  42.65.Sf (Dynamics of nonlinear optical systems; optical instabilities, optical chaos and complexity, and optical spatio-temporal dynamics)  
  42.79.Nv (Optical frequency converters)  
Fund: 

Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2014CB921401), the Tsinghua University Initiative Scientific Research Program, and the Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology (TNList) Cross-discipline Foundation.

Corresponding Authors:  Yu-xi Liu     E-mail:  yuxiliu@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
About author:  42.50.Wk; 42.82.Fv; 42.65.Sf; 42.79.Nv

Cite this article: 

Yu-long Liu(刘玉龙), Chong Wang(王冲), Jing Zhang(张靖), Yu-xi Liu(刘玉玺) Cavity optomechanics: Manipulating photons and phonons towards the single-photon strong coupling 2018 Chin. Phys. B 27 024204

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[1] Optomechanical state transfer between two distant membranes in the presence of non-Markovian environments
Jiong Cheng(程泂), Xian-Ting Liang(梁先庭), Wen-Zhao Zhang(张闻钊), Xiangmei Duan(段香梅). Chin. Phys. B, 2018, 27(12): 120302.
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