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Chin. Phys. B, 2014, Vol. 23(5): 057205    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/23/5/057205
CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES Prev   Next  

Fabrication and electrochemical performance of graphene-ZnO nanocomposites

Li Zhen-Peng, Men Chuan-Ling, Wang Wan, Cao Jun
School of Energy and Power Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China
Abstract  

Graphene-ZnO nanocomposites were synthesized successfully through a one-step solvothermal approach. The morphology, structure, and composition of the prepared nanocomposites were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), laser micro Raman spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR). The outcomes confirmed that this approach is comparatively steady, practicable, and operable compared with other reported methods. The electrochemical performance of the graphene-ZnO electrodes was analyzed through cyclic voltammetry, altering-current (AC) impedance, and chronopotentiometry tests. The graphene-ZnO electrodes exhibited an improved electrode performance with higher specific capacitance (115 F·g-1), higher electrochemical stability, and higher energy density than the graphene electrodes and most reported graphene-ZnO electrodes. Graphene-ZnO nanocomposites have a steady reversible charge/discharge behavior, which makes them promising candidates for electrochemical capacitors (ECs).

Keywords:  graphene-ZnO nanocomposites      electrochemical performance      electrochemical capacitors  
Received:  15 October 2013      Revised:  25 November 2013      Published:  15 May 2014
PACS:  72.80.Tm (Composite materials)  
  82.45.Rr (Electroanalytical chemistry)  
  82.47.Uv (Electrochemical capacitors; supercapacitors)  
Fund: 

Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61265004, 51272097, and 11204113), the Nature and Science Fund from Yunnan Province Ministry of Education, China (Grant No. 2011C13211708), and the Natural Training Project from University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, China (Grant No. 14XPM06).

Corresponding Authors:  Men Chuan-Ling     E-mail:  qiu@kmust.edu.cn
About author:  72.80.Tm; 82.45.Rr; 82.47.Uv

Cite this article: 

Li Zhen-Peng, Men Chuan-Ling, Wang Wan, Cao Jun Fabrication and electrochemical performance of graphene-ZnO nanocomposites 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 057205

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