Chin. Phys. B
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CN 11-5639/O4
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Chin. Phys. B  
  Chin. Phys. B--2001, Vol.10, No.5
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GENERAL

ON THE FORM INVARIANCE OF NIELSEN EQUATIONS

Wang Shu-yong, Mei Feng-xiang
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 373-375 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/001
Full Text: [PDF 176 KB] (Downloads:607)
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The definition and criterion of the form invariance of Nielsen equations are given. The relation between the form invariance and the Noether symmetry is studied. Some examples are given to illustrate the application of the result.

NOETHER'S THEOREM OF NONHOLONOMIC SYSTEMS OF NON-CHETAEV'S TYPE WITH UNILATERAL CONSTRAINTS

Li Yuan-cheng, Zhang Yi, Liang Jing-hui, Mei Feng-xiang
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 376-379 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/002
Full Text: [PDF 204 KB] (Downloads:885)
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In this paper, we present Noether's theorem and its inverse theorem for nonholonomic systems of non-Chetaev's type with unilateral constraints. We present first the principle of Jourdain for the system and, on the basis of the invariance of the differential variational principle under the infinitesimal transformations of groups, we have established Noether's theory for the above systems. An example is given to illustrate the application of the result.

ANGULAR VELOCITY AND CORIOLIS EFFECT IN TIME-DEPENDENT QUANTUM MECHANICAL SU2 ROTATION

Fan Hong-yi, Sun Ming-zhai
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 380-383 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/003
Full Text: [PDF 198 KB] (Downloads:292)
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Starting from a time-dependent rotation U(t) in SU2 group element space, we derive its corresponding quantum mechanical dynamic Coriolis term and the relationship between U(t) and rotational angular velocity. Throughout our discussion, the technique of integration within an ordered product of operators is fully used, which has the advantage that the correspondence between the classical rotation and the quantum rotation is in a transparent fashion. A new angular-velocity formula is also derived.

VARIATIONAL STUDY ON MISSING BOND-CHARGE REPULSION ON THE EXTENDED HUBBARD MODEL: EFFECTS ON POLYACETYLENE

Sun Lei, Zhang Yu-mei, Feng Wei-guo
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 384-389 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/004
Full Text: [PDF 205 KB] (Downloads:310)
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The variational approach is applied to the study on the effect of Coulomb interaction between electrons on the dimerization in a one-dimensional commensurability-two Peierls system, such as trans-polyacetylene. For the case of omitting direct repulsion between electrons in the bonds between sites W, it is confirmed that the weak interactions tend to enhance the dimerization; but when W is included, this enhancement will be attenuated. If |W| is sufficiently large, the net effect of electron-electron interactions will reduce the magnitude of the electron-phonon-induced dimerization.

MULTISTAGE ADAPTIVE HIGHER-ORDER NONLINEAR FINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE FILTERS FOR CHAOTIC TIME SERIES PREDICTIONS

Zhang Jia-shu, Xiao Xian-ci
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 390-394 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/005
Full Text: [PDF 242 KB] (Downloads:404)
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A multistage adaptive higher-order nonlinear finite impulse response (MAHONFIR) filter is proposed to predict chaotic time series. Using this approach, we may readily derive the decoupled parallel algorithm for the adaptation of the coefficients of the MAHONFIR filter, to guarantee a more rapid convergence of the adaptive weights to their optimal values. Numerical simulation results show that the MAHONFIR filters proposed here illustrate a very good performance for making an adaptive prediction of chaotic time series.

EARTHQUAKE SCALING PARADOX

Wu Zhong-liang
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 395-397 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/006
Full Text: [PDF 137 KB] (Downloads:314)
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Two measures of earthquakes, the seismic moment and the broadband radiated energy, show completely different scaling relations. For shallow earthquakes worldwide from January 1987 to December 1998, the frequency distribution of the seismic moment shows a clear kink between moderate and large earthquakes, as revealed by previous works. But the frequency distribution of the broadband radiated energy shows a single power law, a classical Gutenberg-Richter relation. This inconsistency raises a paradox in the self-organized criticality model of earthquakes.
CLASSICAL AREAS OF PHENOMENOLOGY

THE TWO-PHOTON DEGENERATE JAYNES-CUMMINGS MODEL WITH AND WITHOUT ROTATING-WAVE APPROXIMATION

Zhou Ling, Song He-shan, Yao Li
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 413-417 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/010
Full Text: [PDF 193 KB] (Downloads:440)
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We take into account the two-photon process and generalize the Jaynes-Cummings (JC) model to the case of atomic level degenerate in the projections of the angular momenta, and we establish two-photon degenerate JC models with and without the rotating-wave approximation (RWA) quantum theory. Comparing the atom population inversion of the generalized JC model with that of the original JC model, we found that the revival period of the degenerate JC model becomes longer and the maximum amplitude of atomic inversion decreases with RWA. Without RWA, the quantum chaos of the generalized JC model is much weaker than that of the original JC model.

TEMPORAL OPTICAL SOLITONS VIA MULTISTEP χ(2) CASCADING

Huang Guo-xiang
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 418-423 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/011
Full Text: [PDF 238 KB] (Downloads:371)
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We consider a multistep χ(2) cascading for light pulses with the dispersion of the system taken into account. Using the method of multiple scales we derive a set of coupled envelope equations governing the nonlinear evolution of the fundamental, second and third harmonic waves involved simultaneously in two nonlinear optical processes, i.e. second harmonic generation and sum frequency mixing. We show that three-wave temporal optical solitons are possible in three-and four-step cascading in the presence of a group-velocity mismatch between different pulses.
ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS

PHOTOEXCITATION OF ATOM WITH ULTRASHORT LASER PULSES

Dai Chang-jian, Chen Zi-dong
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 403-406 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/008
Full Text: [PDF 214 KB] (Downloads:347)
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The uncoupled basis set is used to describe the interaction between the ultrashort pulses and the Na atom. Several polarization configurations of laser pulses have been investigated, which produce different effects on the two-step photoexcitation process. The study shows that the final states of the transitions driven by ultrashort laser pulses have a strong dependence on the laser polarization configuration. A comparison of the two different basis sets shows that the uncoupled basis set may provide more information than the coupled basis set, such as angular distribution of the atom in the final states of the transitions.

THE INFLUENCE OF GRAIN SIZE AND TEMPERATURE ON THE MECHANICAL DEFORMATION OF NANOCRYSTALLINE MATERIALS: MOLECULAR DYNAMICS SIMULATION

Wen Yu-hua, Zhou Fu-xin, Liu Yue-wu
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 407-412 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/009
Full Text: [PDF 364 KB] (Downloads:347)
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Nanocrystalline (nc) materials are characterized by a typical grain size of 1-100nm. The uniaxial tensile deformation of computer-generated nc samples, with several average grain sizes ranging from 5.38 to 1.79nm, is simulated by using molecular dynamics with the Finnis-Sinclair potential. The influence of grain size and temperature on the mechanical deformation is studied in this paper. The simulated nc samples show a reverse Hall-Petch effect. Grain boundary sliding and motion, as well as grain rotation are mainly responsible for the plastic deformation. At low temperatures, partial dislocation activities play a minor role during the deformation. This role begins to occur at the strain of 5%, and is progressively remarkable with increasing average grain size. However, at elevated temperatures no dislocation activity is detected, and the diffusion of grain boundaries may come into play.
THE PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

PARISI-SOURLAS CONFINEMENT MECHANISM OF QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS

Kou Su-peng
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 398-402 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/007
Full Text: [PDF 230 KB] (Downloads:391)
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Using Parisi and Sourlas dimensional reduction, four-dimensional quantum chromodynamics is reduced to a two-dimensional principal chiral model by suitable superspace embedding. The frame Ta cannot be regarded as a fixed one and the frame connection field \varωμ(x) becomes a dynamical gauge field in two dimensions, giving rise to a confining potential. As a result of the original SU(3) Yang-Mills field obtains another SU(3) local symmetry and turns into SU(3)×SU(3) local symmetry-one group element as exp (iδ\varphiaTa) with fixed frame Ta, the other gauging the frame Ta.
PHYSICS OF GASES, PLASMAS, AND ELECTRIC DISCHARGES

GUIDING OF PLASMA BY ELECTRIC FIELD AND MAGNETIC FIELD

Zhang Tao, Hou Jun-da, Tang Bao-yin, P. K. Chu, I. G. Brown
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 424-428 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/012
Full Text: [PDF 212 KB] (Downloads:325)
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The relationship between the transported ion current and the cathodic arc current is determined in a vacuum arc plasma source equipped with a curved magnetic filter. Our results suggest that the outer and inner walls of the duct interact with the plasma independently. The duct magnetic field is a critical factor of the plasma output. The duct transport efficiency is to maximize at a value of bias plate voltage in the range +10 V to +20 V, and independent (within our limit of measurement) of the magnetic field strength in the duct. The plasma flux is composed of two components: a diffusion flux in the transverse direction due to particle collisions, and a drift flux due to the ion inertia. The inner wall of the magnetic duct sees only the diffusion flux while the outer wall receives both fluxes. Thus, applying a positive potential to the outer duct wall can reflect the ions and increase the output current. Our experimental data also show that biasing both sides of the duct is more effective than biasing the outer wall alone.
CONDENSED MATTER: STRUCTURAL, MECHANICAL, AND THERMAL PROPERTIES

STUDY OF MESOPOROUS SILICA MATERIALS BY SMALL ANGLE X-RAY SCATTERING

Li Zhi-hong, Gong Yan-jun, Zhang Ye, Wu Dong, Sun Yu-han, Wang Jun, Liu Yi, Dong Bao-zhong
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 429-432 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/013
Full Text: [PDF 159 KB] (Downloads:384)
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Small angle X-ray scattering experiments have been performed to study the microstructure of mesoporous silica materials prepared by condensation of tetraethylorthosilicate using non-ionic alkylpolyethyleneoxide (AEO9) and ionic cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant as templates. It is the pores within the nanometre range that produce the main scattering. The scattering of the pure silica systems obey Porod's law. The scattering of the systems with templates remaining in the pores show positive deviations from Porod's law. This may be because the templates produce some additional scattering background and then make the scattering of pores distorted. The results show that the full removal of templates from the pores of the materials by Soxhlet extraction is very easy for AEO9, but it is difficult for CTAB. The positive deviation correction is also performed.

SEPARABILITY OF SPECIFIC VOLUME IN THERMODYNAMIC EQUATION OF STATE

Geng Hua-yun, Tan Hua, Wu Qiang
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 433-436 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/014
Full Text: [PDF 200 KB] (Downloads:428)
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A type of system, in which the specific volume can be divided into several parts according to its Hamiltonian, has been obtained in a grand ensemble. The main character of such a system is that its Hamiltonian is absolutely separable. We also discuss the partial specific volume contributed by thermoelectrons in metals under a free-interaction approximation, and the corresponding Wu-Jing parameter is obtained as a simple example.
CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES

VARIATIONAL CALCULATION ON GROUND-STATE ENERGY OF BOUND POLARONS IN PARABOLIC QUANTUM WIRES

Wang Zhuang-bing, Wu Fu-li, Chen Qing-hu, Jiao Zheng-kuan
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 437-442 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/015
Full Text: [PDF 201 KB] (Downloads:422)
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Within the framework of Feynman path-integral variational theory, we calculate the ground-state energy of a polaron in parabolic quantum wires in the presence of a Coulomb potential. It is shown that the polaronic correction to the ground-state energy is more sensitive to the electron-phonon coupling constant than the Coulomb binding parameter, and it increases monotonically with decreasing effective wire radius. Moreover, compared to the results obtained by Feynman Haken variational path-integral theory, we obtain better results within the Feynman path-integral variational approach (FV approach). Applying our calculation to several polar semiconductor quantum wires, we find that the polaronic correction can be considerably large.

STRUCTURE AND SUPERCONDUCTIVITY OF Mg1-xLixB2

Zhang Jian, Cheng Zhao-hua, Zhao Tong-yun, Zhang Shao-ying, Rong Chuan-bing, Shen Bao-gen
Chin. Phys., 2001, 10 (5): 443-444 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/10/5/016
Full Text: [PDF 143 KB] (Downloads:379)
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The effects of the substitution of Li for Mg in Mg1-xLixB2(x=0,0.1,0.2) on their structure and superconductivity have been investigated. It has been found by X-ray diffraction that the substitution of Li for Mg with x=0.1 and 0.2 does not cause phase transformation in these samples. However,the measurements of temperature-dependent normalized magnetization indicate the loss of superconductivity with the increase of Li content in these samples.
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