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Chin. Phys. B, 2021, Vol. 30(9): 098701    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/ac0baf

Ultrafast structural dynamics using time-resolved x-ray diffraction driven by relativistic laser pulses

Chang-Qing Zhu(朱常青)1,2, Jun-Hao Tan(谭军豪)1,2, Yu-Hang He(何雨航)1, Jin-Guang Wang(王进光)1, Yi-Fei Li(李毅飞)1, Xin Lu(鲁欣)1,2,3, Ying-Jun Li(李英骏)4,5, Jie Chen(陈洁)6, Li-Ming Chen(陈黎明)6,†, and Jie Zhang(张杰)1,6
1 Beijing National Laboratory of Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
2 School of Physical Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3 Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory, Dongguan 523808, China;
4 State Key Laboratory for GeoMechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing 100083, China;
5 Department of Physics, College of Science, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing 100083, China;
6 IFSA Collaborative Innovation Center and School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
Abstract  Based on a femtosecond laser plasma-induced hard x-ray source with a high laser pulse energy (>100 mJ) at 10 Hz repetition rate, we present a time-resolved x-ray diffraction system on an ultrafast time scale. The laser intensity is at relativistic regime (2×1019 W/cm2), which is essential for effectively generating Kα source in high-Z metal material. The produced copper Kα radiation yield reaches to 2.5×108 photons/sr/shot. The multilayer mirrors are optimized for monochromatizating and two-dimensional beam shaping of Kα emission. Our experiment exhibits its ability of monitoring the transient structural changes in a thin film SrCoO2.5 crystal. It is demonstrated that this facility is a powerful tool to perform dynamic studies on samples and adaptable to the specific needs for different particular applications with high flexibility.
Keywords:  ultrafast x-ray diffraction      transient structural changes      multilayer mirrors  
Received:  01 April 2021      Revised:  24 May 2021      Accepted manuscript online:  16 June 2021
PACS: (Ultrafast dynamics; charge transfer) (Structure, lattice dynamics and sound)  
  07.85.-m (X- and γ-ray instruments)  
Fund: Project supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFA0403301), Science Challenge Project (Grant No. TZ2018005), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11991073, 11721404, 11805266, 11905289, and 61975229), and Key Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant Nos. XDA25030400 and XDB17030500).
Corresponding Authors:  Li-Ming Chen     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

Chang-Qing Zhu(朱常青), Jun-Hao Tan(谭军豪), Yu-Hang He(何雨航), Jin-Guang Wang(王进光), Yi-Fei Li(李毅飞), Xin Lu(鲁欣), Ying-Jun Li(李英骏), Jie Chen(陈洁), Li-Ming Chen(陈黎明), and Jie Zhang(张杰) Ultrafast structural dynamics using time-resolved x-ray diffraction driven by relativistic laser pulses 2021 Chin. Phys. B 30 098701

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