Chin. Phys. B
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CN 11-5639/O4
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Chin. Phys. B  
  Chin. Phys. B--2000, Vol.9, No.8
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GENERAL

EFFECTS OF NONHOLONOMIC CONSTRAINT ON LIE SYMMETRIES AND CONSERVED QUANTITIES OF LAGRANGIAN SYSTEMS

Zhang Rui-chao, Chen Xiang-wei, Mei Feng-xiang
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 561-564 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/001
Full Text: [PDF 182 KB] (Downloads:434)
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After a Lagrangian system is constrained by nonholonomic constraints, the determining equations, the structure equation and the form of conserved quantities corresponding to the Lie symmetries will change. Some symmetries vanish and under certain conditions some Lie symmetries still remain.

APPROACH FOR THE STUDY OF SOLITON IN OPTICAL FIBER

Tang Yi, Yan Xiao-hong
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 565-567 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/002
Full Text: [PDF 164 KB] (Downloads:401)
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In the anomalous group velocity dispersion regime, under the influence of optical Kerr nonlinearity, the monomode optical fiber supports stable propagation of an initial soliton pulse. In this paper, we present a singular perturbation approach for the study of various perturbations acting on this initial soliton pulse, In contrast with the previous perturbation theory for this subject, this approach gets rid of dependence on any tool of the sophisticated inverse scattering transform.

MULTIPHOTON JAYNES-CUMMINGS MODEL SOLVED VIA SUPERSYMMETRIC UNITARY TRANSFORMATION

Lu Huai-xin, Wang Xiao-qin
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 568-571 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/003
Full Text: [PDF 182 KB] (Downloads:732)
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For multiphoton Jaynes-Cummings(JC) model Hamiltonian, we find its supersymmetric structure. Based on this, we introduce a supersymmetric unitary transformation to diagonalize the JC Hamiltonian, in so doing, its eigenvalues and eigenfunctions are obtained. The transition process is also calculated.
CLASSICAL AREAS OF PHENOMENOLOGY

q-NONLINEAR CAVITY FIELD STATES GENERATED BY THE EXCITATIONS ON A q-COHERENT STATE

Wei Lian-fu, Xi Ding-ping
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 586-589 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/007
Full Text: [PDF 210 KB] (Downloads:330)
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It is shown that photon-excitation state defined by |α,k〉q=a{\dagger k}q|α〉q (k=1,2,3...) up to a normalization constant can be produced in nonlinear processes in q-nonlinear cavities. The mathematical and quantum statistical properties of this state are studied in detail. We show that this state, along with the number states absented in it, forms a complete set. We also show by numerical method that this state exhibits quantum-squeezing for some values of |α| and always reveals quantum-antibunching effect.

LINEAR AND NONLINEAR SEMICLASSICAL THEORY OF WHISPERING-GALLERY-MODE MICROSPHERE LASER

Chai Jin-hua, Lu Yi-qun, Leung Pui-tang
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 590-598 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/008
Full Text: [PDF 145 KB] (Downloads:402)
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A complete whispering-gallery-mode microsphere laser theory is developed, which combines usual laser semiclassical theory with Lorenz-Mie theory. The linear and nonlinear problems of the microsphere lasing are dealt with in the universal mode picture. The threshold condition, average amplitude of the steady state and frequency effect are obtained. A comparison between the theory and experiments is also made.

PHASE FLUCTUATIONS ON RAMAN-ENHANCED NONDEGENERATE FOUR-WAVE MIXING

Zhang Yan-peng, Wu Hong-cai, Wang Peng-fei, Li Chuang-she, Fu Pan-ming
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 599-605 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/009
Full Text: [PDF 246 KB] (Downloads:435)
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We have employed phase-diffusion model to study the effects of laser field correlation on the Raman-enhanced nondegenerate four-wave mixing (RENFWM). The different roles of the field fluctuations have been pointed out. A time-delayed method has been proposed to suppress the thermal background. An enhancement of the ratio between the resonant and nonresonant RENFWM signal intensities was found as the time delay is increased when the laser has broadband linewidth. When the lasers have Gaussian line shape, we also present a second-order coherence function theory to elucidate the temporal asymmetry behavior of the RENFWM.

NONLINEAR EFFECTS OF THIRD-AND FIFTH-ORDER ON POLARIZATION BEATS IN A FOUR-LEVEL SYSTEM

Zhang Yan-peng, Lu Ke-qing, Wu Hong-cai, Xu Jiao, Fu Pan-ming
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 606-610 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/010
Full Text: [PDF 216 KB] (Downloads:333)
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We have employed second-order coherence function theory to study the nonlinear effects of third-and fifth-order on polarization beats in a four-level system (TPBFS and FPBFS). It is found that the different temporal behavior of the beat signal in TPBFS and FPBFS depends on the stochastic properties of the lasers and transverse relaxation rate of the transition. We have considered the cases that pump beams have either narrow band or broadband linewidth and found that for both cases a Doppler-free precision can be achieved in the measurement of the energy-level difference between two excited states which are dipolar forbidden from the ground state. We also discussed the spatiall modulation behavior of the beat signal.
ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS

HYBRID ORBITALS OF CARBON ATOMS IN THE D6hC36 MOLECULE UNDER THE ROTATING ELLIPSOID MODEL

Tong Guo-ping
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 572-576 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/004
Full Text: [PDF 179 KB] (Downloads:573)
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The hybrid orbitals of carbon atoms in the D6h<\sub> C36<\sub> molecule are studied using two rotating ellipsoid models. The model 1 is 1.66R for the short semi-axis and 2.34R for the long semi-axis, and the model 2 is 1.78R and 2.26R respectively, where R is the C-C bond length. By comparison,we think the model 2 to be more proper in revealing the electronic properties of the D6h<\sub> C36<\sub> molecule. The component of s orbitals in the π states hybridized for each of the atoms is much larger than C60<\sub>, in which the s-orbit component is 0.0380 and the p-orbit is 0.9620. The most component is 0.2098 and the least is 0.0482 for model 1; the most is 0.1764 and the least is 0.0656 for model 2.

DYNAMICS of H+2 in TWO-COLOR ULTRASHORT LASER PULSE

Chen Zhao-yang, Qu Wei-xing, Xu Zhi-zhan
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 577-580 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/005
Full Text: [PDF 197 KB] (Downloads:353)
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Numerical simulations of ionization and dissociation processes of hydrogen molecular ion H2+ interacting with two-color intense ( 1014W/cm2-1015W/cm2) ultrashort (the duration ≈ 22fs) laser pulse are made. The result shows that the ionization and dissociation processes are strongly dependent upon the relative phase between the two color fields. It means that, in the case of ultrashort pulse, the phase coherence control of ionization and dissociation processes can be realized.

TIGHT-BINDING MOLECULAR DYNAMICS STUDY OF C60-GRAPHITE COLLISIONS

Fang Yun-tuan, Luo Cheng-lin
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 581-585 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/006
Full Text: [PDF 223 KB] (Downloads:332)
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We report the tight-binding molecular dynamics simulations of C60<\sub> impacting on a graphite (0001) surface with different incident energy. The simulations provide detailed characterizations of the microscopic processes occurring during the collisions and show insight into the deposition mechanisms of C60<\sub> on semiconductor substrate.
CONDENSED MATTER: STRUCTURAL, MECHANICAL, AND THERMAL PROPERTIES

A GENERALIZED FRENKEL-KONTOROVA MODEL OF THE Ga/Si(112) DIMERIZED OVERLAYER SYSTEM WITH VACANCIES

Xu Hai-bo, Wang Guang-rui, Chen Shi-gang
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 611-614 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/011
Full Text: [PDF 193 KB] (Downloads:440)
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We develop a Frenkel-Kontorova model to analyze the microscopic origins of vacancy-line interactions in a pseudomorphic adsorbate system. The atomic positions in the ground states are obtained by use of the gradient method. Our numerical results can explain the 2×N reconstruction observed in Ga/Si(112).
CONDENSED MATTER: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE, ELECTRICAL, MAGNETIC, AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES

CHARGE AND SPIN GAPS IN THE DIMERIZED HUBBARD MODEL

Ding Guo-hui, Ye Fei, Xu Bo-wei
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 615-618 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/012
Full Text: [PDF 197 KB] (Downloads:445)
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By using the bosonization and renormalization group methods, we have studied the low energy physical properties in the one-dimensional dimerized Hubbard model. The formation of charge and spin gaps is investigated both for the half-filled electron band and away from the half-filled band. The scaling laws of the charge and spin gaps with the dimerization parameterΔ and the repulsive interaction strength U are obtained.

NEGATIVE DONOR CENTER QUANTUM DOTS IN MAGNETIC FIELDS

Xie Wen-fang
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 619-623 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/013
Full Text: [PDF 213 KB] (Downloads:773)
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The method of few-body physics is applied to treat a D-<\sup> center quantum dot system in a magnetic field. The magnetic field is applied in the z direction. Using this method, we investigate the energy spectra of low-lying states of D-<\sup> center quantum dots as a function of magnetic field. The dependence of the binding energies of the ground-state of the D-<\sup> center are calculated as a function of the dot radius with a few values of the magnetic field strength and compared with other results.

ELECTROCHEMICAL OXIDATION OF La2CuO4 SINGLE CRYSTALS

Chen Ling, Huang Yu-zhen, Zhou Fang, Dong Cheng, Che Guang-can, Zhao Zhong-xian
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 624-629 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/014
Full Text: [PDF 226 KB] (Downloads:423)
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Bulk superconducting La2CuO4+δ<\sub> single crystals are obtained by using electrochemical intercalation technique from the as-grown insulating samples. Oxidation is carried out by constant current I=10μA at temperature T=70℃ and room temperature, respectively. Structure and magnetic properties are studied by low-temperature X-ray diffraction and susceptibility measurements. A superconducting phase with Tc of 19K and δ-0.12 can be attributed to the formation of oxygen clusters. Room temperature oxidation is inhomogeneous: two superconducting phases with Tc1<\sub> of 24K and Tc2<\sub> of 8K and an antiferromagnetic phase are coexisting in the crystal. It is found that the appearance of Tc in this system has the "step" tendency.

ENHANCEMENT OF FERROMAGNETIC CLUSTER INDUCED BY MAGNETIC FIELD IN THE PHASE-SEPARATED La0.5Ca0.5MnO3

Li Run-wei, Sun Ji-rong, Wang Zhi-hong, Chen Xin, Zhang Shao-ying, Shen Bao-gen
Chin. Phys., 2000, 9 (8): 630-633 doi: 10.1088/1009-1963/9/8/015
Full Text: [PDF 202 KB] (Downloads:488)
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Magnetic and transport properties of La0.5Ca0.5MnO3 have been investigated by measuring the magnetization and resistance in zero-field-cooled (ZFC) and field-cooled (FC) modes. Conspicuously irreversible behaviors of magnetization/resistance in the two different modes were observed below the charge ordering transition temperature (TCO). The ZFC and FC magnetizations at 5K, as functions of the magnetic field, coincide for μ0H≤1T. Afterwards, the ZFC magnetization tends to an approximate constant, but the FC one increases linearly with increasing field. There exists an excellent correspondence between magnetization and resistance below TCO. All the results suggest that the ferromagnetic clusters embed in the charge-ordered matrix. The phenomenon of ferromagnetic clusters growing up easily in the FC procedure has been interpreted according to the model of thermally activated two-level system.
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